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Presentation anemia
 

Presentation anemia

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anemia in teenage girls

anemia in teenage girls

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    Presentation anemia Presentation anemia Presentation Transcript

    • welcome
    • Presentation on
      ANEMIA
      IN TEENAGE GIRLS
      BY
      the students of IIIrd biochemistry.
      Sreekrishna college guruvayur.
    • ANEMIA
      • Definition:
      • Decreased level of Hb in blood below reference level for age and sex with plasma level with abnormal value.
    • ANEMIA
      Anemia is not a disease but a sign of some underlying disease.
    • Normal Levels
    • WHO Classification of Anemia
    • Blood
      the average human has 5 litres of blood
      it is a transporting fluid
      it carries vital substances to all parts of the body
    • COMPONENTS OF BLOOD
      COMPONENTS OF BLOOD
    • Components of Whole Blood
      Plasma(55% of whole blood)
      WBC and platelets(<1% of whole blood)
      Formed elements
      Erythrocytes(45% of whole blood)
      Withdraw blood and place in tube
      Centrifuge
      1
      2
    • Haemoglobin
      • gives red blood cells their colour
      • can carry up to 4 molecules of O2
      • associates and dissociates with O2
      • contains iron
    • IRON ABSORPTION
      • Essential for Hb formation.
      • Lack of anemia cause Fe deficiency anemia.
      • Vit c needs for iron abspn.
      IRON : AN ESSENTIAL ELEMENT
      • Essential for Hb formation.
      • Lack of anemia cause Fe deficiency anemia.
      • Vit c needs for iron abspn.
    • IRON RICH FOODS
    • IRON RICH FOODS
      SPINACH
    • DRIED FRIUTS
    • CEREALS
    • EGG
    • RED MEAT.
    • CHOCOLATE
    • SYMPTOMS
      SYMPTOMS
    • Symptoms
      Irritability
      Lack of Concentration
      Fatigue
      Infection
      Palpitation
      Weakness
      Dizziness
    • other symptoms:
      HEADACHE
    • HAIR LOSS
    • WEAKNESS
    • BRITTLE NAILS
    • PALE SKIN
    • DIFFICULTIES IN CONCENTRATE
    • Worm Infestations
      • Common cause of anemia in developing countries
      • Most common – hookworm infestation, Round worm, whip worm, etc.
      • Oral iron therapy becomes ineffective
    • ANEMIA: low erythrocytes
      Hemorrhagic anemia
      Hemolytic anemia
      Aplastic anemia
    • Hemorrhagic anemia
      result of acute or chronic loss of blood
    • Hemolytic anemia
      • prematurely ruptured erythrocytes
    • Aplastic anemia
      • destruction or inhibition of red bone marrow
      • Thalassemia
      • Sickle-cell anemia
      Anemia: Abnormal Hemoglobin
    • absent or faulty globin chain in hemoglobin
      Erythrocytes are thin, delicate, and deficient in hemoglobin
      Thalassemia
    • Sickle-cell anemia
      results from a defective gene
      Codes for an abnormal hemoglobin called hemoglobinS (HbS)
      This defect causes RBCs to become sickle-shaped in low oxygen situations
    • SICKLE CELL ANEMIA
    • Anemia: Decreased Hemoglobin Content
      • Iron deficiency anemia
      • Pernicious anemia
    • According to WHO,most common nutrient deficiency in world.
      A secondary result of hemorrhagic anemia
      Inadequate intake of iron-containing foods
      Impaired iron absorption
      Iron deficiency anemia
      • Deficiency of vitamin B12
      • Lack of intrinsic factor needed for absorption of B12
      • Treatment is intramuscular injection of B12
      Pernicious anemia
    • ANAEMIA: Preventable, Yet a Problem!!
    • Management Options
      Treat the cause before conception
      balanced diet, education and health support.
      Build up iron stores during adolescent phase
    • Bloodtransfusion
      Parenteral
      Oral Iron
      Human Recombinant
      Erythropoietin
      Injectable Iron
      Treatment
    • Oral Iron Therapy
      Ideal dose – 100mg per day (prophylactic)
      Ferrous gluconate, ferrous fumarate, ferrous succinate, ferrous sulphate, ferrous ascorbate citrate
      Rise in Hb – 0.8 gm / dl / week
      Side effects -G I upset most common
    • Diet Guide For Anemia
      • Increase your intake of iron
      • Iron from animal sources is more easily absorbed than iron from plant foods.
      • Vitamin C increases the uptake of iron, so add foods containing vitamin C (eg. orange juice, tomato salad)
      • Lack of vitamin B12 can contribute to anemia, intake of foods containing vitamin B12, such as beef, pork, eggs, cheese and milk.
      • Increase your intake of folate by adding these foods to your diet: green leafy vegetables, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, whole grains
    • TheWorld Health Organisationstates…
      ‘transfusion should be prescribed ONLY for conditions for which there is NO OTHER TREATMENT’
    • According to WHO:
      1st may 2010 – scientific anemia day.
    • THANK YOU VERY MUCH
    • PRESENTED BY :
      IIIrd biochemistry students
      Sreekrishna college guruvayur.