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Intrduction of Ecowas

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Intrduction of Ecowas

Intrduction of Ecowas


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  • Pretty good presentation about ECOWAS. I observed that on slide number 5 the maps of The Gambia and Ghana were interchanged, aside that and other few typos I think its a great piece.
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  • Its a good resource.
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  • 1. Introduction to ECOWAS
  • 2.  
  • 3. Question to answer
      • What is the purpose – what does it try to acheive?
      • Is it working – does it reaches its ambitions?
      • What is the outlook for the future – expansion?
      • Similarities and differences with the EU?
  • 4. ESTABLISHMENT OF ECOWAS
    • Created on May 28, 1975 with the adoption of the ECOWAS Treaty
    • In 1993, the Treaty was revised to accelerate the process of integration
    • A community of 15 West African states
  • 5. FACTS ABOUT ECOWAS
    • Benin
    • Burkina Faso
    • Cabo-Verde
    • C ô te-d’Ivoire
    • The Gambia
    • Ghana
    • Guinea
    Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Niger Nigeria S e n e gal Sierra-Leone Togo
  • 6. FACTS ABOUT ECOWAS ECOWAS Surface Area 6,1 millions km²
  • 7.
    • Total Surface Area 6 . 1 millions de km²
    • Total Population
    • 220 millions d ’habitants
    • Regional GDP
    • 106 . 7 milliards $ US
    FACTS ABOUT ECOWAS
  • 8. OBJECTIVE
    • OVERALL OBJECTIVE
    • To promote cooperation and integration, with a view to establishing an economic and monetary union as a means of stimulating economic growth and development in West Africa
  • 9. BASIC PRINCIPLES
    • Equality and interdependence of Member States
    • Cooperation between Member States
    • Solidarity and collective autonomy
    • Policies and programmes harmonisation
    • Nonagression between Member States
  • 10.
    • Peace keeping, stability and security at the regional level
    • Peaceful settlement of conflicts
    • Respect, promotion and protection of human rights
    • Promotion and consolidation of democracy
    • Transparency, economic and social justice
    BASIC PRINCIPLES
  • 11. ECOWAS INSTITUTIONS …
    • The Conference of Heads of State and Government
    • The Council of Ministers
    • The Executive Secretariat
    • The Community Parliament
    • The Community Court of Justice
    • The Economic and Social Council ( to be created)
    • The West African Health Organisation (WAHO)
  • 12.
    • ECOWAS Bank for Investment and Development (EBID)
    • ECOWAS Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
    • ECOWAS Regional Investment Bank (ERIB)
    • West African Monetary Agency (WAMA)
    • West African Monetary Institute (WAMI)
    • Specialized Technical Commissions ]
    ECOWAS INSTITUTIONS
  • 13. European Institutions
    • European Council
    • Council of Ministers
    • European Commission
    • European Parliament
    • European Court of Justice
    • European Central Bank
    • Ecofin Group
  • 14. Financing of Programmes
    • Self-financing budgets for the institutions : Introduction of the Community levy - a Community tax of 0.5% on goods from third countries - to generate resources for financing regional integration.
  • 15. SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES
    • 1. Any dispute regarding the interpretation or the application of the provisions of this Treaty shall he amicably settled through direct agreement without prejudice to the provisions of this Treaty and relevant Protocols.
    • 2. Failing this, either party or any other Member States or the Authority may refer the matter to the Court of the Community whose decision shall be final and shall not be subject to appeal.
  • 16. SANCTIONS
    • 1. Where a Member State fails to fulfill its obligations to the Community, the Authority may decide to impose sanctions on that Member State.
    • 2. These sanctions may include:
    • (i) suspension of new Community loans or assistance,
    • (ii) suspension of disbursement on-going Community projects or assistance
  • 17.
    • Free movements of people
    • Trade and Customs
    • Monetary and financial matters
    • Monetary Cooperation
    • Transport
    • Agricultural and livestock farming
    • Protection of the environnement
    • Industry and Energy
    • NEPAD
    • Common issues such as Youth, Sport, Culture and Social Affairs, Health and Drug Control, Gender Issue, Education, Regional Peace and security, etc.
    ECOWAS ACHIEVEMENTS
  • 18.  
  • 19.
    • West Africa has experienced a notable return of peace, and security in recent years, and the total number of victims has steadily declined over twenty-year period from 1960-1980;
    • ECOWAS has over the years gained the confidence of the international community for its intervention in Liberia, Sierra-Leone, Togo, and Guinea-Bissau. With the establishment of the Council of Wise to further promote peace and prevent conflict, a more proactive step has been taken to secure peace in the region.
    ECOWAS ACHIEVEMENTS
  • 20. Problems and Weaknesses of ECOWAS
    • effective coordination of policies throughout the region
      • coordination of economic planning and economic policies demand somehow surrender of part of sovereignty
    • favouring the more-developed Member States at the expense of the less-developed ones
      • elimination of customs duties among the members might open wider markets for those countries that have already heavy industries, which means they could dominate the markets of the less developed ones with products that are produced at lower costs, with cheaper raw materials from within the community
  • 21. Problems and Weaknesses of ECOWAS
    • Existing material infrastructure of the West African sub-region, which is hardly developed and thus constitutes a basic impediment to the growth of intra-regional trade within the ECOWAS
    • The institutional structure of regional organizations are weak owing to their limited authority. Member-states retain the right to veto legislation approved by their representatives at the regional level.
  • 22. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION !