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Grammar Book<br />Chabela Dover<br />3rd period <br />
Preterite- 						Slide 4<br />Trigger Words					Slide 5<br /> -car,-gar-zar						Slide 6<br /> Spock						Slide 7<br /> Sn...
<ul><li>Past Perfect						Slide 32
 Subjunctive Perfect						Slide 33
Tanto y tan							Slide 34
Impersonal “se”							Slide 35
 Sabervsconocer							Slide 36
 Los mandatos							Slide 37
Informal affirmative 	</li></ul>					Slide 38<br /><ul><li>Informal negative</li></ul>					Slide 39<br /><ul><li> Informal...
DOP/IOP placement						Slide 41
Formal affirmative						Slide 42
 Formal negative						Slide 43
Formal irregulars 						Slide 44
DOP/IOP placement						Slide 45
Nosotros affirmative 						Slide 46
Nosotros Negative 						Slide 47
Mono verbs							Slide 48
Subjunctive 							Slide 49
Irregulars							Slide 50
Tirgger phrases 						Slide 51
Impersonal Expressions 						Slide 52
Expressions of emotions 						Slide 53
Conjunctions of time 						Slide 54
Demonstrative Adjectives 						Slide 55
Demonstrative Pronouns 						Slide 56 </li></li></ul><li>	Preterite <br />Preterite<br />-Ar verbs<br />Completed action<b...
Car<br />Gar<br />Zar<br />
“Spock”<br />
“Snake”<br />
“Snakey”<br />
	Cucaracha Verbs <br />
Imperfect <br />-Ar verbs<br />Uncompleted action<br />no definite beginning or end<br />descriptive tense- Who, What, Whe...
Preterite vs Imperfect <br />
Irregulars<br />
Ser vsEstar<br />
Verbs like Gustar<br /> When gustar is followed by one or more verbs in the infinitve, take singular form. <br />Gustar is...
Comparatives<br />y<br />Superlatives<br />Malo<br />Bueno<br />Peor<br />Mejor<br />Joven<br />Viejo<br />Mayor<br />Meno...
Transition Words<br />
I/You/He, She, They/We/You all- WILL<br /> Infinitive + ending (endings are the same for<br />	 -ar, -er, -ir verbs <br />...
I<br />R<br />R<br />E<br />G<br />U<br />L<br />A<br />R<br />S<br />
Por<br /> Passing through- PORtal<br /> General rather tan specific location- PORtugal<br /> How long something lasts- POR...
Para<br /> For whom something is done- surprise PARAty<br />Destination- PARAguay<br />The purpose for which something is ...
Demonstrative Adjectives <br />Typically placed before the nouns that they modify. <br /> Must agree in number and gender<...
Demonstrative Pronouns <br />Same as demonstrative adjectives except demonstrative pronouns have an accent over the first ...
Conditional 							Slide 27<br />Irregulars							Slide 28<br /> Perfect tense							Slide 29<br />Present Perfect 							...
 Subjunctive Perfect						Slide 33</li></ul>Tanto y tan							Slide 34<br />Impersonal “se”							Slide 35<br /> Saber vsc...
Informal negative						Slide 39
 Informal irregulars						Slide 40
DOP/IOP placement						Slide 41
Formal affirmative						Slide 42
 Formal negative						Slide 43
Formal irregulars 						Slide 44
DOP/IOP placement						Slide 45</li></ul>Nosotros affirmative 						Slide 46<br />Nosotros Negative 						Slide 47<br /><u...
Subjunctive 							Slide 49</li></ul>Irregulars							Slide 50<br />Tirgger phrases 						Slide 51<br />Impersonal Express...
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Transcript of "Grammar book"

  1. 1. Grammar Book<br />Chabela Dover<br />3rd period <br />
  2. 2. Preterite- Slide 4<br />Trigger Words Slide 5<br /> -car,-gar-zar Slide 6<br /> Spock Slide 7<br /> Snake Slide 8<br />Snakey Slide 9<br />Cucaracha Slide 10 <br />Imperfect Slide 11<br />Trigger Words Slide 12<br /> Irregulars Slide 13<br /> Preterite vs Imperfect Slide 14<br /> Ser vsEstarSlide 15<br /> Verbs like Gustar Slide 16<br /> Comparatives and Superlatives Slide 17<br />TriggerWords Slide 18<br /> Future Slide 19<br /> Trigger Words Slide 20<br /> Irregulars Slide 21<br />Por Slide 22<br /> Para Slide 23<br />Demonstrative Adjectives <br /> Slide 24<br />Demonstrative Pronouns <br /> Slide 25<br /> Table of Contents Semester 2 Slide 26<br />Conditional Slide 27<br />Irregulars Slide 28<br /> Perfect tense Slide 29<br />Present Perfect Slide 30<br />Present Perfect Irregulars Slide 31<br />Tabla de Materias<br />
  3. 3. <ul><li>Past Perfect Slide 32
  4. 4. Subjunctive Perfect Slide 33
  5. 5. Tanto y tan Slide 34
  6. 6. Impersonal “se” Slide 35
  7. 7. Sabervsconocer Slide 36
  8. 8. Los mandatos Slide 37
  9. 9. Informal affirmative </li></ul> Slide 38<br /><ul><li>Informal negative</li></ul> Slide 39<br /><ul><li> Informal irregulars Slide 40
  10. 10. DOP/IOP placement Slide 41
  11. 11. Formal affirmative Slide 42
  12. 12. Formal negative Slide 43
  13. 13. Formal irregulars Slide 44
  14. 14. DOP/IOP placement Slide 45
  15. 15. Nosotros affirmative Slide 46
  16. 16. Nosotros Negative Slide 47
  17. 17. Mono verbs Slide 48
  18. 18. Subjunctive Slide 49
  19. 19. Irregulars Slide 50
  20. 20. Tirgger phrases Slide 51
  21. 21. Impersonal Expressions Slide 52
  22. 22. Expressions of emotions Slide 53
  23. 23. Conjunctions of time Slide 54
  24. 24. Demonstrative Adjectives Slide 55
  25. 25. Demonstrative Pronouns Slide 56 </li></li></ul><li> Preterite <br />Preterite<br />-Ar verbs<br />Completed action<br />occured in fixed time<br />actions performed a specific number of times<br />-Er/Ir verbs<br />used for actions that are chained <br />used for sudden changes of moods, feelings, or opinions.<br />
  26. 26.
