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A Presentation on " Emergency Management, Preparedness and Response " Presented by Mr Gagan, Officer on Special Duty - Department of Disaster Management Government of Bihar  at Workshop on Preparedness & Response for Emergencies and Times of Natural Disas
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A Presentation on " Emergency Management, Preparedness and Response " Presented by Mr Gagan, Officer on Special Duty - Department of Disaster Management Government of Bihar at Workshop on Preparedness & Response for Emergencies and Times of Natural Disas

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A Presentation on " Emergency Management, Preparedness and Response " Presented by Mr Gagan, Officer on Special Duty - Department of Disaster Management Government of Bihar at Workshop on …

A Presentation on " Emergency Management, Preparedness and Response " Presented by Mr Gagan, Officer on Special Duty - Department of Disaster Management Government of Bihar at Workshop on Preparedness & Response for Emergencies and Times of Natural Disaster, Patna, Bihar - India, Organised By :-Corporate Disaster Resource Network, For Report please go to :-http://www.cdrn.org.in"

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  • 1. Case Studies on Emergency Management, Preparedness and Response by Govt. of Bihar
    • Presentation by
    • Gagan
    • Officer on Special Duty
    • Disaster Management Department, Bihar
  • 2. Contents
    • Introduction
    • Mandate of State Government and SDMA
    • Vulnerability Analysis and Risk Assessment- An Overview
    • Paradigmatic shift in approach for Disaster Management
    • Preparedness of State Government/SDMA
    • Quick Response Mechanism
    • Emergency and Safety Management processes
    • Participatory Management for disaster mitigation, Community’s Role
    • Synergy with NGOs, CSOs, Other stakeholders
    • Case Study
      • 2007 flood in Bihar
      • 2008 Koshi flood
      • 2009 drought scenario
      • 2010 drought scenario
      • Kanti a Perosnal Experience
  • 3.
    • Bihar is one of the most disaster prone state of the country. Floods, droughts, cyclonic storms, earthquakes, heat/cold waves, river erosions, fire incidence etc. are various forms of disasters prevalent in the State
    • 17 % of the country’s Flood area in Bihar
    • Frequent change of river course & land erosion
    • Frequent Droughts
    • Earthquake Zone-IV & V (Some districts of North Bihar as vulnerable as Bhuj and kashmir)
    • High wind velocity in most parts- cyclonic storms
    • Quite often hailstorms
    • Recurrent village fires in summer months
    • Cold wave
    • Boat capsizing
    Bihar is Vulnerable to Multi-hazards
  • 4. The vulnerability of the State to Floods is indicated in the map:
  • 5. Map showing 15 worst flood prone and 28 flood prone districts in Bihar Worst flood prone districts Flood prone districts
  • 6.  
  • 7. Bihar wind hazard Map
  • 8. DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN BIHAR: MANDATE & FUNCTIONS
    • DEPARTMENT OF RELIEF & REHABILITATION SEPARATED- 1977-78
    • RENAMED DEPARTMENT OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT: 18-03-2004
    • MANDATE OF DMD- to reduce the vulnerability of people, especially the poor, to the effects of natural, environmental and human induced hazards to a manageable and acceptable humanitarian level.
    • MAIN FUNCTIONS:
      • Response and relief to disaster victims.
      • Capacity building (training & awareness)
      • Preventions, Preparedness and mitigation.
      • Rehabilitation and Reconstruction.
  • 9. State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA): Mandate & Function
    • Formed under section 14(1) of DM Act 2005
    • Headed by Hon’ble Chief Minister.
    • Can constitute an advisory committee of experts in Disaster Management.
    • Lays down the State Disaster Management Policy of the State.
    • Approves the State Plan in accordance with the guidelines of NDMA.
    • Co-ordinates and implements the state plan.
    • Lays down guidelines for various departments of government for the purpose of prevention and mitigation of disaster.
    • Can review the development plan of different departments.
    • Lays down detail guidelines for provision of standards of relief in accordance with the guidelines of NDMA.
