The Industrial Revolution Cedar Robertson 11/9/11 Period 5
Industrial Revolution Defined• The Industrial Revolution was a time when major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, had a impact on every day life.• It was a period from the 18th to 19th century.• It began in Britain.• Western Europe, North America, Japan, and eventually the world were also involved.
Migration• Urbanization is the physical growth of urban areas as a result of global change.• A cottage industry is an industry where the creation of products and services is home- based, rather than factory-based.• There was a migration of people from rural to urban during the Industrial Revolution.• People moved from farms to cities because the economic problems forced them to get better jobs.
Agricultural Revolution• Crop Rotation is the practice of growing different crops in the same area in order of seasons.
Textiles• Textiles were the ﬁrst commodity to boom during the industrial revolution.• Textiles are the branch of industry involved in the manufacture of cloth.• Cotton was an invention that helped the textile industry boom.• Eli Whitney was the inventor of the cotton gin.
Steam Engine• Thomas Savery was the inventor.• James Watt was credited as the man who improved it.• It was invented in 1698.• It was the primary source of power during the industrial revolution. It replaced water power and muscle power.
Bessemer Process• It was the ﬁrst inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel from molten pig iron.• It was invented by Henry Bessemer.• It was important because it was an inexpensive way to make steel fast.
Pasteurization• Louis Pasteur was a French chemist and microbiologist.• Louis Pasteur invented pasteurization.• Pasteurization was used to heat beer and wine to a certain temperature so that it could avoid diseases.• This was important because diseases were already a problem and a lot of people during this time drank a lot.
Thomas Edison• Three things Edison invented:• 1) Lightbulb• 2) Kinetoscope• 3) Cylinder Phonograph• Thomas Edison had 1,093 patents in the U.S.• “I readily absorb ideas from every source, frequently starting where the last person left off.” -Thomas Edison.
Romanticism• Romanticism was an artistic, literary and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Europe, and gained strength in reaction to the Industrial Revolution.• Tomas Chatterton and Konstantin Batyushkov were both authors during this time.