Description Food allergies are an immune system reaction that occurs soon after eating a certain food. Even a tiny amount of the allergy-causing food can trigger signs and symptoms. If medical attention is not received immediately, the person’s life could potentially be in danger.
Signs & Symptoms After eating allergy-causing food, these symptoms may occur: Digestive problems Hives Swollen airways A life-threatening reaction known as anaphylaxis (a whole body allergic reaction)
Primary Groups Affected 6 to 8 percent of children under age 5 3 to 4 percent of adults
What Teachers Need To Know There is no cure but some children outgrow their food allergy as they get older. Food intolerance is often thought of as food allergies. Food intolerance is a less serious condition that does not involve the immune system. Some children may have an Epi-pen which is to be used after the child has ingested the allergy-causing food. Some children can’t even be in the same room as the allergy-causing food.
Description Asthma is a recurrent disease of the airways. The inside walls of the airways are inflamed, making it hard to breathe, or in some cases, impossible to breathe. Usually occurs more frequently at night or in the morning.
Signs & Symptoms Coughing, especially at night Wheezing Shortness of breath Chest tightness, pain, or pressure
Primary Groups Affected Children Smokers More boys than girls have asthma People with allergies People with a family history of asthma
What Teachers Need To Know Some things trigger asthma such as: pollen, dust, cold/warm air…etc. Signs of an asthma attack are wheezing, coughing, pale or red skin, blue lips People with asthma need their inhaler at the first sign of asthma difficulty If asthma persists, some people need to use a nebulizer or an oxygen tank
Description When an allergic reaction occurs after a drug has been ingested, injected, or exposed to a person who is allergic.
Signs & Symptoms Skin rash, Hives, Itching, Fever Facial swelling, Shortness of breath Anaphylaxis, a life-threatening reaction Tightening (constriction) of the airways and throat, causing trouble breathing Shock, with a severe drop in blood pressure Weak, rapid pulse Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea Dizziness, lightheadedness or loss of consciousness
Primary Groups Affected Anyone can have an allergic reaction to a drug You are more likely to have a reaction if it is your first time taking the drug
What Teachers Need To Know Do not give anyone a drug unless it is clearly prescribed to them Keep drugs locked up
Description A person’s immune system reacting to an outdoor substance such as: pollen, dust, mold…etc.
Signs & Symptoms Sneezing, clear and watery nasal discharge, congestion (stuffy nose) Itchy eyes, nose, and throat, watery eyes Wheezing, Chest Tightness, Coughing, Shortness of breath Redness of the eye Tearing, Burning eyes
Primary Groups Affected Children of parents who are affected by allergies are more likely to be affected as well. Different climates around the world have different allergies and affect people differently.
What Teachers Need To Know Medication can be taken to help the symptoms of allergies but there is no cure Some people have more symptoms during specific seasons Asthma and skin allergies can occur due to outdoor allergies