Workers by Means of Transportation to WorkMode Car Transit Walk Bike OtherShare (%) 51 31 9 4 5
Nested Model of Sustainability Environment Economy(LOW AND GLEESON 2003, HART 2006)
Environmental Elements1. Minimize consumption of renewable and non- renewable resources for transportation2. Design transportation and place making systems to maximize land use efficiency3. Minimize transportation and place making system’s impact on ecological systems4. Limit transportation related wastes and pollution *
Social Elements1. Transportation system meets access needs in a way that is consistent with human health and safety2. Planning and management of transportation system incorporates different levels of government and community input3. Transportation and place making system facilitates social interaction and social equity4. Transportation and place making system meets basic access needs of all individuals *
Economic Elements1. Transportation is affordable for individuals2. Transportation is efficient for movement of people and goods3. Transportation is locally self-sufficient4. Transportation does not contribute to economic vulnerability of society *
SF General Plan andsustainability- POLICY 2.1Use rapid transit and other transportation improvements asthe catalyst for desirable development, and coordinate newfacilities with public and private development.- POLICY 2.2Reduce pollution, noise and energy consumption.- (SFMTA) is transitioning from a transitagency to an "integrated sustainablemobility service provider"
SFpark● Uses variable metering to encourage the use of less desirable parking spots along the streets to reduce time searching for places to park. ○ Works by monitoring the usage of the parking spots along the street and increasing or decreasing the prices based on peak usage throughout the day.
Pavement to Parks program
Does SF General plan fit into sustainability?- Yes- Sustainable Transport Award 2012- 2 major sustainable initiatives - SFpark (increasing parking efficiency using variable pricing to encourage parking in less desirable spaces) - ‘Pavement to Parks’ program (reclaims parking spaces for public space)-
San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA)- Transit projects● Central Subway Project● BRT projects- Bicycle projects● Regional Bike Share- Livable Streetprojects
San Francisco MunicipalTransportation Agency (SFMTA) - Parking projects ● SFpark - Pedestrian projects ● Safety ● Better, more accessible streets
RESULTS• Lowest multi-modal emissions per passenger in California• Largest municipal biodiesel fleet in country• Third largest hybrid-electric bus fleet in country• Largest zero emission bus fleet in country, 50% running on hydroelectric power• 55% of taxi fleet now hybrid• Upgraded bike network (20% of all trips made by bicycle)
DRAWBACKS● The Existing Transit System is Under-Invested● San Francisco is Actively Dis-investing in Muni● Local and Regional Transit Infrastructures Are Neither Reliable Nor Robust● Affordability● TOD in San Francisco Does Not Compete with Suburban Sprawl
Transportation 2035 "Change in Motion"Emphasis on 3 Es : "Economy, Environmentand Equity" provide a maintainable, affordable, clean and safe transit environmentEstablish numerical benchmarks regional progress goals aimed at reduced vehicle use, traffic congestion,emissions and automobile collisions
San Francisco, Plan Bay Area,and SustainabilitySuccesses: FOCUS initiative project to locate new housing close to public transit nodes community outreachFailures: planned improvements are extremelyexpensive some plans involving use of new technologyare still in R&D stages
How Does SF Compare?
Transit Oriented DevelopmentA leading concept in sustainable transportationSFs BART is a top example of TOD uses "station area planning" to promote locating stations in areas mostaccessible to biking and walking, other busesPleasant Hill BART station extremely multi-modalExcellent connection to other regions
Numbers Dont LieAccording to the 2012 Our Green Cities study, avery reputable source, SF was tied withPortland, Oregon and Seattle, Washington, asthe number one most sustainable city Based on a score of 35/38 38 different measures were the criteria for measuring overall sustainability Rank was #1 out of 55 different citiesSF also won 2012 Sustainable TransportationAward awarded by Transportation Research Board (Nominees were global)
In Summary: ● History ● Sustainable Planning ● Transportation and Land Use