armasuisse                     Federal Office of Topography swisstopo                     COSIGCloud Computing for Spatial...
Top News ! The European Union made a move on Thursday to get its foot in the cloud computing door, saying it could deliver...
Federal Office of Topographyswisstopo•       Federal Geo-Information center•       321 employees•       Producer of the sw...
Agenda•  What is cloud computing ?•  Cloud Computing Benefits•  The Federal Spatial Data Infrastructure•  Cloud Computing ...
Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»Let’s use a simple analogy                                          Say you just mo...
Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»                                         You can either                            ...
Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»If you build a house, there are a fewimportant decisions you have to make…   Federa...
Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»How big is the house?are you planning to grow a large family?  Remodel, addition ty...
Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»  But, you get a chance to customize it                  flooring  tile            ...
Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»Once the house is built,you’re responsible for maintenance                         ...
Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»                        How about renting         ?Federal Office of Topography swi...
Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»Consider a builder in your city buildsa   massive                                  ...
Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»A unit can easily be convertedinto a 2,3,4 or more units   Federal Office of Topogr...
Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»                                         You make a fewer,                         ...
Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»        But…You do not have  a lot of options tocustomize your unit    Federal Offi...
Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»                                                    triple pane windows            ...
Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»No need to               worry about maintenance cost                            No...
Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»    Pay as You Go                                         Just pay your         ren...
What is cloud computing ? Cloud computing is the use of computing resources (hardware and software) that are delivered as ...
Main cloud computing models Software as Service (SaaS) Software as a service, sometimes referred to as "on-demand software...
Main cloud computing models                               Desktop and business applicationsSaaS                           ...
Cloud ComputingBuying services insteadof buying hardware andsoftware Federal Office of Topography swisstopo   Designation ...
Cloud Computing deployment models Public cloud Public cloud applications, storage, and other resources are made available ...
Cloud ComputingIT as a service ! Federal Office of Topography swisstopo   Designation of this project / as at TT/MM/JJ   2...
Hype Cycle for cloud computingFederal Office of Topography swisstopo   25COSIG
Agenda•  What is cloud computing ?•  Cloud Computing Benefits•  The Federal Spatial Data Infrastructure•  Cloud Computing ...
Elastic Capacity•      Scaling up and … down in minutes•      No provision•      Use only ressources that you need•      M...
Elastic CapacityFederal Office of Topography swisstopo   28COSIG
Elastic CapacityFederal Office of Topography swisstopo   29COSIG
Elastic Capacity   Traditional IT                                           Cloud ComputingServer number                  ...
Elastic Capacity                                         SourceFederal Office of Topography swisstopo     31COSIG
Quick deployment•  No more IT Infrastructure barrier•  Instantaneous provisioning•  Shorter development cycles  Federal Of...
No initial investmentFederal Office of Topography swisstopo   33COSIG
Pay for what you use•  CPU per hours•  Gigabyte (storage and transfer) per month•  Turn on/off ressources Federal Office o...
IT Infrastructure as API•  IT Infrastructure is automated•  Focus on you business•  Reuse, not reinvent the wheel Federal ...
Agenda•  What is cloud computing ?•  Cloud computing benefits•  The Federal Spatial Data Infrastructure•  Cloud computing ...
60-80%                                 OF ALL DECISIONS TAKEN                                 IN OUR WORLD CAN BE         ...
SWISS LAWFederal Act on Geoinformation (GeoIG), 1. July 2008Art. 1 AimThis Act has the aim of ensuring that geodata relati...
