Choosing a Career One of the hardest—and most exciting— choices you’ll ever make is your career. Although chance may play a part, come prepared!Rule#1: Choose a career that is something you really like to do.Rule#2: Do your research and choose carefully and thoughtfully.Rule#3: Make it meaningful to you. You owe it to yourself to look for work that is meaningful and rewarding!
Choose Career Options That Match Your Values Knowing what you value most will help you refine your career search and choice: Helping others Prestige High income Flexible work hours Establish and align values, career choice, and career goals for motivation.
Surviving in a Fast Economy You will always have some control over your career. You must accept risks and plan for the future to advance your career. A college degree does not guarantee employment. A commitment to lifelong learning will help keep you employable.
Factors to ConsiderDo: Don’t: explore a number of focus on a major careers and majors just to get a career out of it get involved select a major just Get advice from because it is “cool” people in your or seems to promise target occupation prestige follow your passion let someone else Dare to try push you into a job Assume that you something new have it all figured out
Factors Affecting Career ChoicesInterests PersonalitySkills Life goalsAptitudes and workPeople skills valuesExperienceFamily traditions
Exploring Your InterestsHolland’s Hexagonal Model of Career Fields Realisti Investigativ c e Conventiona Artistic l Enterprisin Socia g l
Where to Go for Help Career center Faculty Upper-class students Student organizations Placement services
Become Knowledgeable About Careers Explore the Occupational Outlook Handbook at http://www.bls.gov/oco/ Research several careers, not just one Browse the Careers section of a local bookstore See a career counselor Scope out Internet resources Network--many people love to talk about their jobs!
Explore the Occupational Outlook Handbook http://www.bls.gov/oco/ Keep up w ith the occupational outlook for various fields. Get to know w hich ones are adding jobs and w hich ones are losing them. The Occupational Outlook Handbook is an excellent source, and is updated every tw o years. Good new s! Over the next few years, jobs requiring college degrees w ill be the fastest- grow ing and highest paying .
What to Look for in a Career Major career field target The type of people you would Preferred type of work interact with Income requirements Physical requirements Geographical requirements Local/national/international organization Special needs Benefits and perks Industry preferences Advancement opportunities Stress level A good boss Level of interaction with other Training people Industry outlook Indoor vs. outdoor Reputation of the firm in the Amount of independence industry Balance between creative and conventional tasks
Select Several Careers, Not Just One It’s a good idea to have several careers in mind rather than just one in your first year of college. Approximately 60% of students change their major at some point during their college career. It pays to be knowledgeable about more than just one career field. The average graduate changes their job seven times in their life. It also pays to develop a wide variety of general skills, particular those related to communication.
Network Check with people you know about career information. Networking can lead to meeting someone who may be able to answer your questions about a specific career or company. It is an effective way to learn about the type of training necessary for a particular position, what it took to get into the field, and the positive and negative aspects of the work. More and more professionals are active on online networks such as LinkedIn.com and Doostang.com. Some professionals even use Facebook to get in touch with others in their field…as well as research potential candidates.
Assess Your Skills Academic Strengths Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening Math Creative Thinking Problem Solving and Decision Making Personal Qualities Self-Esteem, Self-Management, Responsibility People Skills Social, Negotiation, Leadership, Teamwork
See a Career Counselor The career counselors at your college are trained professionals who can help you discover your strengths and weaknesses evaluate your values and goals sort through what type of career you want They will not tell you what to do, they will simply help identify what factors may lead to successful and interesting career options.
Questions for Academic Advisors What classes should I take this term and next? What sequence of classes should I take? Am I taking too many difficult classes in one term? What electives do you recommend? What career opportunities are there if I study mainly _____?
Getting Experience Volunteer or service learning Study abroad Internships/co-ops On-campus employment Student projects/competitions Research On-the-job training Apprenticeships
Research the Job Identify the skills and experience necessary to How big perform the job you want. will my Determine the general office be? requirements of the job. Learn about the day-to-day tasks and responsibilities. Research the company and employer. Determine the company’s philosophy. The more you know about the job, the stronger the candidate you will become.
Know What Employers Want Potential employers will look for evidence of your accomplishments and experiences. Did you hold leadership positions? Were you active in campus organizations or extracurricular activities? Did you have relevant experiences in co-op, internships, or part-time work? Did you make good grades? The more you have of these experiences, the better. Go by incognito and get the “lay of the land.” How do the employees dress, interact with each other, look for company policy wall signs and so on.
Building a Resume Put contact information at the top. State an objective if appropriate. List education to date. State accomplishments succinctly using action verbs. Separate w ork experience related to your major from other w ork experience. Include interests you w ant to talk about— they are often used to begin an interview . Even if the job isn’t related to your major, employers w ill w ant to see how your experience is relevant to the job.
Knock ‘Em Dead in a Job Interview The examples you give Ask appropriate job- of your past experiences is critical. related questions. Be able to show how Keep your cool. past experiences Remember, employers relate to this opportunity. are looking for Résumés are important competent people in getting you an with whom they want interview in the first place. Make yours to work. organized and clear. Prepare for the interview: research your prospective employer. Anticipate what you will be asked and practice interviewing.
Job Interviews (cont’d) Be able to answer basic questions: Why do you want this job? What are your strengths? Your weaknesses? What sets you apart from other candidates? If you decide you want the job, you may want to ask for it at the close of the interview. Type a brief follow-up letter to mail within 24 hours. Follow-up is key!What are other interview questions you’ve encountered?
Explore Relevant Part-Time and Summer Jobs Students benefit when their jobs are on campus. Investigate if there exists a part-time job in the department of your major. Advanced planning will help you obtain a summer job with a company related to your field. If you can’t find a related job, you can still demonstrate work-related skills and a work ethic that will impress prospective employers.
Get A Job--Activity 13.1 In your group, create a classified ad for the “job” of college student. For example, “_______________________ College/University is seeking applicants w ith excellent skills in oral and w ritten communication, problem solving, time management, and technology for positions as professional students preparing for a variety of future opportunities…” Ads should list particular job requirements, benefits, information about your institution and so on, and be transferred to a large sheet of paper to present to the group.
Internet Career Journey Activity 13.2Research a potentially desirable career via the Internet. Your goal should be to build a portfolio that includes: a printout or description of a career field of interest from the online Occupational Outlook Handbook a description of ten things you have learned about yourself and your career choices based on what you find a projection of your lifestyle twenty years into the future, including the career necessary to sustain that lifestyle, and other career-related factors of interest such as preparation required, necessary skills, additional training after college, pros and cons, entry salary range, advancement opportunities, personality characteristics of those in the career field,
Internet Career Journey Activity 13.2 --Web ResourcesOccupational Outlook The Riley Guide: Handbook Employment11_Careers_new.ppt Opportunities and Job Resources on theCareer Resource Center Internethttp://www.careers.org/ www.rileyguide.comJob Hunthttp://www.job-hunt.org Monster.com http://www.monster.comThe Catapult on Job W eb /http://www.job- hunt.org/ Quintessential Careers http://www.quintcareers.com/i ndex.html