Bone Fractures
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Bone Fractures

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Information on 3 types of bone fractures: Comminuted, greenstick & spiral.

Information on 3 types of bone fractures: Comminuted, greenstick & spiral.

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Bone Fractures Bone Fractures Presentation Transcript

  • By Carrie Echols 6/23/09
    • This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Use PowerPoint to keep track of these action items during your presentation
    • In Slide Show, click on the right mouse button
    • Select “Meeting Minder”
    • Select the “Action Items” tab
    • Type in action items as they come up
    • Click OK to dismiss this box
    • This will automatically create an Action Item slide at the end of your presentation with your points entered.
    • Bones are a connective tissue, reinforced with calcium and bone cells. Bone marrow is where blood cells are made. The main functions of the skeleton include support, movement and protection of internal organs.
    • A bone fracture occurs when there is a force against a bone is stronger than it can stand.
    • There are different types of bone fractures that vary in severity. Common sites for bone fractures include the wrist, ankle and hip.
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    • A fracture in which the bone is broken into several pieces. It is also known as a
    • multi-fragmentary fracture.
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    • Three separate pieces of bone must be present for a fracture to be classified as comminuted
    • Crushing or splintering
    • Most common in the elderly or,
    • People with conditions which weaken the bones; ie: osteogenesis imperfecta or cancer
    • Tremendous force
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    • Tremendous pain at site of fracture
    • May pass out at time of break
    • Area of break will swell
    • May become warm to the touch
    • Cannot bear any weight
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    • X-Ray
    • During the x-ray, doctors can assess:
    • Orientation of pieces of bone
    • Location of fracture to determine best treatment
    • May be necessary to pin the fracture with surgery
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    • Infection
    • Compartment syndrome: build up of pressure in the legs, arms, hands, feet or buttocks. These heavily muscled areas are surrounded by fascia, a supportive tissue which is not very flexible. If pressure builds up, it can cut off nerve and underlying muscle cells causing –
    • Vascular necrosis
    • Non union: pieces of bone fail to join together
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    • Follow up with orthopedic doctor is suggested to make sure the patient is healing correctly.
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    • A mild bone fracture which is most commonly seen in children. Extreme force causes a bone to bend, breaking partway through, like a young green twig when it is bent.
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    • Fall
    • Blunt trauma
    • Prognosis:
    • Good - with healing as little as three weeks when they are promptly diagnosed and treated.
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    • Reducing the fracture by pulling the bone apart slightly and then pushing it into place to straighten it out
    • Casting the affected limb
    • Anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce the swelling
    • Elevate foot
    • Complications:
    • Could go undiagnosed and a painful infection and permanent damage may occur
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    • A painful type of bone fracture which is caused by a twisting force. It is also called a torsion fracture.
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    • Commonly in the elderly and with persons with poor diet
    • It also becoming famous for a sign of abuse, especially in children. A twisting motion could be caused by a parent grabbing and twisting the arm or leg of a child
    • Diagnosed by X-Ray
    • By assessing the x-ray, doctors may recommend surgery to pin a fracture
    • It could just be casted to hold the fracture in place
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    • Because fracture is a corkscrew shape, it can be difficult to treat.
    • Involves months of being in a cast
    • Possible surgery
    • All is dependent upon general health of the patient and specific circumstances involved in the fracture
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    • www.wisegeek.com
    • Photos:
    • www.nucleusinc.com
    • www.medscape.com
    • www.tfd.com
    • www.about.com
    • www.betterhealth.com
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