National MapFederal Office of Topography swisstopo      39COSIG
Aerial ImageryFederal Office of Topography swisstopo    40COSIG
TLMFederal Office of Topography swisstopo         41COSIG
Cadastral Web MapFederal Office of Topography swisstopo   42COSIG
AddressesFederal Office of Topography swisstopo        43COSIG
swissALTI3DFederal Office of Topography swisstopo     44COSIG
Aeronautical ChartFederal Office of Topography swisstopo   45COSIG
Land OccupancyFederal Office of Topography swisstopo   46COSIG
Road Traffic NoiseFederal Office of Topography swisstopo   47COSIG
Historical RoutesFederal Office of Topography swisstopo   48COSIG
Dufour MapFederal Office of Topography swisstopo       49COSIG
Siegfried MapFederal Office of Topography swisstopo     50COSIG
166                                         layers available                                                    On 23.9.20...
on mobile, too ;-) Federal Office of Topography swisstopo   52 COSIG
KML ImportFederal Office of Topography swisstopo       53COSIG
MeasureFederal Office of Topography swisstopo             54COSIG
ProfileFederal Office of Topography swisstopo             55COSIG
WMS ImportFederal Office of Topography swisstopo     56COSIG
DrawingFederal Office of Topography swisstopo             57COSIG
PrintFederal Office of Topography swisstopo           58COSIG
APIFederal Office of Topography swisstopo         59COSIG
1            portail                            5            languages                          100            servers    ...
Thanks to Cloud ComputingFederal Office of Topography swisstopo   61COSIG
Agenda•  What is cloud computing ?•  Cloud computing benefits•  The Federal Spatial Data Infrastructure•  Cloud computing ...
Cloud Computing & FSDI: IaaS Model                                swisstopo’s choice                                    In...
Cloud Computing & FSDI: HistoryJanuary 2008Request for the map application of «SchweizMobil»April 2008Go-Live «SchweizMobi...
Why cloud computing ?Boost innovation•  Offer services that were previously not   implementable (…bandwidth of 500 MB/s)• ...
Why cloud computing ?Focus on your business•  Rent IT ressources, don’t manage them     Federal Office of Topography swiss...
Why cloud computing ?Cost Reduction•  From 25’000 EUR/server to 6000 EUR/server8 physical servers: 200’000 EUR/year (maint...
Why cloud computing ?Flexibility•  Generate millions of tiles in one night•  Adapt infrastructure to customer usage•  FSDI...
Why cloud computing ?Improve security•  Compliance with high security standards (ISO   27001, SOC 1/SSAE 16/ISAE 3402 etc…...
Why cloud computing ?Improve availability99.95 % availability(24/24 – 7/7) in 2012      Federal Office of Topography swiss...
Why cloud computing ?Improve customer services•  No slashdot effect•  New services are implementable in weeks•  React fast...
Keep in mind•  Cloud offers are not standardized. Cloud API’s   are not standardized. -> Provider dependency   has to be e...
CONCLUSION"FSDI customers and visitors benefit of aperforming and flexible spatial data infrastructurebased on public clou...
THANK YOU                           www.geo.admin.ch                            map.geo.admin.ch                          ...
Agenda•  What is cloud computing ?•  Cloud computing benefits•  The Federal Spatial Data Infrastructure•  Cloud computing ...
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Cloud Computing & Spatial Data Infrastructure - 2012

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Eurogeographics Presentation about FSDI and Cloud Computing
Swiss Federal Spatial Data Infrastructure

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Cloud Computing & Spatial Data Infrastructure - 2012

  1. 1. armasuisse Federal Office of Topography swisstopo COSIGCloud Computing for SpatialData Infrastructure4 years experience by swisstopoEurogeographics Webinar – 2.10.2012Cédric Moullet
  2. 2. Top News ! The European Union made a move on Thursday to get its foot in the cloud computing door, saying it could deliver 2.5 million new jobs to Europe. redOrbit (http://s.tt/1oy8v)Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 2COSIG
  3. 3. Federal Office of Topographyswisstopo•  Federal Geo-Information center•  321 employees•  Producer of the swiss national maps•  Operator of the swiss Federal Spatial Data Infrastructure (FSDI)•  Provider of about 80 geoservices and web mapping applications federated under «geo.admin.ch: the geoportal of the Swiss Confederation»www.swisstopo.admin.ch – www.geo.admin.chFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 3COSIG
  4. 4. Agenda•  What is cloud computing ?•  Cloud Computing Benefits•  The Federal Spatial Data Infrastructure•  Cloud Computing and FSDI•  QuestionsFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 4COSIG
  5. 5. Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»Let’s use a simple analogy Say you just moved to a city, and you’re looking for a place to live Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 5 COSIG
  6. 6. Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused» You can either Build a house or Rent an apartmentFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 6COSIG
  7. 7. Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»If you build a house, there are a fewimportant decisions you have to make… Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 7 COSIG
  8. 8. Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»How big is the house?are you planning to grow a large family? Remodel, addition typically cost a lot more once the house is built Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 8 COSIG
  9. 9. Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused» But, you get a chance to customize it flooring tile windows Roof floor planlighting COSIG landscaping Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 9
  10. 10. Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»Once the house is built,you’re responsible for maintenance Pay property taxHire Landscaper WaterPlumber Electrician Electricity Heating and Cooling Gutter Cleaning House Keeping Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 10 COSIG
  11. 11. Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused» How about renting ?Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 11COSIG
  12. 12. Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»Consider a builder in your city buildsa massive number ofapartment units Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 12 COSIG
  13. 13. Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»A unit can easily be convertedinto a 2,3,4 or more units Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 13 COSIG
  14. 14. Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused» You make a fewer, simpler decisions You can start with one unit and grow later, or downsizeFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 14COSIG
  15. 15. Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused» But…You do not have a lot of options tocustomize your unit Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 15 COSIG
  16. 16. Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused» triple pane windows green materials high capacity electricity high speed InternetHowever, builders provide you withvery high quality infrastructure Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 16 COSIG
  17. 17. Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused»No need to worry about maintenance cost No need to Hire landscapers, Federal Office of Topography swisstopo electricians, plumbers 17 COSIG
  18. 18. Slides stolen from «I’m cloud confused» Pay as You Go Just pay your rent and utilitiesFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 18COSIG
  19. 19. What is cloud computing ? Cloud computing is the use of computing resources (hardware and software) that are delivered as a service over a network (typically the Internet). Wikipedia Cloud Computing is a new way of delivering computing resources, not a new technology. European Network and Information Security Agency, Cloud Computing, 2009Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 19COSIG
  20. 20. Main cloud computing models Software as Service (SaaS) Software as a service, sometimes referred to as "on-demand software", is a software delivery model in which software and associated data are centrally hosted on the cloud. Wikipedia Platform as a Service (PaaS) Platform as a service (PaaS) is a service that provide a computing platform and a solution stack (database, web server etc..) as a service. Wikipedia Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) Infrastructure as a Service is a provision model in which an organization outsources the equipment used to support operations, including storage, hardware, servers and networking components. Search Cloud ComputingFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 20COSIG