  • 10. Vulnerability Analysis and Risk Assessment
    • Flood Disaster …..
    • The rivers Gandak, Budhi Gandak, Bagmati, Kamala, Bhutahi Balan, Mahananda, Maichi, the Adhawara group of rivers and the Kosi are major river systems originating in Tibet - Nepal Himalayas and flowing down at rapid pace to hit the plains of Bihar.
    • The destruction of forest cover in the lower Himalayas has led to precipitous runoff and large volumes of silt being carried down.
    • The river beds are now equal to or higher than the country side in North Bihar. Floods are, therefore, inevitable.
    • 73% of the area and 74 % of the population of the State is vulnerable to floods.
    • The areas vulnerable to floods in the State constitutes (16.4% ) of the total area vulnerable to floods in the country.
    • North Bihar is one of the most densely populated region in India (density of population being 926 in comparison to national average density of 324.
  • 11.
    • Earthquake disaster ……….
    • Out of 38 districts, 30 districts fall under seismic zone IV and V.
    • Himalayan region is still in the process of mountain formation and therefore. It makes north-eastern Bihar more vulnerable to earthquake.
    • Drought disaster …………
    • Irregular Monsoon and sharp decline in water table have created drought scenario in recent past.
    • 17 districts south of the river Ganges are facing water crisis this year.
    • Cyclonic Storms and wind hazards ….
    • Whole of Bihar particularly north Bihar is affected by cyclonic storms and wind hazards in the month of April almost every year.
    • State Government on its own initiative and resources has included cyclonic storms/ Thunder in the list of Natural disasters.
    • Fire ………
    • Whole of Bihar particularly north Bihar is affected by fire in the month of April to June.
  • 12. Contd….
    • High density of population, lack of awareness, Poverty, Livelihood largely based on Agriculture and Animal husbandry, Slow urbanization etc. lead to increased vulnerability.
    • lack of Earthquake resistant houses increased the risk for earthquake. Thatched houses increase fire incidents.
  • 13.
    • Till recently the focus of disaster management was on :Relief & Rehabilitation
    • But after passage of DM Act, 2005, and after adoption of National Disaster Management Policy 2009 a paradigm shift has taken place in the realm of disaster Management
    • Now the focus is shifting on :
      • Preparedness,
      • Mitigation
      • Response
      • Relief
      • Rehabilitation
      • Reconstruction
    • Disaster Management integral part of Development
    Disaster Management: The paradigm shift:
  • 14. Steps taken by State Government
    • Prevention/Mitigation/Preparedness
      • Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) has been prepared and enforced for the effective management of flood.
      • Guidelines prepared and circulated for 22line department to develop their Disaster Management Plans.
      • Draft of State Disaster Management Plan prepared and the finalization is underway.
      • FRP and Inflatable boats, life jackets have been provided to flood prone districts. 10 each (2-2 FRP and 8-8 inflatable) provided to most flood prone district.
      • 100 Life jackets each for 28 flood prone districts have been provided.
      • Tents for relief camps for all flood prone districts being purchased.
      • Polythene sheets in sufficient quantity for all flood prone districts being purchased.
      • GPS instruments provided upto Subdivision level.
      • BSNL DSPT – Satellite phone procure.
      • Allotment is given to the various district for maintenance of old Government boats & New boats .
      • EOC established in 14 districts under DRM programme.
      • Warehouses in districts for disaster relief martial storage.
  • 15.
    • B . Response
        • NDRF teams has been stationed at Bihta(Patna) for rescue & evacuation.
        • Steps have been taken to raise the battalion of SDRF for quick rescue and relief works during disaster. Interview started .
        • Training of Government Staff and volunteer’s for search and rescue and first aid in 15 flood prone districts.
        • Training of divers – 30 selected personnel from each district for search and rescue during flood and boat tragedy. Total 570 personnel have been trained.
        • Engineers of earth quake prone districts have been trained for the constructions of earth quake proof buildings.
