PERSONAL PRONOUNS AND THE VERB  “TO BE”
SINGULAR  PLURAL Pronouns * A pronoun takes the place of a noun * I   we you   you he   they she it
are they  are   She  is it   is we SINGULAR PLURAL I  am   He  is   you  are   Be:  am, are, is
I  am   a  student Contraction/short form I´m   a student Negative form I am   not   a student I´m not   a student Be:  am...
FULL FORM   SHORT FORM You  are  very smart   you´re   very smart We  are   cousins   we´re   cousins You  are  good tenni...
FULL FORM   SHORT FORM He is  very smart  He´s  very smart She is  my cousin  She´s  my cousin He is  my teacher  He´s  my...
NEGATIVE FORM   SHORT NEGATIVE FORM You  are not  very smart  you aren´t  very smart We  are not  cousins  we aren´t  cous...
  She is  a nurse * Is she  a nurse? AFFIRMATIVE  SENTENCES   QUESTIONS   He is  an excellent teacher  Is he  an excellent...
SHORT ANSWERS Yes, he is  /No, he isn't Yes, she is  / No, she isn't Yes, they are  / No, they aren't Yes, it is  / No, it...
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Pronouns and the verb to be

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Pronouns and the verb to be

  1. 1. PERSONAL PRONOUNS AND THE VERB “TO BE”
  2. 2. SINGULAR PLURAL Pronouns * A pronoun takes the place of a noun * I we you you he they she it
  3. 3. are they are She is it is we SINGULAR PLURAL I am He is you are Be: am, are, is
  4. 4. I am a student Contraction/short form I´m a student Negative form I am not a student I´m not a student Be: am, are, is
  5. 5. FULL FORM SHORT FORM You are very smart you´re very smart We are cousins we´re cousins You are good tennis players you´re good tennis players They are good students they´re good students Be: am, are, is
  6. 6. FULL FORM SHORT FORM He is very smart He´s very smart She is my cousin She´s my cousin He is my teacher He´s my teacher Be: am, are, is
  7. 7. NEGATIVE FORM SHORT NEGATIVE FORM You are not very smart you aren´t very smart We are not cousins we aren´t cousins You are not good tennis players you aren´t good tennis players They are not good students they aren´t good students Be: am, are, is
  8. 8. She is a nurse * Is she a nurse? AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES QUESTIONS He is an excellent teacher Is he an excellent teacher? She is in the bedroom Is she in the bedroom? They are in the garden Are they in the garden? * When changing is-are sentences to questions, use the cross rule where the verb in the questions goes to the beginning of the sentence.
  9. 9. SHORT ANSWERS Yes, he is /No, he isn't Yes, she is / No, she isn't Yes, they are / No, they aren't Yes, it is / No, it isn't QUESTIONS Is he an excellent teacher? Is she in the bedroom? Are they in the garden? Is it a blue car? * In short answers we never use subject-verb contractions, but we can use the verb+not contraction.
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