OpenLayers 3 Crowdfunding - FOSS4G - 2013
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OpenLayers 3 Crowdfunding - FOSS4G - 2013

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Description of the crowdfunding effort for OpenLayers 3.

Description of the crowdfunding effort for OpenLayers 3.
Presented at Foss4g 2013.

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OpenLayers 3 Crowdfunding - FOSS4G - 2013 OpenLayers 3 Crowdfunding - FOSS4G - 2013 Presentation Transcript

  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo armasuisse Federal Office of Topography swisstopo OpenLayers 3 - How to successfully run a crowdfunding campaign for an OSS project Cédric Moullet Head of FSDI Web Infrastructure @cedricmoullet cedric.moullet@swisstopo.ch
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo geo.admin.ch vision Gather, optimise, network The vision and objectives of geo.admin.ch cover all of the institutional arrangements, activities and technical developments needed to establish an information technology platform for Swiss geospatial data and information in accordance with the new Geoinformation Act (GeoIG).
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Legal basis: Geoinformation Act (1.7.2008) Article 1: Aim This Act has the aim of ensuring that geodata relating to the territory of the Swiss Confederation is made available for general use to the authorities of the Confederation, the cantons and communes, the private sector, the public and to academic and scientific institutions in a sustainable, up-to-date, rapid and easy manner, in the required quality and at a reasonable cost.
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 200+ geodataset freely accessible in map.geo.admin.ch http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hrTPRyQUtok
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Context • Open Source • Development of new software library
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Open Source Community Structure Users Contributors Committers PSC Capacity to develop Capacity to finance
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Software development challenges in Open Source context 1. Federate developers 2. Federate funders 3. Formalize relationships: – Within developers – Within funders – Between developers and funders
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Crowdfunding definition “Crowdfunding (alternately crowd financing, equity crowdfunding, crowd-sourced fundraising) is the collective effort of individuals who network and pool their money, usually via the Internet, to support efforts initiated by other people or organizations.” Source: wikipédia
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Funding models • Feature oriented • Community oriented
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Funding models: «feature oriented» Funder B Feature B Bug B Commiter B Develops Commits Open Source Software Funder A Feature A Bug A Commiter A Develops Commits
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Funding models: «feature oriented» + Agile + Efficient in bugfixing/additional development phase - Lack of coordination / global responsibility - Not efficient for new development
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Funding models: «feature oriented plattforms» - one example
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Open Source Legal Entity (association, consortium) Funding models: «community oriented» Funder B Commiter B Open Source Software Funder A Commiter A Specifies Pays Commits Specifies Pays
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Funding models: «community oriented» + Global responsibility by the legal entity + Coordination by the legal entity + Efficient for new development - Requires consensus by the funders - Requires agreement between the main Open Source actors - Heavy for bugfixing/additional developments
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 1. Challenges: developers federation Feature oriented model Community oriented model • Probability that development is not accepted is quite high since one developer has not the full power on the community. • Probability that features are heterogeneous is quite high since no global coordination occurs • Probability that development is well accepted is quite high since the legal entity represents the majority of PSC members and committters • Probability that features are homogeneous is quite high since a coordination occurs
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 2. Challenges: funders federation Feature oriented model Community oriented model • Difficulty to define a global feature list • Funders focus on their specific needs • Possibility to agree on a global feature list • Possibility to encourage the funding (“follow me”)
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 3. Challenges: formalize relationships Feature oriented model Community oriented model • No relationships between developers • Funders have no relationships • Funders can request/contract only the features they pay • Developers are coordinated within the legal entity • Funders have a loose relationships, mainly based on confidence • Bilateral contracts between funders and legal entity • Possibility for the funders to specify all the features but only to pay some of them (if the legal entity accepts it)
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Funding models comparison (new development) Feature oriented Community oriented 0 +Perennity 0 +Cost sharing 0 -Control 0 -Ensure result 0 -Legal basis 0 +Future developments 0 +Benefits for others
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Funding «OpenLayers 3» swisstopo direction decided in 2012 to finance 100 kUSD if a global amount of 350 kUSD can be found. «Community oriented» funding model has been chosen. 100+ crowdfunders (individuals, companies, administrations) have been found in one month for 350 kUSD.
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Funding «OpenLayers 3» phases 1. Initialization: discuss / feel the need 2. Objectives definition 3. Crowdfunding campaign 4. Contract 5. Development 6. Usage
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Crowdfunding tips and tricks • Think worldwide • Interest the Open Source community • Direct and personal contacts are more efficient • Important contributions can be found by companies and administrations • Less important contributions of individuals are still important since they show the interest/acceptance of the Open Source community
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Crowdfunding issues • An Open Source community is not a legal entity -> the important Open Source members have to create a legal entity (like an association or a consortium) in order to be able to make a contract with it. • Legal difficulty to bind the contributions/requirements, particularly if various jurisdictions are present -> possibility for contributors to make a “research contract” with the legal entity.
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Results from the geo.admin.ch perspective • New geoportal will be based on a modern web mapping library. • Perennity of this library is ensured by the fact that the major actors have participated to its creation. • Relatively modest investment. • Other entities (countries, cantons, cities, companies, privates etc…) can benefit of this work.
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo
  • Federal Office of Topography swisstopo www.geo.admin.ch map.geo.admin.ch api.geo.admin.ch info@geo.admin.ch Twitter: @swiss_geoportal THANK YOU