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The Aborigines
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The Aborigines

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  • 1. THE ABORIGINES
  • 2. FORMATION OF AUSTRALIA
    • Sixty thousand years ago, there was an Ice Age on Earth.
    • Much of the words water was frozen in glaciers. This made the sea level drop.
    • The land that was under water eventually became exposed.
    • Australia, New Guinea, and Tasmania all formed one huge land mass called Sahul .
  • 3.
    • The first people came to Australia at this time.
    • They came from Southeast Asia.
    • They traveled in boats from island to island.
  • 4.
    • The most recent Ice Age ended 10,000 years ago.
    • People spread all over Sahul.
    • Glaciers melted and sea levels rose.
  • 5.
    • Higher water cut off Australia from New Guinea and Tasmania.
    • They became three different islands. Miles of ocean separated them.
    • The residents had no contact with the rest of the world for thousands of years.
  • 6.
    • The first people to live in Australia are called Australian Aborigines.
    • The first Aborigines lived on the coast.
  • 7. INNER AUSTRALIA WAS A HUGE DESERT
    • On the coast, there were more plants growing.
    • There were also more animals to hunt and more fresh water.
  • 8.
    • Aborigines lived in small groups.
    • They were larger in the coastal areas and smaller in the interior.
  • 9.
    • There were strict rules on how groups interacted. However, there was no specific leader in the group.
    • All members were equal.
  • 10.
    • There may have been about 500 groups of Aborigines and more than 200 languages.
    • Aborigines were hunter-gathers.
  • 11.
    • What they ate depended on where they lived.
    • Different food was available on different parts of the island.
  • 12.
    • Aborigines never grew their own food.
      • Instead, they survived on whatever grew naturally by understanding how to live in different natural environments.
  • 13. TRADE
    • Australian Aborigines also traded with one another.
    • Trade diversified the types of goods available.
  • 14.
    • Trade also kept different groups of Aborigines connected to one another.
      • This contact helped keep the culture of different groups similar.