She was called the Virgin Queen because she never married, although Sir Walter Raleigh was one of her boyfriends (he’s the one who put his cloak over the mudpuddle so her shoes wouldn’t get soiled). She was also ruthless in her love. Sir Walter married secretly so he wouldn’t lose court favor. Two stories here: Political story: he was plotting to overthrow her gov’t, so she had him beheaded. Love story: she found out about his marriage, and had the plotting story concocted to justify her jealousy.
1. Elizabethan England Fun With Will Shakespeare
2. Queen Elizabeth <ul><li>Lived from 1533 to 1604 </li></ul><ul><li>Was loved by her subjects </li></ul>
3. Queen Elizabeth <ul><li>Was a patron of the arts; Shakespeare’s company gave several command performances for her </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote Merry Wives of Windsor for her featuring her favorite character, John Falstaff. </li></ul>
4. <ul><li>1604 -- James VI of Scotland becomes King James I of England </li></ul><ul><li>Commanded a new translation of the Bible into English; did NOT ask Shakespeare to participate. </li></ul>
5. Shakespeare wrote a play for James … Macbeth . James was not impressed and walked out of the first performance, setting into motion what has been called the “Macbeth curse.”
6. <ul><li>For the performance, the actor playing Lady Macbeth got sick and Shakespeare himself ended up playing the role for the King. </li></ul>
7. To this day, actors will not call the play by name, but only refer to it as “that Scottish play.” If an actor DOES say the play’s name out loud, they are forced to leave the building, turn around three times and spit in order to remove the curse.
8. William Shakespeare <ul><li>Born April 23, 1564 in Stratford-on-Avon </li></ul><ul><li>John Shakespeare, his father, was a tanner </li></ul><ul><li>Also a member of the town council. He held many positions here, including taking care of revenues and paying bills. </li></ul>
9. <ul><li>We don’t know for sure that William attended school in Stratford-on-Avon, but his father was educated and there are references to schools in his plays. </li></ul>King Edward VI school Stratford-on-Avon, England
10. Will’s education <ul><li>Grammar school in Stratford-on-Avon considered “excellent.” </li></ul><ul><li>started in the “petty” school at age 4 or 5; learned to read and write English </li></ul><ul><li>after 2 years, moved to the upper grades (the ‘grammar’ school) and learned to read and write Latin </li></ul><ul><li>by age 10 or 11, boys are writing their own speeches in Latin; also studying Greek </li></ul>
11. <ul><li>Married Anne Hathaway </li></ul><ul><li>Had 3 children: Susanna Judith Hamnet </li></ul>(he was 18; she was 26) William’s personal life, continued
12. Shakespeare’s family
13. <ul><li>Left his family and went to London (around 1592) </li></ul><ul><li>Was very successful in his own lifetime </li></ul><ul><li>Retired and went back to Stratford- on-Avon </li></ul><ul><li>Joined the Lord Chamberlain’s Men </li></ul>Will’s life, part II
14. <ul><li>New Place – William’s retirement home </li></ul><ul><li>Second largest building in Stratford and the only one made of brick. </li></ul><ul><li>Torn down by the last private owner; if he couldn’t have peace there, no one could </li></ul>Will’s life, part III
15. <ul><li>Wrote 37 plays in three genre: </li></ul>Will’s career <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedy </li></ul><ul><li>Comedy </li></ul><ul><li>also wrote 150+ sonnets </li></ul>
16. William’s death <ul><ul><li>Died April 23, 1616 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In his will, he left the house and his money to Suzanna; </li></ul><ul><li>to Anne, he left the second-best bed </li></ul>
17. Good frend for Jesus sake forebeare, to digg the dust encloased heare, Bleste be ye man yt spares thes stones, And curst be he yt moves my bones. Shakespeare’s epitaph Trinity Church, Stratford-on-Avon, England
18. Misc. info about Master Will <ul><li>was considered a threat to the language because he added over 2000 words to our vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>ignored the unities of time, place and action, so critics said he couldn’t write well </li></ul>
19. The Lord Chamberlain’s Men <ul><li>This is the company Shakespeare joined when he went to London </li></ul><ul><li>Owned by James & Richard Burbage </li></ul>$
20. <ul><li>Company owned The Theatre </li></ul>The Lord Chamberlain’s Men <ul><li>Actually, they owned the building, but not the land. </li></ul><ul><li>Took the timbers they owned and floated them down the Thames River to a new spot. </li></ul><ul><li>Named the new theatre The Globe . </li></ul>
21. The Lord Chamberlain’s Men <ul><li>Later became the King’s Men -- James I became King after Elizabeth and he bought the naming rights. </li></ul>
22. Lord Chamberlain’s Men <ul><li>Audiences ranged from low class to royalty </li></ul><ul><li>Language of the play reflected both parts of his audience </li></ul><ul><li>Only men could be actors </li></ul>
23. The Globe Theatre
24. The Globe then . . . And now . . .
26. This sketch was made by DeWitt in a letter sent to a friend. It is actually a picture of the stage of the Swan.
27. The Globe from across the Thames
28. New Globe' Company members of the Shakespeare's Globe Theatre in London assemble for a group picture on the newly completed stage. The theater is a thoroughly researched reproduction of the original 16th Century structure which stood on the same site. The Globe's actor-led company is drawn from Britain and America and will officially open its season with Shakespeare's Henry V on June 14.
29. The reconstructed stage
30. Johann Zoffany. David Garrick and Mrs. Pritchard in "Macbeth ," 1768. Oil on canvas, approximately 38.5 x 48.5 inches. Garrick Club, London
31. Alexandre-Marie Colin. The Three Witches from "Macbeth ," 1827.
32. Steel engraving, approximately 6.5 x 9.5 inches, by C. W. Sharpe. The engraving is from Charles Knight's two-volume Imperial Edition of The Works of Shakespere (London: Virtue and Company, 1873-76). Alexander Johnston. Macbeth.
33. Maggie Smith as Lady Macbeth
34. Sean Bean and Samantha Bond in a 2004 London stage production of Macbeth. Note the modern dress.
35. Three witches and Macbeth Clare Swinburne , Alexandra Moen, Jayne McKenna, Sean Bean
36. Bloody child apparition from Bean/Bond production
37. Earliest Broadway production May 3, 1768 Orson Welles also did a Broadway production in spring 1936; had 56 perfomances. His most famous Macbeth was a film he made….
38. Orson Welles as Macbeth – a subtitled movie production he starred in as well as directed
39. Had expression in silent films: One made every year for four years: 1 st Italians 2 nd French 3 rd English 4 th Americans
40. <ul><li>There are 28 film versions listed on www.imdb.com , including: </li></ul><ul><li>Throne of Blood – 1957 Japanese version by Akiro Kirowsawa </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Polanski’s 1971 bloody version (seen by some as a reaction to the death of his wife, Sharon Tate) </li></ul><ul><li>A 1979 version directed by Trevor Nunn and starring Ian McKellan and Judi Dench </li></ul>
41. <ul><li>Men of Respect (1991)– with John Tuturro as a mob hitman who gets prophecies </li></ul><ul><li>2003 – a Hindi language Bollywood film, complete with music and dancing </li></ul>