LAWS OF THE GAME
• 1. Field of play and ball: The size of the field and the ball varies depending on age.
• 2. Number of players: The maximum amount is 11 players on the field, the minimum
• 3. Equipment: All players on the same team must be wearing the same colored
uniform. Shin guards must be worn at all time as well as soccer cleats.
• 4. Refs: The one’s who are there to make sure the game stays safe and all of the
rules are enforced.
• 5. Duration: Most games vary from 80-90 minutes long. 40-45 minute halves.
• 6. Start of play: Kick off is taken to start a game as well as to restart once a goal has
• 7. Out of play: The ball is considered out once it is outside of the line. The team who
didn’t kick it out gets the throw in. They have to have both feet on the ground and
the arms have to be completely back before throwing in. Corner kicks: if the team
defending the goal kicks the ball out on the right side of the corner flag, the
opposite team gets to kick it in from the corner.
• 8. Scoring: It is considered a goal if the ball is over the line.
LAWS OF THE GAME
• 9. Offside: An offensive player must have two
opponents including the goalkeeper between
• himself and the goal line at the moment the ball is
passed to him.
• 10. Free kick: Two types; Direct and indirect.
• 11. Penalty Kick: If a foul is committed inside the
goalies box, the team receives a penalty kick
meaning the player gets to shoot on the keeper
one on one.
YELLOW AND RED
• The refs carry these lovely things in their pocket
called “yellow and red cards”. A yellow card is
given when someone may commit and slight foul
which is a warning for the player. A red card is
given to someone who purposely made a foul.
• Goalkeeper: The goalkeepers job is to defend the teams
goal. Each goalie wears a different colored jersey than
their team so it’s easier to identify them. They are also
the only ones allowed to use their hands.
• Fullbacks: Fullbacks stay closest to their goal. As well as
the goalie, it’s their job to keep the opponents from
scoring; hence the name defenders.
• Midfielders: They play in between the fullbacks and the
forwards. They can be offensive which means they play
closer to the forwards or they can be defensive which
means they play closer to the defenders.
• Forwards: They play closer to the opponents goal, they
are the primary scorers. However, midfielders and
occasionally defenders are able to score.
• Many risks come with playing this sport; mostly
injuries. The most common injury in soccer is to tear
the ACL. However, there are plenty more injuries
that occur such as: spraining/ straining, broken
bones, concussions, muscle tears, etc.
• In just one game, which is 90 minutes, we run in
between 5-7 miles each game. In practice, we’ll run
maybe 3 or 4 miles depending on what we do. We
not only run, we do muscle workouts such as:
arms, legs, and abs.
• Have to kick with the right spot whether it’s on the
laces, inside or outside of the foot.
• When heading, head it just a little above the
forehead and it won’t hurt.
• Have to be able to dribble the ball without looking
• Quick feet. Get the ball, find a pass, be accurate.
• When receiving a pass, you want to make it so it will
easily roll with you has you’re moving instead of
• Ball control. Have to know how to control the ball
while running full speed.
• It takes MANY hours to become a great soccer
player. You have to be in shape, strong, healthy but
most of all, dedicated.