Air barrier paper is a specialized paper that is installed on the outside of a building during construction. It is used to keep the building safe from weather such as rain and other outside influences of nature.
Attic Ventilation Attic Ventilation is important because it allows air to flow freely from the outside to the inside. In some houses, it is part of the ventilation system as well. Also helps keep the air from staling. The soffit vent gives ventilation among the rafters. The ridge vent produces a pathway for air through underside of the roof decking. Roof turbine provides air down through the roof decking to the attic space. The vents are soffit vent, ridge vent, gable vent, and roof turbine.
A piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-part articulated arm. Backhoes are commonly used as a digging device to dig trenches, but are also used to move tools from one part of the dig to another. The bucket in the photo is 4 feet deep, 6 feet wide, and 3 feet tall.
Horizontal boards nailed to corner posts located just outside the corners of a proposed building to assist in the accurate layout of foundation and excavation lines. String is attached to the batter boards to give a straight line for workers to work with.
Brick Arches Elliptical Roman Arch with Keystone
Wood Shingle is a thin roofing unit of wood, usually cut from green wood and then kiln-dried, either split along the grain or cut to stock lengths, widths, and thicknesses; used as an exterior covering on sloping roofs and on side walls and applied in an overlapping fashion. Wood shakes are similar to wood shingles, except it is a little thicker and used for outside walling. The cladding on this building is most likely wood shakes. Brick Cladding, EIFS Cladding, Stone Cladding, Wood Board Cladding, and Wood Shingles Cladding
Window in room is 5 feet wide, 6 feet tall, the sill is set at 42 inches, and the net opening is 28 inches. The Code states the window should be a minimum of 34 ½ “ wide, the stile set at less than or equal to 44 inches, net opening a minimum of 24 inches. Is a good example of the code cause it meets all the requirements
Dimensions of the stairs are: Tread is 13”, Rise is 7”. The Code says the minimum for tread is 11” and maximum rise is 7 ¾ “. Good example of the code cause it meets the minimum and maximum requirements set by the code.
A control joint is A groove which is formed, sawed, or tooled in a concrete or masonry structure to regulate the location and amount of cracking and separation resulting from the dimensional change of different parts of the structure, thereby avoiding the development of high stresses. Isolation joint is a joint, such as an expansion joint, between two adjacent structures which are not in physical contact.
A large rectangular brick used in construction. Concrete blocks are made from cast concrete, and aggregate, usually sand and fine gravel for high-density blocks. Common size is 8 in × 8 in × 16 in. The other CMU is 8 in x 10 in x 14 in
Decorative Concrete Masonry Units Split Face CMU Ribbed CMU
An earthmoving machine with a hydraulic scoop in front for lifting and loading earth or rubble. Can also be used to move tools and other equipment. Unlike other machines, the front bucket is used for lifting more than digging or pushing.
Weeping mortar joint- was neither was tooled or troweled . Was created by letting the mortar spill out over the bricks as they were set. Is ¾ inches wide and was used at a construction firm. Is most likely N mortar
Concave Joint- was tooled. The joint is ½ inch thick and was used at a IHOP. Is most likely O mortar
Building material composed of rectangular-shaped wood strands arranged in layers at right angles to one another, laid up into mats that form a panel and bonded with waterproof adhesives. Cross orientation makes the panels strong and stiff in both directions, and they contain no laps, gaps, or voids. Applications include subflooring, single-layer flooring, wall and roof sheathing, structural insulated panels, and webs for wood I-joists
Plywood is made of three or more thin layers of wood bonded together with an adhesive. Each layer of wood, or ply is usually oriented with its grain running at right angles to the adjacent layer in order to reduce the shrinkage and improve the strength of the finished piece. Most plywood is pressed into large, flat sheets used in building construction. Other plywood pieces may be formed into simple or compound curves for use in furniture, boats, and aircraft. Plywood production requires a good log, called a peeler, which is generally straighter and larger in diameter than one required for processing into dimensioned lumber by a sawmill. The log is peeled into sheets of veneer which are then cut to the desired dimensions, dried, patched, glued together and then baked in a press at 280 °F and 2800 psi to form the plywood panel. The panel can then be patched, resized, sanded or otherwise refinished, depending on the market for which it is intended.
Rebar is a common steel bar, and is commonly used in reinforced concrete and reinforced masonry structures. It is usually formed from carbon steel, and is given ridges for better mechanical anchoring into the concrete. This rebar is 5/8 “ in diameter, making it a #5 bar. The deformations on the bar is for more surface for the concrete to grab onto.
Gutter- a narrow channel which collects rainwater from the roof of a building and diverts it away from the structure
Downspout- A vertical pipe for carrying rainwater down from a roof gutter
Splash block- A small masonry block with a concave surface placed on the ground below a downspout at a sloping angle to carry roof drainage water away from a building and to prevent erosion of the soil.
Underlayment- The material, usually No. 15 felt, used to cover a roof deck before shingles are applied.
Shingle- a roof covering consisting of individual overlapping elements. These elements are normally flat rectangular shapes that are laid in rows without the side edges overlapping, a single layer is used to ensure a water-resistant result.
Aluminum foil is usually used to create metal panel roofs.
Waterproofing is the act of making something water proof. Creates a barrier that keeps water from getting past the wall to the space beyond. The type of waterproof here is liquid applied. Liquid-applied membranes that cure in place are relatively easy to detail around penetrations and other transitions, since in liquid state, the membrane can easily form itself to any shape.
Weep holes are small openings left in the outer wall of masonry construction as an outlet for water inside a building to move outside the wall and evaporate. Modern weep holes employ weep hole screens in order to prevent the ingress of snakes, insects, & other small animals into the masonry cavity. The weep hole screens are typically constructed of flexible nylon or plastics.
A series of longitudinal and transverse wires arranged at right angles to each other and welded together at all points of intersection; used as reinforcement in reinforced concrete . The measurement of the grid is 6” x 6”
Double Hung Window- A window having two sashes that slide up and down. Is this type because it opens at the bottom panel and the top panel. (will not open at moment cause the locks are rigid and stuck)