• Write a ½ page response to the following:• Pretend you just became King or Queen of your country. Write the first speech to the people of your country telling what your plans are to make your country the best and most powerful. What are you going to do to solve all the conflicts? What are you going to do with the tax money? Don’t forget to mention Divine Right from last classes reading.
• Think about the monarch that you have researched. Go back to Bellwork #1 and add a paragraph to your speech as King/Queen addressing the following issues you may face as King/Queen: – Will you build colonies? Why or Why not? – Plans for your army.
Characteristics of New Absolute Monarchs 1. Complete control 2. Local Nobility brought under King 3. Hereditary Monarchy was public order 4. No more Medieval Feudal System 5. Claimed to Rule by Devine Right 6. Built Huge Armies 7. Raised High Taxes 8. Make own laws
• Power Grew out of the Middle Ages: –Decline in Feudalism –Rise of Cities –Growth of Nations –Growing Middle Class backed the monarchs –Churches began to lose their authority
No restrictive representative Divine Right body Characteristics of an Absolute MonarchNo limitations onPower High taxes & huge armies
Examples of Absolute MonarchsPeter the Great of Russia Philip II of Spain Louis VIV of France “The Sun King” Frederick The Great of Prussia Maria Theresa of Austria
Louis XIV – The Sun King Believed in divine right. “L’etat, c’est moi.” I am the state. Made French army the strongest in Europe France was the wealthiest country in Europe under Louis XIV Louis XIV spent huge amounts of money Built Versailles. War of Spanish Succession
Palace of VersaillesExpanded from a hunting lodge in 1669. Became the symbol to European monarchs of the wealth and power of the king of France.Seat of French government for nearly over 100 years.Its upkeep consumed as much as 25% of the income of France.
• 2,000 acres of grounds• 12 miles of roads Palace of• 27 miles of trellises•• 200,000 trees Versailles 210,000 flowers planted every year• 80 miles of rows of trees• 55 acres surface area of the Grand Canal• 12 miles of enclosing walls• 50 fountains and 620 fountain nozzles• 21 miles of water conduits• 3,600 cubic meters per hour: water• 26 acres of roof• 51,210 square meters of floors• 2,153 windows• 700 rooms• 67 staircases• 6,000 paintings• 1,500 drawings and 15,000 engravings• 2,100 sculptures• 5,000 items of furniture and objects dart• 150 varieties of apple and peach trees
Philip II of Spain• Sought to expand Spanish influence – ruled Spain when the empire was at its height. Included the Spanish New World• Devout: tried to strengthen Catholic church• Centralized royal power• Married Mary I of England – returned England to Catholicism• Invaded England with Spanish Armada against Elizabeth I – He lost most of the Armada.
Peter the Great of Russia• Goal = westernize Russia.• Forced powerful boyars to bow to his will.• Built modern Western city for Russian capital – St. Petersburg.• Spread serfdom.• Studied Western technology. Worked in a shipyard• Extended Russian territory – to Pacific Ocean.• 1700: Fought Sweden for control of Baltic. Gained several Baltic ports
Maria Theresa of Austria Fought Frederick II of Prussia for control of Hungary and Silesia Reorganized the government Enlightened Despot Eased tax burden on her people Gave more rights to her subjects Gave birth to 16 children while in power (Marie Antionette)
Frederick II of Prussia Attacked Austria, sparking the War of Austrian Succession Unified Prussia, part of the Holy Roman Empire, into one nation
• Monarchs used $ from their colonies to pay for their ambitions• Gov’ts built large armies and raised tax making citizens uneasy• Monarch increased their power to maintain order• Goal = free themselves from limitation and representative bodies like Parliament