V O A D o l u n t a r y r g a n i z a t i o n s c t i v e i s a s t e r i n
What Is A VOAD?
The local counterpart to the state and National Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster (NVOAD).
A humanitarian association of independent voluntary organizations who may be active in all phases of the emergency management cycle.
Disaster Emergency Management Cycle
Foster efficient, streamlined service delivery to disaster victims.
Eliminate unnecessary duplication of effort through cooperation in the four phases of the emergency management cycle.
Coordination Vs. Operation
The basis for meetings and other VOAD-type activities are related to the characteristics and quality of collaboration among voluntary organizations following a disaster and not to direct services to disaster victims.
It is not a competing or exclusionary organization.
Each member organization maintains its own identity and independence while closely collaborating with other member organizations, interfaiths, and local, state, or federal authorities.
It is intended to be a network for organizations active in disaster.
VOAD Activities The main activities of a VOAD fall into four categories: Planning VOADs identify the primary resources of their member organizations and determine roles members will fill in time of disaster. Training VOADs sponsor or facilitate the training of members and their organizations for effective activity in all phases of the emergency management cycle.
VOAD Activities (Cont.) Convening When a disaster occurs in their area, VOADs usually convene to share information concerning the disaster and their plans for response. State and local VOADs work together during large disasters. Partnering VOADs enter partnerships with government emergency management agencies to facilitate communication and coordination.
The Four Cs o o p e r a t i o n o m m u n i c a t i o n o o r d i n a t i o n o l l a b o r a t i o n C C C C
VOADs f oster cooperation among member organizations at all levels and in all phases of the emergency management cycle.
Voluntary agencies rely on each other. No one member organization has all the answers for all the challenges faced during disasters.
Voluntary agencies treat each other as partners.
VOADs exchange and disseminate information among member organizations and the public, as well as local, state and federal agencies.
Member organizations share information regularly about their capacities, accomplishments, limitations, and commitments.
Members develop and maintain effective channels for collecting and sharing information, and deal openly with concerns.
VOADs coordinate the development of policies and procedures, and the implementation of services among member organizations.
Member organizations commit to working together, not competitively, toward the goal of effective service to disaster victims.
Through careful planning and preparation member organizations operate in a coordinated fashion in time of disaster.
Member organizations work together at disaster sites to achieve specific goals and to accomplish projects.
Partnerships are formed during the disaster response.
Voluntary agencies are usually one of the first to arrive and respond at a disaster scene.
Since agencies are community-based, they are able to mobilize quickly and provide immediate emergency response activities such as feeding, sheltering, and clothing victims.
First To Arrive, Last To Leave
Voluntary agencies are almost always on the scene prior to a Presidential declaration and often provide their services when a Presidential declaration is not needed.
Voluntary Agencies (Cont.)
Have knowledge and awareness about the local community and its unique circumstances and sensitivities;
Have volunteers who are qualified to address the unique needs of the affected community;
Trusted by the Public
Have staff and volunteers who are representative of the diverse populations in the community;
Voluntary agencies are trusted for the following reasons:
Are considered “good stewards” of resources and donations; and
Are skilled listeners and respect the privacy of confidential information such as immigration , family, and mental health issues.
Relationships to Governmental Organizations
VOADs seek the expertise of the local and state emergency management agency for understanding how disaster response works and for training.
VOADs invite representatives of such agencies to be liaisons between the VOAD and the agencies.
VOADs establish close working relationships with their local emergency management agency.
Independent Study Course IS-288 The Role of Voluntary Agencies in Emergency Management http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/