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    Scott coats presentation Scott coats presentation Presentation Transcript

    • The Effect of Environmental Changes on Ethnic Minority Peoples in the Mekong Sub-Region & the MMF Response
    • Introduction
    • Overview “ Environmental issues in the context of community ”
    • Mekong Sub-Region MMF Work Area
    • Mekong Sub-Region MMF Work Area
    • Mekong Sub-Region MMF Work Area AKHA HMONG LISU MIEN LAHU KAREN
      • Other Ethnic Groups
      • Lue
      • Shan
      • Wa
      • Khamu
      • Phu Noi
      • Lawa
      • Lua
      • Paluang
    • Traditional Hill Tribe Life
      • Traditional Hill
      • Tribe Life
      • Lived in forests
      • Shifting cultiva- tion
      • Temporary dwelling places
      • Traditional Hill
      • Tribe Life
      • No roads, no electricity and no easy access to health care or education
      • Citizenship papers were unheard of & land ownership was non-existent.
      • Life was related to spirits and governed by the spirit world
    • Thai Local People
    • Thai Local People
    • Changes that have affected Hill Tribe peoples Political Economic Religious
      • Political Changes
      • 1945+ Colonial influence reduced after WWII
      • 1948 Governmental changes in China and Burma
      • 1950s French lost Indochina
      • 1960s Regime change in Burma
      • 1960-1970s US involvement in Vietnam and Laos
      • Consequences of political changes for Hill tribe people
      • Mass migration of ethnic and religious minority peoples from China
      • Introduction of opium cultivation on a large scale
      • 1970s Hill tribe people involved in the cultivation and trade of drugs
      • Highlanders affected by issues of drug addiction, poverty, selling of children and trafficking.
      • 1980s+ government sought eradication of drugs trade
      • Economic Changes
      • Thailand
      • Economic & infrastructural growth
      • Construction of roads associated with increasing influence of Thai culture on hill tribe culture
      • Greater access to education & health care
      • Natural resource exploitation
      • 1980s+ Thai governments and departments blame hill tribe people for environmental degradation.
      • Restricted access to forest & reduction in amount of land available for cultivation.
      • Economic Changes & Consequences
      • Laos
      • 1980s-1990s less invasive infrastructure development than Thailand
      • Similar issues to Thailand, 30 years later.
      • Myanmar
      • Very controlled & oppressive
      • Forced production of certain crops.
      • Forced relocation
      • Religious Changes
      • Missions & Christian Faith
      • Animism to Christianity due to missionaries since 1900
      • Less fear of forests
      • More willingness to stay & cultivate paddy
      • Improved health care  reduced infant mortality, less disease, increased population growth
      • Introduction of agricultural development & crops e.g. coffee in Northern Thailand
      • Changes in methods of cultivation
    • Environmental degradation has been ongoing for the last 50-100 years; it is not just a recent issue for hill tribe people.
      • Issues that hill
      • tribe people
      • face today
      • Forest depletion
      • Limited land for farming
      • Chemical Use
      • Limited Water
      • Soil Degradation
      • Polution
    • Issues that hill tribe people face today
      • Issues that hill
      • tribe people
      • face today
      • Forest depletion
      • Limited land for farming
      • Chemical Use
      • Limited Water
      • Soil Degradation
      • Polution
      • Priority of needs from ethnic people’s (in Thailand)
      • perspective
      • Citizenship
      • Access to land ownership
      • Livelihood
      • Education for children
      • Healthcare
    • Mekong Minority Foundation “ MMF envisions ethnic minority communities that demonstrate the love of Christ in their relationships with each other as they help each other to live in a way that is sustainable for the years ahead.”
    • MMF’s approach 1. Community Empowerment of Youth & Leaders.
    • Leaders `
    • Community Land Titles `
      • Emerging Issues
      • Global Warming
      • Reforestation
      • Offsetting our carbon print
    • Conclusion Environmental issues are a part of an interconnected range of issues faced by ethnic minority people groups in the hills of the Mekong sub-region that require a participatory response.
    • A Word from the Bible