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Versioning, Test Driven Development and Continuous Integration: how to setup up a stable javascript continuous integration environment and why you need it. Through a real life example, it explains all ...

Versioning, Test Driven Development and Continuous Integration: how to setup up a stable javascript continuous integration environment and why you need it. Through a real life example, it explains all the benefits of having real control over javascript codebase and analyses developer and webapps needs and the tools that fit those requirements.

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jsDay - Javascript as a programming language jsDay - Javascript as a programming language Presentation Transcript

  • Javascript As AProgramming Language
  • IS Javascript As AProgramming LanguageVersioning, Test Driven Development & Continuous Integration http://joind.in/3354
  • Hello, who’s speaking?
  • Hello, who’s speaking? Marco Cedaro @cedmax
  • Hello, who’s speaking? Marco Cedaro @cedmax They said I am a... Frontend Cowboy Nicola Vitto
  • Hello, who’s speaking? Marco Cedaro @cedmax They said I am a... Frontend Cowboy Nicola Vitto Javascript Pervert Roberto Felter
  • Hello, who’s speaking? Marco Cedaro @cedmax They said I am a... Frontend Cowboy Nicola Vitto Javascript Pervert Roberto Felter Perfect Stranger basically anyone else
  • Hello, who’s speaking? Marco Cedaro @cedmax Actually I am: Platform Software Developer at Yoox Group, currently in charge of js architecture development
  • Hello, who’s speaking? Marco Cedaro @cedmax Actually I am: Platform Software Developer at Yoox Group, currently in charge of js architecture development Frontend Meetup organizer with From The Front
  • Hello, who’s speaking? Marco Cedaro @cedmax Actually I am: Platform Software Developer at Yoox Group, currently in charge of js architecture development Frontend Meetup organizer with From The Front and a javascript pervert
  • 1. Disclaimer 2. You Need a Strategy 3. Continuous Integration4. Choose Your Tools 5. The Environment 6. In The Wild 1. Disclaimer
  • 1. Disclaimer 2. You Need a Strategy 3. Continuous Integration4. Choose Your Tools 5. The Environment 6. In The Wild 1. Disclaimer
  • DISCLAIMERAlways code as if the guy who ends upmaintaining your code will be a violentpsychopath who knows where you live Martin Golding
  • REAL DISCLAIMERJavascript is not jQuery Let’s say it all together: “Javascript is not jQuery” What do you mean? I mean that Javascript is not just something you find online, cut and paste in a <script> just before the end of the </body>
  • Not jQuery’s faultjQuery is extremely powerfulbut...WITH GREAT POWER THEREMUST ALSO COME - - GREATRESPONSABILITY! ** original sentence from 1962 first spiderman story
  • The right tool in wrong hands but who cares? as long as interaction is held by: designers that aren’t exactly aware of what they are doing backend developers even worse: they mostly don’t even care about what’s happening clientside as long as everything works
  • Not a “merchant of complexity” we don’t need just to let stuff work we don’t need complexity either we need a strategy to let code be maintainable and reusable
  • is it about simplicity?it isnt there’s a lot of people who hides their ignorance behind simplicity we have to claim our role in development roadmap and business strategy, because...
  • Javascript is a serious business
  • 1. Disclaimer 2. You Need a Strategy 3. Continuous Integration4. Choose Your Tools 5. The Environment 6. In The Wild 2.You Need a Strategy
  • 1. Disclaimer 2. You Need a Strategy 3. Continuous Integration4. Choose Your Tools 5. The Environment 6. In The Wild 2.You Need a Strategy
  • YOU NEED A STRATEGY Whats the use of running if you are not on the right road German proverb
  • YOU NEED A STRATEGY Why do you need a strategy? you need a strategy because best practices and design patterns are the same in a 4 guys based company as well as in a large corporate.
  • It doesn’t really matter if you are working at facebook, soundcloud or by yourself in a small office. How many people code?
  • A real life example Small Web Agency 1 designer, 2 developers and a lot of small website with low maintenance rate.
  • The designerintroduces a slider on 5 websites:”it’s cool on apple store”.The developer gets a jQuery plugin online a SLIDER’s Story
  • The designerintroduces a slider on 5 Major release of the websites: most used browser.”it’s cool on apple store”. A small fix has been released, they have to changeThe developer gets a jQuery 5 files in 5 different projects. plugin online a SLIDER’s Story
  • The designer Oh damn! There’s nointroduces a slider on 5 Major release of the mouse wheel websites: most used browser. integration!”it’s cool on apple store”. A small fix has been released, they have to change should they ask for supportThe developer gets a jQuery 5 files in 5 different projects. or should they change the plugin online library by themself? a SLIDER’s Story
  • Am I the only one orthere’s something wrong?
