1. Any dispute regarding the interpretation or the application of the provisions of this Treaty shall he amicably settled through direct agreement without prejudice to the provisions of this Treaty and relevant Protocols.
2. Failing this, either party or any other Member States or the Authority may refer the matter to the Court of the Community whose decision shall be final and shall not be subject to appeal.
West Africa has experienced a notable return of peace, and security in recent years, and the total number of victims has steadily declined over twenty-year period from 1960-1980;
ECOWAS has over the years gained the confidence of the international community for its intervention in Liberia, Sierra-Leone, Togo, and Guinea-Bissau. With the establishment of the Council of Wise to further promote peace and prevent conflict, a more proactive step has been taken to secure peace in the region.
effective coordination of policies throughout the region
coordination of economic planning and economic policies demand somehow surrender of part of sovereignty
favouring the more-developed Member States at the expense of the less-developed ones
elimination of customs duties among the members might open wider markets for those countries that have already heavy industries, which means they could dominate the markets of the less developed ones with products that are produced at lower costs, with cheaper raw materials from within the community
Existing material infrastructure of the West African sub-region, which is hardly developed and thus constitutes a basic impediment to the growth of intra-regional trade within the ECOWAS
The institutional structure of regional organizations are weak owing to their limited authority. Member-states retain the right to veto legislation approved by their representatives at the regional level.