Global Economic Outlook

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Global Economic Outlook

  1. 1. Global Economic Outlook The Great Recession and Recovery Stephan S. Thurman, PhD Bureau for Economic, Energy, and Business Affairs for Wichita State University, October 2010
  2. 2. Disclaimer 1 The State Department does not generate or publish a global economic outlook. The information contained in the slides below is generated from organizations or companies whose data are in the public domain, and to which the State Department has access.
  3. 3. The Great Recession – Deepest in 30 Years 1
  4. 4. The Great Recession – Trade Transmission 2
  5. 5. Great Recession: Did We See it Coming? 3
  6. 6. The ‘Great’ Recovery – Trade Returns 4
  7. 7. The ‘Great’ Recovery …is a “V” …We Hope 5
  8. 8. July 2010 IMF WEO Update 6
  9. 9. Selected Country GDP Outlook 7
  10. 10. Selected Country Inflation Outlook 8
  11. 11. Selected Country Current Accounts 9
  12. 12. Risks to the Great Recovery -- UNCERTAINTY -- 10 <ul><li>The “New Normal” – sluggish growth and little or no employment growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Sovereign Debt – the European periphery to be </li></ul><ul><li>sure, but other Advanced Economies? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Further Stimulus or Consolidation? – when to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>exit? – too early=renewed recession & too late= </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unsustainable debt load </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Deflation – that combination of low or negative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GDP growth accompanied by negative inflation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- present in Japan – “not likely” in U.S. or EU </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Policy Focus of the G20 Washington, London, Pittsburg, Toronto ….and next month, Seoul, Korea 11 <ul><li>Return to Growth with Quality Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Reform and Strengthen Financial Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Reforms of the International Financial Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Create Strong, Sustainable and Balanced Global Growth </li></ul>
  14. 14. G20 Trade Surpluses Get Smaller,,,, 12
  15. 15. … .while G20 Trade Deficits Shrink 13
  16. 16. 14 No Significant Global Imbalances
  17. 17. 15 Global Imbalances Emerge
  18. 18. 16 Global Imbalances Peak
  19. 19. 17 Global Imbalances Shrink With Recession
  20. 20. 18 Global Imbalances Re-Emerge with Recovery
  21. 21. Three Sources of Savings 19 Private Savings + Govt. Savings + Foreign Savings == 0 Disposable Income Less Consumption Less Investment --------------------------- Taxes Less Revenues ---------------------------- Imports Less Exports
  22. 22. G20 Policy Recommendations 20 <ul><li>Making more progress on rebalancing global demand </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced deficit countries should take actions to boost national savings while maintaining open markets and enhancing export competitiveness. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surplus economies will undertake reforms to reduce their reliance on external demand and focus more on domestic sources of growth. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengthening social safety nets, enhancing corporate governance reform, financial market development, infrastructure spending, and greater exchange rate flexibility in some emerging markets. </li></ul>
  23. 23. National Export Initiative Double Exports in 5 Years 21

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