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  • 1. Charlene Bharucha Prd.1 Checks and Balances
    • The abuse of power is controlled by 3 branches of government.
    • Have the power to approve or disapprove certain actions of the other branches.
    • They have equal rights to make laws .
  • 2. Blockade
    • To cut off supplies
    • A military and economic tool used to force a nation or area to suffer shortages and to give up fighting.
    • It is called naval when ships are used.
  • 3. Representative Democracy
    • Government that votes for representatives who serve in the government to make and enforce law and the best interest of the people.
    • The U.S. has a representative democracy
    • Another term for democracy is republic.
  • 4. Protective Tariff
    • A high tariff established to protect a particular industry.
  • 5. Adaptations to the Environment
    • People learn to use and live with their environment.
    • Adaptations might include wearing cooler clothing in hot weather or building adobe houses in a dry climate.
  • 6. Federalist Papers
    • Series of essays written to support ratification of the constitution.
    • The anti- federalists argued that the constitution was taking power away from the States and Individuals.
    • Their arguments against ratification led to passage of the Bill of rights .
  • 7. US Constitution 1787 ratified 1789
    • The constitution set up a government based on federalism in which power is divided between the state governments and the federal government, with some powers shared be each.
    • Constitution established a representative democracy with 3 branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial.
  • 8. Popular Sovereignty
    • The power of government rests with the people who express their ideas through voting: popular sovereignty was used before the Civil War.
    • Civil War allowed voters in a new territory to decide to whether to allow slavery.
  • 9. Nullification Crisis
    • South Carolina threatened to secede from the United States if the Tariff government tried to collect tariff duties in their state.
    • South Carolina used the doctrine of states rights to try and nullify the tariff laws.
    • South Carolina backed down from their threat to secede and a compromise tariff bill was passed.
  • 10. States Rights
    • States Rights was the idea that states had the right to control all issues/laws in their state not specifically given to the federal government by the specific words of the constitution.
    • It was used by Southern States to argue that they had the right to nullify federal laws they did not agree with.