  • 16.
    • C. Capacity Building/ Training
    • Community - the first responder
    • Master Trainers trained for Search and Rescue (SAR) with the help of NDRF. Refresher courses also organized.
    • Two volunteers each from 2205 flood prone Panchyats have been trained from 15 most flood prone districts.
    • TOT and Volunteers training for remaining 13 districts scheduled after Panchyat Election 2011.
    • List of Divers published on departmental website i.e. http://disastermgmt.bih.nic.in
  • 17. Quick Response Mechanism Circle/ Sub Division Control Room District Emergency Operating Centre/District Control Room/ District Magistrate State Emergency Operating System/ State Control Room/ Principal Secretary, Disaster Management Department State Executive Committee/ SDMA MHA/NDMA Community / Field Supervisor/ Local Search & Rescue (SAR) Team / Block , Circle, Subdivision Level concern Department District level concern department/ District Level SAR Team State level concern department
  • 18. Quick Response Cont… (Website for quick reference)
    • Meteorological Forecasting Division- Govt. of Nepal http://www.mfd.gov.np/
    • Central Water Commission of India http://www.india-water.com/
    • Water Resources Department, Govt. of Bihar http://wrd.bih.nic.in
    • Indian Meteorological Department http://www.imd.gov.in and www.mousam.gov.in
    • Disaster Management Department, Govt. of Bihar http://disastermgmt.bih.nic.in/
    • Ganga Flood Control Commission, Patna, Ministry of Water Resources, Govt. Of India http://gfcc.bih.nic.in/
    • National Informatics Centre- Weather Resource System for India- <http://weather.nic.in/>
    • Weather forecast for Nepal http://www.mfd.gov.np/
    • Weather forecast for Bihar from Yahoo http://weather.yahoo.com/india/bihar/bihar-2274908/
    • Flood Management Information System, Bihar http://www.fmis.bih.nic.in/
  • 19. Emergency and Safety Management processes
    • Early Warning System
      • Rainfall/ Precipitation report by IMD
      • Daily bulletin by CWC
      • Flood Reports by Water Resources Department
      • FMIS
    • Pre disaster safety management
      • Repair of Rain gauge
      • Dissemination of rainfall data
      • Identification of Population / Area to be affected and preparation of summary map
      • Resource Mapping
        • Listing of Country Boat locally available.
        • Repair of Boats
        • Purchase of New Boats.
        • Genset/ Petromax/ Tent/ Mahazal
  • 20.
        • State Food Corporation availability of food grain.
        • Sattu/ Salt/ Chura/ Gur/ Candle/ Match / K. Oil
        • Polythene Sheets
        • Medicine for human
        • Veterinary medicine
        • Availability of Fodder
        • Identification of Relief Center School Building, Community Hall, Aganwari Center etc.
      • Deputation of Field Officers
      • Nomination of Nodal Officers
      • Activation of EOCs at all levels
      • Communication plan with Telephone No./ Mobile no. of key persons, Regular updation.
      • Constitution of District Task Force.
      • Contingency crop scheme for Flood, Drought
      • Contingency plan for concern department
  • 21. Cont…….
    • Management during disaster
      • Quick damage assessment through local PRIs/ ULBs
      • Search and Rescue / Evacuation with the help of community and SAR teams.
      • Setting of Relief Centers
      • Deployment of NDRF/ Requisition of Army, Air force etc.
      • Co ordination with NGOs/CSOs, International Agency/ Corporate Sector.
      • Media Management
      • Grievance redressal mechanism
      • Daily, Weekly bulletin from department- publication on website.
      • Formulation of Memorandum for Center Government
      • Conduct of District/ Block level Public representative bodies.
  • 22. Participatory Management for disaster mitigation- Community’s Role
    • Village level disaster management teams/ Search & Rescue Teams constituted. There functions are:-
      • Search & Rescue/ Evacuation
      • To help community to protect themselves and their belonging during disasters.
      • To educate the community about exactly what to do during disasters.