  • Just a spoonful of sugar... We need to manage codebase just in one place We need to be able to continue development without regression We need to use stable versions of our libraries
  • 1. Disclaimer 2. You Need a Strategy 3. Continuous Integration4. Choose Your Tools 5. The Environment 6. In The Wild 3. Continuous Integration
  • 1. Disclaimer 2. You Need a Strategy 3. Continuous Integration4. Choose Your Tools 5. The Environment 6. In The Wild 3. Continuous Integration
  • Continuous Integration A software development practice where members of a team integrate their work frequently. Each integration is verified by an automated build to detect integration errors as quickly as possible. Martin Fowler CI is about the fundamentals. If we don’t focus on the fundamentals we’ll be forced to perform low-level tasks later, usually at the most inconvenient times Paul Duvall, Continuous Integration
  • I Build So Consistently
  • I Build So Consistentlyidentify
  • I Build So Consistently buildidentify
  • I Build So Consistently buildidentify share
  • I Build So Consistently buildidentify share make it continuous
  • How does this fit our needs?
  • codebase just in one place setup an isolated repository for reused libraries share the code through a CI process resolve dependency on websites
  • continue development without regressionvalidate the coderun unit test against errors (both coding and logic)version the shared code against interface changes
  • stable versionsuse a declared semantic versioninguse a file system based pattern: //jsRepo/dist/yourscript-1.0.0/yourscript.js //jsRepo/dist/yourscript-1.0.0.jsnever modify already released versions increase version number instead
  • Unit & Functional an overview
  • Unit & Functional an overview
  • Unit & Functional an overview
  • Unit & Functional an overview
  • Unit & Functional an overview is it red? is it a 4x2 block? is the roof red? is it made to fit is there a porch?well other block? is there a door?
  • Unit vs Functional test consistency controltest cross interaction against execution test over browser between external time integration codebase libraries changes
  • Test Driven Development
  • You will, eventually..
  • Everyone should be happy
  • KISS Keep it Simple & SmartDon’t over-engineer it: you will eventually regret everysingle useless complexity you will introduce
  • 1. Disclaimer 2. You Need a Strategy 3. Continuous Integration4. Choose Your Tools 5. The Environment 6. In The Wild 4. Choose Your Tools
  • 1. Disclaimer 2. You Need a Strategy 3. Continuous Integration4. Choose Your Tools 5. The Environment 6. In The Wild 4. Choose Your Tools
  • CHOOSE YOUR TOOLS A man cannot be too careful in the choice of his enemies Oscar Wilde
  • Another Neat ToolSimply saying the documentation sucks doesnt do any good Larry V. Streepy - Ant Mailing List 06.06.2001
  • Another Neat ToolSimply saying the documentation sucks doesnt do any good Larry V. Streepy - Ant Mailing List 06.06.2001He was right: 10 years later ANT documentation still sucks but ANT is a solidchoice in build automation configuration.
  • ANTXML driven: simple and straightforwarda standardthere are a lot of implementations and plugins every tool in this presentation is easily capable to be used in Ant build process
  • ANT - AlternativesThere are a lot of valuable Ant alternatives. Choose the one that fits better your needs
  • Code Base: CODE QUALITY VALIDATOR UNIT TEST RUNNERWebsites: DEPENDENCY RESOLVER CODE MINIFIER
  • Code Base: JSLINT JS TEST DRIVERWebsites: DEPENDENCY RESOLVER CODE MINIFIER
  • JsLintjavascript execution often runs into silent errors due to itsbad parts (ref. Javascript the Good Parts, Crockford) and Lint, most oftimes, avoids those problemsand, most of all, you can have full control on how code iswritten in the team
  • JS Test DriverJs Test Driver is the most complete javascript unit test runneravailable external api integration jasmine and qunit as well as its own api test report console return and junit compatible report smooth integration both locally and on a build machine
  • How does it work?It runs a serveropens browsersruns test suitesretrieves results on the consolecreates a JUnit report
  • Pitfalls?testing asynchronous execution is a mess
  • Sinon.jsa standalone javascript library with unit test utilities fake server manage server response in order to test ajax interaction fake timer in order to test timeouts, intervals, animation callbacks... spy, stub & mock in order to make advanced assertions on object interaction
  • JS Test Driver - Alternatives #1 Env.JS a javascript DOM implementation in javascript engines: it is possible to fake browser execution and run unit tests. PROS: really fast, easily integrated in build CONS: it is all fake
  • JS Test Driver - Alternatives #2 PhantomJS It is a minimalistic, headless, WebKit-based, JavaScript-driven tool upon which is possible to build unit test. PROS: fast, integrable in build, real browser engine CONS: only WebKit
  • JS Test Driver - Alternatives #3 TestSwarm It is a John Resig’s project of Distributed Continuous Integration released in 2009 as an official Mozilla Labs project (not anymore). PROS: replaces all tools in a all-in-one solution, not only js test driver CONS: its in alpha since 2009
  • JS Test Driver - Alternatives #4 Yeti it stands for Yahoo Easy Test Interface and it is a very promising unit test runner, potentially the most suitable alternative. PROS: a real, stable alternative CONS: strictly tied to YUI framework test and build on node.js (a mess on windows: it requires cygwin)
  • Code Base: JSLINT JS TEST DRIVERWebsites: DEPENDENCY RESOLVER CODE MINIFIER
  • Code Base: JSLINT JS TEST DRIVERWebsites: APACHE IVY YUI COMPRESSOR
  • Apache IvyIvy is a simple, powerful and well documented dependencymanagerIt has a full integration in ANT build systemand, again, it’s really simple, especially if you keep a file systembased versioning.
