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Green Data Center

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Considerations and understanding in building a datacenter

Considerations and understanding in building a datacenter

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  • Air is 21% oxygenFire needs 16%
  • Transcript

    • 1. Building A Next Generation Data Center
      Its Not Easy ….
    • 2.
    • 3. DATACENTER LIMITATIONS
    • 4. MOORE’s LAW
      The number of transistors that can be placed inexpensively on an integrated circuit doubles approximately every two years. This trend has continued for more than half a century and is expected to continue until 2015 or 2020 or later.
    • 5. Intel 80386
      275,000 Transistors
      Pentium
      1 Million Transistors
      Itanium 2 Quad Core
      2.6 Million Transistors
    • 6.
    • 7. MOORE’s LAW- Power Density
    • 8. 1 Processor 4GB RAM
      509GB 2 x 325 Watt
      2 Processors 12GB RAM
      1.8TB 2 x 400Watt
      192 Processors 768 GB RAM,
      SAN Storage 6 x 1200Watt
    • 9.
    • 10.
    • 11. Room Over Capacity UPS at 90+% Capacity
      Room Temp around 88° Humidity @ ???
      5-1/2 Miles of Non Documented Cat5 Cable
    • 12.
    • 13. Old school DATACENTER
      Hot Aisle Cold Aisle
    • 14. PRIORITIES
      DESIGN
      ACCEPTABLE RISK
    • 15. NEXT GENERATION DATA CENTER
      Facilities
      Physical Space
      Design Liabilities
      Cable Management
      Security
      Fire
      Safety
      Access
    • 16. NEXT GENERATION DATA CENTER
      Power
      110v or 220v?
      UPS
      Generator
      Environmental
      Cooling
      Humidity
      Event/ Breach Notification
      Facilities
      Technology
    • 17. physical
      Layout
      Flood
      Sewer Pipes
      Water Pipes
      Furnace Proximity
      Flooring
      Raised
      Solid
    • 18. security
    • 19. ACCESS
    • 20. FIRE 101
    • 21. safety
      HALON
      • Stops the Chain Reaction
      • 22. Leave No Residue
      • 23. Is a CFC
      • 24. Production Stopped in 1994
      • 25. Still in Use Today (Grandfathered)
      FM200
      • Replacement for Halon
      • 26. Stops the Chain Reaction
    • safety
    • 27. Notifications
    • 28. 110 Volts
      2 Phase 50Hz
      20% Less Efficient in Generation
      Requires 30% Larger Windings
      10-15% Less Efficient in Transmission
      220v
      Standard in Europe
      Draws ½ the AMPS
    • 29. I Got the power
      Uninterruptable Power Supply
      Never “Long Enough”?
      Batteries Degrade over Time
      Cost for Downtime
      Generator
      “Unlimited Downtime”
      Placed outdoors
      Test Weekly
    • 30. COOL- DEFINED
      • CRAC- Computer Room Air Conditioners
      Refrigerant-based, installed within the data center floor and connected to outside condensing units.
      Moves air throughout the data center via fan system- delivers cool air to the servers, returns exhaust air from the room
      CRAH- Computer Room Air Handler
      Chilled water based, installed on data center floor and connected to outside chiller plant.
      Moves air throughout the data center via fan system: delivers cool air to the servers, returns exhaust air from the room
      CHILLER
      Produces chilled water via refrigeration process.
      Delivers chilled water via pumps to CRAH.
      HUMIDIFIER
      Installed in CRAC / CRAH to replace water loss before the air exits.
      Controls Static Electricity
      Available in standalone units.
    • 31. Where it Goes
      HEAT
      POWER
    • 32. IDEAL Environment
      American Society of Heating, Refrigerating & Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Technical Committee (TC) Revised 2004 & 2008 Guidelines for Data Center based on Green Initiatives.
      TC 9.9 Release 2011
      20-80% Relative Humidity
      64.4°F – 80.6°F Temperature
    • 33. Cooling, in Theory
    • 34. Cooling, in REALITY
      88°
      30°
      58°
    • 35. Cooling GREEN
      74°
      72°
    • 36.
    • 37. DATACENTER goals
      • Ensure Scalability
      • 38. Design for Disasters
      • 39. Monitor Systems
      • 40. Secure Area
      • 41. Document EVERYTHING
      • 42. Energy Efficient 220V
      • 43. Cool Equipment, not the Room!
    • 44. Christopher Duffy
      cduffy@peirce.edu

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