      • To take immediate steps to allow the community to regain pre-disaster normalcy.
    • Disaster Relief Vigilance Committee constituted at Block and District level for identification of beneficiaries and relief management.
    • Proposed training of Civil Society/Citizenry for quick response.
  • 23. Synergy with NGOs, CSOs, Other stakeholders
    • Along with DMD, following entities play significant role for comprehensive disaster management:
    • Bihar Disaster Management Authority
    • Different Government Departments-
    • District administration, headed by District Magistrate
    • District Disaster Management Authority
    • Local Authorities, including Municipal corporation & District, Block, Gram Panchayats.
    • Volunteers agencies : NGOs, CBOs; youth organizations i.e. NSS, NCC, NYK, Mahila Magal Dals etc.
    • Public and Private Sector Enterprises and
    • Corporate Disaster Resource Network
    • COMMUNITY: the first responder
  • 24. Case Study- 2007 Flood
    • Heavy rainfall in the catchment areas of Bagmati, Kamla-Balan, Budhi-Gandak, the Adhwara group of rivers and the Kosi in the July, 2007 led to unprecedented floods in 19 districts of Bihar.
    • Rivers rose above danger levels and embankments were breached at 32 points inundating and devastating vast stretches of thickly populated areas.
  • 25. Flood-2007- Cont…….
    • A total of 264 blocks, 3817 Panchayats and 18832 villages were ravaged, affecting total population of 244.42 lakh & 27.13 Lakh live stock .
    • This flood was severest to date. 741 people died, 748328 houses were damaged & 2423 livestock was lost.
    • The state launched massive relief operations. A total of 8375 boats were deployed;
    • Special District Magistrates were deputed to worst affected districts and these districts were placed under individual Ministers who were stationed at the District Head Quarters.
    Contd……….
  • 26. Begusarai Barrage Breach Patna Inundated areas Breach at Kusaha Case Study- Koshi flood 2008
  • 27.
    • Name of affected Districts - Supaul, Madhepura, Saharsa, Araria, Purnia
    • No. of Blocks affected - 35
    • No. of Panchayats affected - 412
    • No. of villages affected - 993
    • Population affected - 3329423
    • Live Stock affected - 712140
    • Area affected in hac - 368000
    • No. of human deaths - 527
    • No. of live stock deaths - 19323
    • No. of houses damaged - 220174
    IMPACT
  • 28. Response
    • One of the largest ever evacuation operations - 993992 persons evacuated .
    • 3500 police personnel, more than 5,000 civilian personnel, 35 columns of Army, 4 columns of Navy & 855 NDRF personnel deployed for evacuation.
    • More than 1500 country boats (including 843 requisitioned from other districts) and 561 motor boats deployed.
    • Each unit made responsible for evacuation from specific panchayats.
  • 29. Response contd…
    • Every willing person evacuated – written reports from Army/NDRF/other units about their areas of responsibility.
    • Many people remained on embankment / canal banks/other high ground and refused to be evacuated as they wanted to be near the cattle / village.
    • Radio and pamphlets used to educate them on the need to come out – some people still remained behind.
  • 30.
    • Camp Management Contd…
    • Clothes and utensils have been given to each camp inmate (One dhoti / lungi / sari; One gamchha; clothes for children; One thali and one glass) from Chief Minister’s Relief Fund.
    • Money for clothes and utensils have been provided to the flood affected families from CRF .
  • 31.
    • HEALTH :
    • Health sub centre in each major camp with doctors on duty round the clock and free medicine.
    • Smaller camps covered by mobile teams.
    • A total of 514 doctors and 1588 paramedical staff deployed .
    • Ambulance in each major camp and earmarked ambulances for group of smaller camps. Total of 112 ambulances deployed.
    • Maternity huts in major camps – 1573deliveries conducted .
    Camp Management contd….
  • 32.
