1 stein celia_powerpoint_allergies

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1 stein celia_powerpoint_allergies

  1. 1. AllergiesBy: Celia Stein
  2. 2. Food Allergies
  3. 3. Description Food allergies are an immune system reaction that occurs soon after eating a certain food. Even a tiny amount of the allergy-causing food can trigger signs and symptoms. If medical attention is not received immediately, the person’s life could potentially be in danger.
  4. 4. Signs & Symptoms After eating allergy-causing food, these symptoms may occur: Digestive problems Hives Swollen airways A life-threatening reaction known as anaphylaxis (a whole body allergic reaction)
  5. 5. Primary Groups Affected 6 to 8 percent of children under age 5 3 to 4 percent of adults
  6. 6. What Teachers Need To Know There is no cure but some children outgrow their food allergy as they get older. Food intolerance is often thought of as food allergies. Food intolerance is a less serious condition that does not involve the immune system. Some children may have an Epi-pen which is to be used after the child has ingested the allergy-causing food. Some children can’t even be in the same room as the allergy-causing food.
  7. 7. Resources http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/food-allergy/ DS00082 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH00018 /
  8. 8. Asthma
  9. 9. Description Asthma is a recurrent disease of the airways. The inside walls of the airways are inflamed, making it hard to breathe, or in some cases, impossible to breathe. Usually occurs more frequently at night or in the morning.
  10. 10. Signs & Symptoms Coughing, especially at night Wheezing Shortness of breath Chest tightness, pain, or pressure
  11. 11. Primary Groups Affected Children Smokers More boys than girls have asthma People with allergies People with a family history of asthma
  12. 12. What Teachers Need To Know Some things trigger asthma such as: pollen, dust, cold/warm air…etc. Signs of an asthma attack are wheezing, coughing, pale or red skin, blue lips People with asthma need their inhaler at the first sign of asthma difficulty If asthma persists, some people need to use a nebulizer or an oxygen tank
  13. 13. Resources http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/asthma/living- asthma.php http://www.webmd.com/asthma/guide/asthma- symptoms http://www.sharecare.com/question/who-is-affected-by- asthma
  14. 14. Drug Allergies
  15. 15. Description When an allergic reaction occurs after a drug has been ingested, injected, or exposed to a person who is allergic.
  16. 16. Signs & Symptoms Skin rash, Hives, Itching, Fever Facial swelling, Shortness of breath Anaphylaxis, a life-threatening reaction Tightening (constriction) of the airways and throat, causing trouble breathing Shock, with a severe drop in blood pressure Weak, rapid pulse Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea Dizziness, lightheadedness or loss of consciousness
  17. 17. Primary Groups Affected Anyone can have an allergic reaction to a drug You are more likely to have a reaction if it is your first time taking the drug
  18. 18. What Teachers Need To Know Do not give anyone a drug unless it is clearly prescribed to them Keep drugs locked up
  19. 19. Resources http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH00018 / http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/0008 htm http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/drug-allergy/DS0114 symptoms http://www.acaai.org/allergist/allergies/Types/drug-alle default.aspx
  20. 20. Skin Allergies
  21. 21. Description A reaction caused by a substance that comes in contact with skin such as lotion, chemicals, plants… etc.
  22. 22. Signs & Symptoms Itchy bumps Blisters Very dry skin Swelling Raised red or white bumps Welts
  23. 23. Primary Groups Affected Infants Children Adolescences Young Adults
  24. 24. What Teachers Need To Know Sometimes medication is needed for active skin allergies Apply cold compresses to relieve itching
  25. 25. Resources http://ezinearticles.com/?Skin-Allergy-Definition,-Causes 1387003 http://www.aaaai.org/conditions-and- treatments/allergies/skin-allergy.aspx
  26. 26. Outdoor Allergies
  27. 27. Description A person’s immune system reacting to an outdoor substance such as: pollen, dust, mold…etc.
  28. 28. Signs & Symptoms  Sneezing, clear and watery nasal discharge, congestion (stuffy nose) Itchy eyes, nose, and throat, watery eyes Wheezing, Chest Tightness, Coughing, Shortness of breath Redness of the eye Tearing, Burning eyes
  29. 29. Primary Groups Affected Children of parents who are affected by allergies are more likely to be affected as well. Different climates around the world have different allergies and affect people differently. 
  30. 30. What Teachers Need To Know Medication can be taken to help the symptoms of allergies but there is no cure Some people have more symptoms during specific seasons Asthma and skin allergies can occur due to outdoor allergies
  31. 31. Resources http://aacallergy.com/outdoor-allergies/ http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/allergies/DS0 1118 http://aacallergy.com/outdoor-allergies/

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