  • Ivy AlternativesIs there any alternative? I haven’t found anything simple enough to compete with Ivy straightforwardness: the other solutions I’ve found drove me nuts
  • Yui Compressorwe don’t really need Yui Compressor to set up ourenvironment, but why should we publish uncompressed js forour websites? I don’t want to introduce the performance topic but if you do... DON’T
  • Yui Compressor Alternatives Packer is quite powerful in terms of filesize, but it introduces processing time lag Google Closure in simple mode is similar to yui (except for the fact that yui is more consolidated in time), in advanced mode is unsafe to use if you are not exactly aware of what kind of optimization your code will pass through Uglify has good points but it’s build upon node.js (again on windows is a mess) and, as for closure, you’d better know what will happen to your code
  • 1. Disclaimer 2. You Need a Strategy 3. Continuous Integration4. Choose Your Tools 5. The Environment 6. In The Wild 5. The Environment
  • 1. Disclaimer 2. You Need a Strategy 3. Continuous Integration4. Choose Your Tools 5. The Environment 6. In The Wild 5. The Environment
  • THE ENVIRONMENT I like boring things Andy Warhol
  • Javascript Repository
  • Javascript Repository/ dist libs src tools build.xml
  • Javascript Repository/ dist libs src tools build.xml /tools/ jslint JsTestDriver-1.3.1
  • Javascript Repository/ /src/ dist form-validator libs slider src src tools slider.js build.xml test slider.test.js /tools/ jsTestDriver.conf jslint version.prop JsTestDriver-1.3.1 twitter-widget ...
  • Javascript Repository /libs/ jquery-1.5.1.min.js sinon-1.0.0.js/ /src/ dist form-validator libs slider src src tools slider.js build.xml test slider.test.js /tools/ jsTestDriver.conf jslint version.prop JsTestDriver-1.3.1 twitter-widget ...
  • Javascript Repository /libs/ jquery-1.5.1.min.js sinon-1.0.0.js/ /src/ dist form-validator libs slider src src tools slider.js build.xml test slider.test.js /tools/ jsTestDriver.conf jslint version.prop JsTestDriver-1.3.1 twitter-widget ...
  • basepath: ../..server: http://127.0.0.1:9876load: - libs/sinon-1.0.0.js - libs/jquery-1.5.1.min.js - src/slider/src/slider.js - src/slider/test/slider.test.js JsTestDriver.conf
  • Lets code
  • Testvar test = new TestCase("Slider.test", { setUp: function(){ }, tearDown: function(){ }}); Codevar slider;
  • Testvar test = new TestCase("Slider.test", { setUp: function(){ /*:DOC += <ul id="foo"><li></li><li></li></ul> */ }, tearDown: function(){ }}); Codevar slider;
  • Testvar test = new TestCase("Slider.test", { setUp: function(){ /*:DOC += <ul id="foo"><li></li><li></li></ul> */ }, testSliderIsAPlugin: function(){ var test = function(){ $("slidable").slider(); }; assertNoException(test); }, tearDown: function(){ }}); Codevar slider;
  • JS Test Driver in action
  • Testvar test = new TestCase("Slider.test", { setUp: function(){ /*:DOC += <ul id="foo"><li></li><li></li></ul> */ }, testSliderIsAPlugin: function(){ var test = function(){ $("slidable").slider(); }; assertNoException(test); }, tearDown: function(){ }}); Codevar slider;
  • Testvar test = new TestCase("Slider.test", { setUp: function(){ /*:DOC += <ul id="foo"><li></li><li></li></ul> */ }, testSliderIsAPlugin: function(){ var test = function(){ $("slidable").slider(); }; assertNoException(test); }, tearDown: function(){ }}); Code(function($){ $.fn.slider = function(){};}(jQuery));
  • JS Test Driver in action
  • Javascript Repository /libs/ jquery-1.5.1.min.js sinon-1.0.0.js/ /src/ dist form-validator libs slider src src tools slider.js build.xml test slider.test.js /tools/ jsTestDriver.conf jslint version.prop JsTestDriver-1.3.1 twitter-widget ...