    • Health check and measles/OPV/TTV Vaccination and Vitamin A supplementation for camp inmates
    • One ASHA worker for every 3000 population in Govt. camps – responsible for chlorination of hand pumps, testing water quality and post natal visits for mothers and new born.
    • camps covered by fogging teams for vector control
    • ICDS centres established in all major camps.
    Camp Management contd….
  • 33. Health programmes in Relief Camps
    • Special drive launched to screen for TB, Malaria,
    • Kala-azar, Leprosy and Blindness in relief camps.
    • Majority of camps visited by specially oriented teams.
      • More than a lac persons screened for TB, Malaria, Kala-azar, Leprosy
      • 1485 sputum samples tested for T.B, 725 slides tested for malaria and 36,058 cases examined for Leprosy
      • 1321 cases of refractive error and 769 cases of cataract detected
  • 34.
    • 3750 temporary toilets were constructed.
    • Cleaning teams and bleaching powder for all camps.
    • 2155 hand pumps were installed.
    • 7 purification plants were installed.
    • Generators & solar lamps for lighting.
    Camp Management contd….
  • 35.
    • Schools set up for children in camps
    • Skill development programmes in camps.
    • Engagement to camp inmates within the camp (camp maintenance, food preparation etc.).
    • Work under NREGA & Shahari Rojgar Yojana near camps.
    • Cultural/sports/yoga activities.
    Camp Management contd….
  • 36.
    • 119 kitchens were set up for those remaining in the affected areas and refusing to come out.
    • Distribution of GR for those not in camps. 7.32 lacs quintals of grain and 178.14 crores in cash distributed.
    • Polio volunteer teams pressed into service for reaching flood affected villages. Target:
    • 1) To chlorinate the drinking water sources
    • 2) Sprinkling of Bleaching Powder for sanitation
    • 3) Distribution of Halogen tablets
    Outside Camps ….
  • 37.
      • 3,42,000 households supplied with halozone tablets
      • 2,53,908 handpumps and 5, 956 wells chlorinated
      • 3,20,858 household areas covered by bleaching powder spraying
    Outside Camps ….
  • 38. LIVESTOCK
    • 257 veterinary centres functional manned by 387 personnel.
    • 47,430 animals in camps.
    • 321630 animals vaccinated.
  • 39. Restoration of Communications
    • Task forces of engineers for each Block.
    • One Executive Engineer in charge of each block supported by 3 Assistant Engineers & 4 Junior Engineers.
    • Mission – restoring breaches.
    • Latest – 90% communication restored
  • 40. Case Study- Drought 2009
    • Late arrival of South West Monsoon
    • Crop coverage of Paddy around 42% in 1 st week of August 2009.
    • Crop coverage of Maize around 72%
    • Rainfall deficit in 2009 was 62%.
    • Crisis Management group formed on 22 nd June 2009 headed by Chief Secretary, Bihar
  • 41.  
  • 42. Steps taken by Government
    • Establishment of Crisis Management Group
    • Constitution of District Task Force to monitor the situation at district and lower level.
    • Formulation of Memorandum for Centre Government. Assistance of Rs. 23,071.13 crore sought but till date only 267.48 crore released.
    • Agriculture Sector
      • Rs. 26.62 Crore released to districts for Diesel Subsidy to save Paddy Seedlings.
      • Diesel subsidy in the tune of Rs. 318.96 crore sanctioned to irrigate Kharif Crops.
      • Rs. 50 Crore sanctioned for Seed Subsidy @ 50% of cost of the seed.
      • Advisories on contingent crop planning publicized.
      • New scheme named Bihar Bhujal Sinchai Yojana ( Bihar Groundwater Irrigation Scheme) started in all districts in which farmers are given a subsidy of Rs. 45% and loan of 45% for installing one pumpset and tubewell/ dugwell for irrigation; the farmers have to provide the margin money of 10%.
  • 43. Cont………
    • Energy Sector
      • Diversion of Power supply from Urban areas to Rural Areas for assured irrigation from 10.30 PM to 5.30 AM
      • Control Room made functional at Bihar State Electricity Board Hqrs. To monitor power supply in the Rural Areas.
