The ramayana

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The ramayana

  1. 1. the Ramayana protagonist story
  2. 2. Hindu religion <ul><li>Polytheistic </li></ul><ul><li>3 major gods in the Ramayana: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bramha – the Creator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shiva – the Destroyer of evil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vishnu – the Preserver of balance ( often depicted as the color of a stormcloud ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has 10 avatars (incarnations) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>#8 is Ram </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>#9 is Krishna </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>#10 is Kulki (yet to come) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Rama <ul><li>Used for surprise/shock (“Oh, God!”) </li></ul><ul><li>Closest word the Hindi language has to the word “god” </li></ul><ul><li>Used as a greeting (“RamRam”) </li></ul><ul><li>Written on EVERYTHING </li></ul><ul><li>In India, the characters of the Ramayana are used to sell products (cigarettes, furnaces, cars, etc.) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Hinduism (con’t) <ul><li>Belief in reincarnation </li></ul><ul><li>Dharma – to know and obey one’s duty in life </li></ul><ul><li>Karma – the consequences of doing one’s dharma </li></ul>
  5. 5. Authors <ul><li>There are as many Ramayanas as there are grains of sand on the seashore. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Old Hindu saying </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Valmiki – first to write it down; existed as an oral traditon for several centuries beforehand TulsiDas – most popular version. Wrote it down around 300 CE & changed the characters actions a little.
  6. 6. 15 major languages in India, so some changes to the names (Rama in original Sanskrit becomes Ram in Hindi). Ramayana text is considered imperfect; it’s a blueprint, a seed. The story lives when it is told. Expounders – people who take a small section of text and tell it in detail The Ramayana is not reality; it is a mirror that reflect reality. REMEMBER: THIS IS A LIVING EPIC!
  7. 7. Themes <ul><li>Compassion for the lowly </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitality </li></ul><ul><li>Models of behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perfect son </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perfect brother </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perfect wife </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perfect husband </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perfect King </li></ul></ul>

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