  • Javascript Repository /dist/ /libs/ form-validator-1.0.0 jquery-1.5.1.min.js form-validator-1.1.0 sinon-1.0.0.js slider-1.0.0/ /src/ dist slider.min.js form-validator libs twitter-widget-1.0.0 slider src twitter-widget-1.0.1 src tools twitter-widget-2.0.0 slider.js build.xml ... test slider.test.js /tools/ jsTestDriver.conf jslint version.prop JsTestDriver-1.3.1 twitter-widget ...
  • Website Solution
  • Website Solution/ css img inc scripts .htaccess index.php
  • Website Solution /scripts/ public/ css src img tools inc apache-ivy-2.2.0 scripts yui-compressor-2.4.6 .htaccess ivy-settings.xml index.php mywebapp.xml ivy.xml
  • Website Solution /scripts/ public/ css src img tools inc apache-ivy-2.2.0 scripts yui-compressor-2.4.6 .htaccess ivy-settings.xml index.php mywebapp.xml ivy.xml
  • <ivysettings> <settings defaultResolver="JSResolver"/> <resolvers> <url name="JSResolver" checkmodified="true"> <artifact pattern="//jsRepo/dist/[module]-[revision]/[module].js" /> </url> </resolvers> <caches defaultCacheDir="${basedir}/.artifacts" artifactPattern="[organization]/[module]-[revision].js" /> <property name="ivy.artifactproperty.name" value="[organization].[module]" /> <property name="ivy.artifactproperty.value" value="[organization]/[module]-[revision].js" /></ivysettings>
  • <ivy-module version="2.0"> <info organisation="libs" module="myWebSite" /> <dependencies> <dependency org="libs" name="slider" rev="1.0.0"/> <dependency org="libs" name="twitter-widget" rev="2.0.0"/> <dependency org="libs" name="form-validator" rev="1.1.0"/> </dependencies></ivy-module> ivy.xml
  • 1. Disclaimer 2. You Need a Strategy 3. Continuous Integration4. Choose Your Tools 5. The Environment 6. In The Wild 6. In The Wild
  • 1. Disclaimer 2. You Need a Strategy 3. Continuous Integration4. Choose Your Tools 5. The Environment 6. In The Wild 6. In The Wild
  • IN THE WILDIn the wild, there is no health care. Dwight Schrute (the office)
  • what is it about?control & knowledge
  • Inversion of control freakness I am not a control freak.Gain control and then leave to themachine the responsibility to check everything; focus on knowledge.* Inspired (and I mean copied) by http://blog.jonathanoliver.com/ - Inversion of Control Freak:Dependency Injection, Domain-Driven Design, Test-Driven Development techniques
  • LOOKING FORWARDJavascript had several springs buzzwords: DHTML before and Ajax after big frameworks: from Prototype+Scriptaculous to jQuery future: HTML5 and the microjs framework era
  • LOOKING FORWARDJavascript had several springs buzzwords: DHTML before and Ajax after big frameworks: from Prototype+Scriptaculous to jQuery future: HTML5 and the tiny super focused framework era
  • LOOKING FORWARDJavascript had several springs buzzwords: DHTML before and Ajax after big frameworks: from Prototype+Scriptaculous to jQuery future: HTML5 and the tiny super focused framework eraon browser
  • LOOKING FORWARDJavascript had several springs buzzwords: DHTML before and Ajax after big frameworks: from Prototype+Scriptaculous to jQuery future: HTML5 and the tiny super focused framework eraon browser then there’s a brand new world on server: node.js, noSQL databases (couchdb, mongodb..)
  • LOOKING FORWARD the further we look at, the more control we need
  • LOOKING FORWARD the further we look at, the more control we need
  • LOOKING FORWARD the further we look at, the more control we need javascript is a programming language
  • LOOKING FORWARD the further we look at, the more control we need javascript is a programming language javascript is a serious business.
  • LOOKING FORWARD the further we look at, the more control we need javascript is a programming language javascript is a serious business. and, most of all...
  • javascript kicks asses
  • marco@fromthefront.ithttps://github.com/cedmax@cedmax
  • One last word..
  • Massimiliano DavoliAlberto BrandoliniFrancesco Fullone Luca Lischetti Rocco Curcio Matteo Gazziola