      • Burnt Transformers replaced on priority basis in Rural Areas so that the farmers can irrigate their farms using their own electric pumps.
    • Drinking Water
      • Contingency plan for maintaining drinking water supply in the entire state in light of shortage of rainfall.
      • Scheme for Rs. 18.015 sanctioned for repair of 94,053 pumps and 6,142 drilled tube wells, inclusive of raising column pipe of drilled tube wells.
      • 37,991 hand pumps repaired, column pipe in 122 drilled tube well raised. 11,259 new hand pumps installed and 287 hand pumps made functional by deepening tube wells.
      • Action plan prepared for supplying drinking water through tankers/ PVC tanks for remote villages of Sub Plateau areas at estimated cost of Rs. 57.341 crore.
    • Health Sector
      • Instructions issued to all districts for addressing health issues in the context of prevailing situation.
      • Fully equipped Mobile Medical Units sanctioned for all districts; 24 districts to have such units by August end.
      • All necessary drugs available in all health facilities.
  • 44. Cont……….
    • Livestock Sector
      • Cattle camp organized near State tubewells
      • Fodder blocks manufacture started by Bihar State Cooperative Milk Federation (COMFED)
      • Funds made available to all districts to purchase veterinary medicines.
      • Awareness generation material published to save cattle from heat and water scarcity.
    • Employment Sector
      • Instructions issued to all districts to generate more employment opportunities in rural areas by taking projects related to tree plantation and water conservation.
      • Under NREGA, works related to water conservation like deepening of ponds, canals, pynes (canals) ahars (check dams); social forestry; micro irrigation works, provision of irrigation facility, drought proofing etc, taken up;
  • 45. Case Study- Drought 2010
    • 2 nd successive drought
    • Late arrival of South West Monsoon
    • Crop coverage of Paddy around 62.33% in 31 st July, 2010.
    • Rainfall deficit in June 2010 was 32% .
    • Crisis Management group already formed (on 22 nd June 2009 headed by Chief Secretary, Bihar)
  • 46. Status of Rainfall in 2010 Normal, 508.5 Actual, 392.8 0 200 400 600 MM Normal 508.5 Actual 392.8 1
  • 47. Steps taken by Government
    • Formulation of Memorandum for Centre Government. Assistance of Rs. 5062.75 crore sought. A supplementary memorandum for 10 districts sent to the Central Government. Assistance of Rs. 1510.70 crore sought. Total assistance sought 6573.45 crore. No amount released till date.
    • Agriculture Sector-
      • Diesel subsidy extended @ Rs. 200 per acre per irrigation for two irrigation for paddy seedlings. Diesel subsidy also extended @ Rs. 200 per acre per irrigation for three irrigation of transplanted Paddy and two irrigation of Maize for whole state.
      • Rs. 35.75 Crore released to districts for Diesel Subsidy to save Paddy seedlings.
      • An additional amount of Rs. 570.00 Crore sanctioned for Diesel Subsidy to irrigate Kharif crops.
      • Rs 50 crore sanctioned and released for Seed Subsidy for Kharif crops @ 50% of cost of the seed.
      • Weekly advisory note issued by Department of Agriculture to the Officers for their respective districts in consultation with scientists of Krishi Vigyan Kendras.
      • Contingency crop planning is being publicized through mass media.
      • Steps taken to encourage farmers to take ' toria ' as cash crops.
  • 48. Cont…..
      • Under Bihar Bhoojal Sinchai Yojana ( BIGWIS), farmers are being given a subsidy of 45% and loan of 45% for installing one pumpset and tubewell/dugwell for irrigation; farmers have to meet the margin money of 10%.
      • Steps being taken to energise the state tubewells non-functional due to electric faults and make those irrigation worthy.
    • Energy Sector-
      • A minimum power supply of 5-6 hours being ensured in the rural areas for irrigation.