  21. 21. Main cloud computing models Desktop and business applicationsSaaS Software platform to host cloud based enterprise applicationsPaaS Servers, storageIaaS Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 21 COSIG
  22. 22. Cloud ComputingBuying services insteadof buying hardware andsoftware Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Designation of this project / as at TT/MM/JJ 22 COSIG
  23. 23. Cloud Computing deployment models Public cloud Public cloud applications, storage, and other resources are made available to the general public by a service provider. Community cloud Community cloud shares infrastructure between several organizations from a specific community with common concerns (security, compliance, jurisdiction, etc.), whether managed internally or by a third-party and hosted internally or externally. Private cloud Private cloud is cloud infrastructure operated solely for a single organization, whether managed internally or by a third-party and hosted internally or externally. Hybrid cloud Hybrid cloud is a composition of two or more clouds (private, community or public) that are bound together.Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 23COSIG Wikipedia
  24. 24. Cloud ComputingIT as a service ! Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Designation of this project / as at TT/MM/JJ 24 COSIG
  25. 25. Hype Cycle for cloud computingFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 25COSIG
  26. 26. Agenda•  What is cloud computing ?•  Cloud Computing Benefits•  The Federal Spatial Data Infrastructure•  Cloud Computing and FSDI•  QuestionsFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 26COSIG
  27. 27. Elastic Capacity•  Scaling up and … down in minutes•  No provision•  Use only ressources that you need•  Manage unepected peaks (slashdots effects) Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 27 COSIG
  28. 28. Elastic CapacityFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 28COSIG
  29. 29. Elastic CapacityFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 29COSIG
  30. 30. Elastic Capacity Traditional IT Cloud ComputingServer number Server number Success breakdown Performance limit Load Overcapacity Overcapacity Load Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 30 COSIG
  31. 31. Elastic Capacity SourceFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 31COSIG
  32. 32. Quick deployment•  No more IT Infrastructure barrier•  Instantaneous provisioning•  Shorter development cycles Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 32 COSIG
  33. 33. No initial investmentFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 33COSIG
  34. 34. Pay for what you use•  CPU per hours•  Gigabyte (storage and transfer) per month•  Turn on/off ressources Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 34 COSIG
  35. 35. IT Infrastructure as API•  IT Infrastructure is automated•  Focus on you business•  Reuse, not reinvent the wheel Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 35 COSIG
  36. 36. Agenda•  What is cloud computing ?•  Cloud computing benefits•  The Federal Spatial Data Infrastructure•  Cloud computing and FSDI•  QuestionsFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 36COSIG
  37. 37. 60-80% OF ALL DECISIONS TAKEN IN OUR WORLD CAN BE RELATED TO GEOINFORMATION Coopers and Lybrand, 1996Federal Office of Topography swisstopo Designation of this project / as at TT/MM/JJ 37COSIG
  38. 38. SWISS LAWFederal Act on Geoinformation (GeoIG), 1. July 2008Art. 1 AimThis Act has the aim of ensuring that geodata relating to the territory ofthe Swiss Confederation is made available for general use to theauthorities of the Confederation, the cantons and communes, the privatesector, the public and to academic and scientific institutions in asustainable, up-to-date, rapid and easy manner, in the requiredquality and at a reasonable cost. Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 38 COSIG
  39. 39. National MapFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 39COSIG
  40. 40. Aerial ImageryFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 40COSIG
  41. 41. TLMFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 41COSIG
  42. 42. Cadastral Web MapFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 42COSIG
  43. 43. AddressesFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 43COSIG
  44. 44. swissALTI3DFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 44COSIG
  45. 45. Aeronautical ChartFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 45COSIG
  46. 46. Land OccupancyFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 46COSIG
  47. 47. Road Traffic NoiseFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 47COSIG
  48. 48. Historical RoutesFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 48COSIG
  49. 49. Dufour MapFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 49COSIG
  50. 50. Siegfried MapFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 50COSIG
  51. 51. 166 layers available On 23.9.2012Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 51COSIG
  52. 52. on mobile, too ;-) Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 52 COSIG
