14 million Undocumented Immigrants in U.S. as of 2008
61% from Mexico
25% live in California
MYTH : Weak border enforcement has led to high rates of undocumented immigration. We should increase enforcement.
FACT : Increase border control and fences have done very little to reduce the flow of immigrants across the border and is extremely costly. In addition, the undocumented population has increased due to the difficulty to return to country of origin.
$94 Billion estimated cost for deportation of undocumented immigrants.
$285 billion Total cost to deport the undocumented immigrant population and continue border interdiction and interior enforcement efforts over a five-year period (in 2008 dollars).1 $85 billion Cost of continuing enforcement over a five-year period. $200 billion Total cost to find and arrest, detain, legally process, and transport the undocumented population over a five-year period. http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/2010/03/pdf/cost_of_deportation_execsumm.pdf
Immigration costs to the U.S.
MYTH : Immigrants have a negative impact on the economy and the wages of citizens and take jobs away from citizens.
FACT : Immigration has a positive effect on the American economy as a whole and on the income of native-born workers.
MYTH: Immigrants are a drain on U.S. social services.
FACT: Undocumented immigrants pay taxes and social security, which contributes greatly to public revenue. They will never get a return until they become citizens. Immigrants pay sales, income, and property taxes.
The Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors.
Allows undocumented students to gain citizenship after completing higher education or 2 years of military service.
Within 6 years of applying for the program
Low income undocumented students could qualify for state financial aid
Expanding resident student eligibility for purposes of the state need grant program
(R. Guillen, personal communication, May 8, 2010)
MYTH : Immigrants bring crime to our cities and towns.
FACT : Immigrants are far less likely to commit crimes because of increased chances of detainment and deportation if caught. Even though undocumented populations have increased in the U.S., crime rates have decreased significantly.