      • Control Room made functional at Bihar State Electricity Board Hqrs. to monitor power supply in the Rural Areas.
      • Burnt/ defective Transformers being replaced on priority basis in Rural Areas so that the farmers can irrigate their farms using their own electric pumps.
    • Drinking Water -
      • Contingency plan estimated at Rs 585. 25 crore for maintaining drinking water supply in the entire state in light of shortage of rainfall.
      • Scheme for Rehabilitation/ Rejuvenation/Special repair of 34591 hand pump amounting Rs. 53.88675 crore sanctioned.
      • For sinking of 27083 sustainable Tubewells with India Mark-III pump scheme worth Rs. 130.5051 crore sanctioned.
      • Mini piped water supply Scheme worth Rs. 230.88 crore in small villages with electric pump for installing 1560 sets sanctioned.
      • Mini piped water supply Scheme worth Rs. 92.9445 crore in remote villages with solar pump for installing 473 sets sanctioned.
  • 49. Cont…….
    • Health Sector -
      • Instructions issued to all districts for addressing health issues in the context of prevailing situation
      • Fully equipped Mobile Medical Units sanctioned for all districts.
      • All necessary drugs available in all health facilities.
    • Livestock Sector -
      • Places identified with drinking water facilities for establishment of cattle camps (preferably near State tube-wells).
      • Fodder blocks manufacture started by Bihar State Cooperative Milk Federation (COMFED).
      • Funds made available to all districts to purchase veterinary medicines.
      • Awareness generation material published to save cattle from heat and water scarcity.
    • Employment Sector -
      • Instructions issued to all districts to generate more employment opportunities in rural areas by taking projects related to tree plantation and water conservation.
      • Under MNREGA, works related to water conservation like deepening of ponds, canals, pynes (canals), ahars (check dams); social forestry; micro irrigation works, provision of irrigation facility, drought proofing, etc., taken up;  
  • 50. Successful restoration of embankment near Kanti block in Muzaffarpur district
    • Embankment on river Gandak begin to crack due to whirling of water in the afternoon of 18 th August 2007. The area was actually in the Minapur Block , Muzaffarpur district. Contiguous to lies the Kanti Block and the Kanti Thermal Power Station.
    • The then district magistrate Sri Vinay Kumar, IAS instructed telephonically to rush to the spot to take necessary action.
    • Ward Councilor from Kanti Nagar Panchyat were called and their assistance in procuring logistical support like labourers, Tractors etc. was sought
    • G.M., KTPS, supplied fishplates and fly ash.
    • PCL working in the area supplied dumphers, Payloders, Plastic Bags etc. decides some technical personnel.
    • Finally the the crack was restored in the evening of 19 th August 2007.
    • It save not only KTPS- a major power plant in Bihar but also whole of Muzaffarpur Town
  • 51. Lesson learnt
    • Resource mapping at local level is a must.
    • A contingency plan with few alternative should be kept ready for all disasters.
    • More popular participation helps in better formulation and easy implementation of the plan.
    • Pro active approach by government is sine qua non.
    • Stake holders synergy helps in easy achievement of the task.
    • Government should participate in popular programmes. Rather than people participating in Government programmes.
  • 52. Evacuation : ARMY
  • 53. Immediate Response : Air Dropping
  • 54. Mega camp : Overview
  • 55. Community meal in Relief Camp
  • 56. Health Sub-Centre – Maternity Hut
  • 57. School in a Camp
  • 58. Restoration of Road Communications
  • 59. Aanganwadi Center in Relief Camp
  • 60. Free Telephone service in Relief Camp
  • 61. Overview of a camp
  • 62. Health Sub-Centre
  • 63. Maternity Hut:
  • 64. Paulo Coelho
    • If you want happiness for few minutes, take a nap; If you want happiness for few hours, go shopping; If you want to happiness for a day go fishing; & If you want to happiness for whole life, HELP OTHERS.
    • ***
    • Disaster Management helps us to achieve happiness for whole life by helping others.
  • 65. THANK YOU