RadioMarconis "Wireless Telegraph and Signal Company" was formed on 20 July1897. The company opened the worlds first radio factory on Hall Street inChelmsford in 1898 and was responsible for some of the most importantadvances in radio and television: Transatlantic radio broadcasting High Frequency tuned broadcasting Formation of the British Broadcasting Company (later to become the independent BBC) Formation of the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company of America Short wave beam broadcasting
Most famous radio stations in UK (national)1. BBC Radio 2 (14.3m)2. BBC Radio 1 (11.7m)3. BBC Radio 4 (10.8m)4. Heart (7.5m)5. Capital (7.0m)The top 5 radio stations with the highest amount of listeners in their area1. Channel 103 (59% of people in their area tune in)2. Manx Radio (58%)3. Radio Borders (54%)4. Moray Firth Radio (53%)5. Radio Pembrokeshire (50%)
TelevisionThe electromechanical system over the BBC radio transmitter in September 1929.Baird provided a limited amount of programming five days a week by 1930.Southampton first British television broadcast was made by Baird Televisionsearned the distinction of broadcasting the first-ever live television interview.TV broadcasts in London were on the air an average of four hours daily from 1936 to1939. There were 12,000 to 15,000 receivers. Some sets in restaurants or bars mighthave 100 viewers for sport events.The outbreak of the Second World War caused the BBC service to be suspendedwithout warning on September 1, 1939, mid-way through a Mickey Mouse cartoon.It resumed, again from Alexandra Palace, after the end of the war on June 7, 1946showing the same cartoon.
At the end of 1947 there were 54,000 licensed television receivers, compared with44,000 television sets in the United States at that time.The first transatlantic television signal was sent in 1928 from London to New Yorkby the Baird Television Development Company/Cinema Television, although thissignal was not broadcast to the public. The first live satellite signal to Britain fromthe United States was broadcast via the Telstar satellite on July 23, 1962.Most famous TV channels:1.- BBC 12.- BBC 23.- ITV 14.- CHANNEL 45.- CHANNEL 5
NewspapersThere were twelve London newspapers and 24 provincial papers by the 1720s.The Daily Courant was the first daily newspaper in London. By the early 19thcentury there were 52 London papers and over 100 other titles. . The DailyUniversal Register began life in 1785 and was later to become known as TheTimes from 1788. By the 1930s, over two thirds of the population wasestimated to read a newspaper every day, with "almost everyone" taking oneon Sundays.Traditionally, UK newspapers could be split into more serious-mindednewspapers, usually referred to as the broadsheets due to their large size, andsometimes known collectively as "the quality press", and less seriousnewspapers, generally known as tabloids, and collectively as "the popularpress", which have tended to focus more on celebrity coverage and humaninterest stories rather than political reporting or overseas news.
National daily newspapers1. The Sun (7,772,000 readers)2. The Daily Mail (4,741,000)3. The Daily Mirror (3,087,000)4. Metro (3,287,000)5. The Daily Telegraph (1,680,000)Sunday newspapers1. News of the World (7,537,000)2. The Mail on Sunday (4,896,000)3. Sunday Mirror (3,690,000)4. The Sunday Times (2,952,000)5. Sunday Express (1,466,000)
Internet 1973 - University College of London is one of the first international connections to ARPANET. 1976 - The Queen sends an email from the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment in Malvern. 1984 - Joint Academic Network (JANET) built to connect UK universities to each other over the internet. 1989 - Tim Berners-Lee and the team at CERN invent the World Wide Web to make information easier to publish and access on the internet. 1994 - Internet Magazine launches. It reports on Londons first cybercafé and reviews 100 websites. Its billed as the most extensive list of websites ever to appear in a magazine. A 28.8Kbps modem costs £399 (plus VAT). 2003 - Nearly half of us are connected: UK telecomms regulator Oftel reports that 47% of UK homes have internet access and 58% have a PC. Of those online, 15% use broadband and 92% are satisfied with their service.