  53. 53. KML ImportFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 53COSIG
  54. 54. MeasureFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 54COSIG
  55. 55. ProfileFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 55COSIG
  56. 56. WMS ImportFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 56COSIG
  57. 57. DrawingFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 57COSIG
  58. 58. PrintFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 58COSIG
  59. 59. APIFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 59COSIG
  60. 60. 1 portail 5 languages 100 servers 166 datasets 500 MB/s bandwidth 1’300 tiles /s 50’000 visits/day 1’500’000’000 tilesFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 60COSIG
  61. 61. Thanks to Cloud ComputingFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 61COSIG
  62. 62. Agenda•  What is cloud computing ?•  Cloud computing benefits•  The Federal Spatial Data Infrastructure•  Cloud computing and FSDI•  QuestionsFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 62COSIG
  63. 63. Cloud Computing & FSDI: IaaS Model swisstopo’s choice Infrastructure Platform Software Traditional as a Service as a Service as a Service (On Premise) (IaaS) (PaaS) (SaaS) Apps& Services Apps & Services Applications Applications VM VM Services Services Server Server Server Server Storage Storage Storage Storage Network Network Network Network Organization has Organization shares control Cloud Provider has control and bears and responsibility with Cloud control and bears responsibility Provider responsibilityFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 63COSIG
  64. 64. Cloud Computing & FSDI: HistoryJanuary 2008Request for the map application of «SchweizMobil»April 2008Go-Live «SchweizMobil v.1» (Cluster with 1 phys. nnd 3 EC2 Servers with AWS … BETA)July 2008Federal act on Geoinformation (GeoIG)February 2009Start of the migration of FSDI (8 Servers) in Public CloudMarch 2009Go-Live «SchweizMobil v.2» (Cluster with 10 EC2 Servers)August 2010Go-Live «geo.admin.ch: the geoportal of the Swiss Confederation»January 2011Finalization of the migration of the FSDI in Public Cloud (60 EC2 Servers, 100 TB)September 2011«geo.admin.ch» goes mobile!September 2012Trafic record, 100 EC2 servers Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 64 COSIG
  65. 65. Why cloud computing ?Boost innovation•  Offer services that were previously not implementable (…bandwidth of 500 MB/s)•  «Start 10 servers …in 10 minutes … and stop them 10 minutes later» Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 65 COSIG
  66. 66. Why cloud computing ?Focus on your business•  Rent IT ressources, don’t manage them Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 66 COSIG
  67. 67. Why cloud computing ?Cost Reduction•  From 25’000 EUR/server to 6000 EUR/server8 physical servers: 200’000 EUR/year (maintenance + investition costs)100 cloud servers: 600’000 EUR/year (maintenance + investition costs)•  No investition cost•  Infrastructure is never obsolete Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 67 COSIG
  68. 68. Why cloud computing ?Flexibility•  Generate millions of tiles in one night•  Adapt infrastructure to customer usage•  FSDI can be hosted on whatever cloud provider (thanks to automation and OpenSource)•  Faster time to market. An IT ressource is «only» an API call. Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 68 COSIG
  69. 69. Why cloud computing ?Improve security•  Compliance with high security standards (ISO 27001, SOC 1/SSAE 16/ISAE 3402 etc…)•  Automation allows faster patching•  Data centers are located on several places worldwide. Possibility to use various locations•  Big players will not play with security. It’s the hearth of their business, and not of your business. Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 69 COSIG
  70. 70. Why cloud computing ?Improve availability99.95 % availability(24/24 – 7/7) in 2012 Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 70 COSIG
  71. 71. Why cloud computing ?Improve customer services•  No slashdot effect•  New services are implementable in weeks•  React fast to customer requests•  No downtime (…almost: status.geo.admin.ch) Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 71 COSIG
  72. 72. Keep in mind•  Cloud offers are not standardized. Cloud API’s are not standardized. -> Provider dependency has to be evaluated.•  Be careful with private and sensitive data. -> Hybrid cloud has to be evaluated•  You still need sysadmins to manage your IT.•  Usually, the current applications have to be migrated to the cloud in order to use it efficiently (clustering, load balancing etc…). Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 72 COSIG
  73. 73. CONCLUSION"FSDI customers and visitors benefit of aperforming and flexible spatial data infrastructurebased on public cloud computing" Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 73 COSIG
  74. 74. THANK YOU www.geo.admin.ch map.geo.admin.ch api.geo.admin.ch info@geo.admin.ch Twitter: @swiss_geoportal Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 74 COSIG
  75. 75. Agenda•  What is cloud computing ?•  Cloud computing benefits•  The Federal Spatial Data Infrastructure•  Cloud computing and FSDI•  QuestionsFederal Office of Topography swisstopo 75COSIG
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