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Macbeth! Macbeth! Presentation Transcript

  • The Play Macbeth
  • The Differences between Macbeth in Real Life and in the Play. Real life Play He was the king of the Scotts He was the Scottish General and thane of Glamis who was led to wicked thoughts by the prophecies of the three witches. He ruled by efficient government and promoted Christianity. He was a brave soldier and a powerful man, but not virtuous. He ruled equably. He was power hungry and was a murderer. He married Kenneth the III’s granddaughter which strengthen his claim to the throne. He was crown king of Scotland. He imposed law and order. He proved himself better on the battlefield than politically, because he lacked skills for ruling without being a tyrant. He was always uneasy when he committed crimes. He responded to every problem with violence and murder.
  • Why did Shakespeare include supernatural elements in the play Macbeth? In Macbeth, the supernatural is and integral part of the structure of the plot. It provides a catalyst for action, an insight into character, and augments the impact of many key scenes. The supernatural appears to the audience in many varied forms not only does a ghost appear but also a floating dagger, witches and prophetic apparitions make appearances. Shakespeare’s contemporaries believed in the supernatural very strongly and a majority of them were frightened of it, including the king of that time (King James I.) The witches were a symbol of evil, and Shakespeare uses this fear of the devil to give his plays an additional eerie atmosphere and haunting effect. The witches are the most striking voice of unnaturalness and disorder. Lady Macbeth offers no comment on the witches, the ‘Metaphysical aid’, who promise so much to her husband. It is Macbeth who needs the witches to tell him what is in his own mind, but is too afraid to acknowledge, he refers to them as ‘Instruments of Darkness’
  • What was the attitude of the British to witchcraft during the 15th -16th centuries? The fact that witches were used as a representation of darkness and conflict, as well as prophets that led someone to commit regicide, shows the negative image of them in that time. The role of witches can say a lot about popular thoughts and views on witches in that time. They are depicted as old women, who are almost other worldly. This was a common view of the witch, with many descriptions from the period taking away the human aspect of them, and describing them as creatures. Their representation is very similar to how the popular culture of Renaissance England would have viewed witches in their community.
  • What happened to those who were taught to be witches in Renaissance in England? Witches convicted of murder by witch craft were to be executed but the punishment for witches in England was hanging, not burning at the stake which was the terrible death that was inflicted on French and Spanish witches. Torture was not allowed as part of the investigatory of punishment procedure for witches. Elizabethan Witches – Black witches and white witches (Cunning Folk or Healers) Up to the Renaissance period the wisdom of the Wise Women or Cunning Folk – the white witches were seen as helpful, if not invaluable, members of the community. The Black witches were seen as those who practised the secret arts in order to do physical or practical harm to others. Elizabethan Witch Trials Witch trials took place in the county during the Elizabethan era. The first witch trial to appear in a secular court un England resulting in a series of witch trials in Chelmsford, Essex. The second Chelmsford witch trial of 1579 once again brought the unfortunate old Elizabeth Frances to answer accusations of witch craft. The third Chelmsford Witch trial of 1589 saw the hanging of Joan Prentice, Joan Upney and Joan Cunny.
  • Are there any countries today in which society still believes in and punishes witchcraft? Yes, there are current countries in society that still believes in and the punishment of witchcraft. o Belief in black magic persists in Papua New Guinea, where communities are warping under the pressure of the mining boom’s unfulfilled expectations. Women are blamed, accused of sorcery and branded as witches — with horrific consequences. o Tens of thousands across America - some of them with university degrees - are dabbling in witchcraft, Satanism, voodoo, and other forms of black and white magic. Witches appear openly on television. Every high school is said to have its own witch. In Cleveland you can rent a witch to liven up a party. There are some 80,000 persons practicing white magic in the United States, with 6,000 in Chicago alone.