  27. 27. Car<br />Gar<br />Zar<br />
  28. 28. “Spock”<br />
  29. 29. “Snake”<br />
  30. 30. “Snakey”<br />
  31. 31. Cucaracha Verbs <br />
  32. 32. Imperfect <br />-Ar verbs<br />Uncompleted action<br />no definite beginning or end<br />descriptive tense- Who, What, When, Where<br />-Er/Ir verbs<br />
  33. 33.
  34. 34. Preterite vs Imperfect <br />
  35. 35. Irregulars<br />
  36. 36. Ser vsEstar<br />
  37. 37. Verbs like Gustar<br /> When gustar is followed by one or more verbs in the infinitve, take singular form. <br />Gustar is often used in conditional (would, should, could) to soften a request <br />Conditional<br />
  38. 38. Comparatives<br />y<br />Superlatives<br />Malo<br />Bueno<br />Peor<br />Mejor<br />Joven<br />Viejo<br />Mayor<br />Menor<br />
  39. 39. Transition Words<br />
  40. 40. I/You/He, She, They/We/You all- WILL<br /> Infinitive + ending (endings are the same for<br /> -ar, -er, -ir verbs <br />El Futuro<br />
  41. 41.
  42. 42. I<br />R<br />R<br />E<br />G<br />U<br />L<br />A<br />R<br />S<br />
  43. 43. Por<br /> Passing through- PORtal<br /> General rather tan specific location- PORtugal<br /> How long something lasts- PORever<br /> The cause of something- PORpuse<br /> An exchange- imPORt/exPORt<br />Doing something in place of or instead of someone else- Impor, pay for me<br /> A means of transportation- trasnPORtation<br />
  44. 44. Para<br /> For whom something is done- surprise PARAty<br />Destination- PARAguay<br />The purpose for which something is done- PARAsite<br />To express an opinion- PARAdon me, but…<br />To contrast or compare<br />Para meastra, no sabe mucho de lasmatematicas. <br />To express idea of deadline- PARAmedic<br />
  45. 45. Demonstrative Adjectives <br />Typically placed before the nouns that they modify. <br /> Must agree in number and gender<br />
  46. 46. Demonstrative Pronouns <br />Same as demonstrative adjectives except demonstrative pronouns have an accent over the first –e. <br />
  47. 47. Conditional Slide 27<br />Irregulars Slide 28<br /> Perfect tense Slide 29<br />Present Perfect Slide 30<br />Present Perfect Irregulars Slide 31<br /><ul><li>Past Perfect Slide 32
  48. 48. Subjunctive Perfect Slide 33</li></ul>Tanto y tan Slide 34<br />Impersonal “se” Slide 35<br /> Saber vsconocer Slide 36<br /> Los mandatos Slide 37<br /><ul><li>Informal affirmative Slide 38
  49. 49. Informal negative Slide 39
  50. 50. Informal irregulars Slide 40
  51. 51. DOP/IOP placement Slide 41
  52. 52. Formal affirmative Slide 42
  53. 53. Formal negative Slide 43
  54. 54. Formal irregulars Slide 44
  55. 55. DOP/IOP placement Slide 45</li></ul>Nosotros affirmative Slide 46<br />Nosotros Negative Slide 47<br /><ul><li>Mono verbs Slide 48
  56. 56. Subjunctive Slide 49</li></ul>Irregulars Slide 50<br />Tirgger phrases Slide 51<br />Impersonal Expressions Slide 52<br />Expressions of emotions Slide 53<br />Conjunctions of time Slide 54<br />Demonstrative Adjectives Slide 55<br />Demonstrative Pronouns Slide 56 <br />
  57. 57. Conditional<br />
  58. 58. Conditional irregulars<br /> Same as futuro<br />
  59. 59. Perfect tenses<br /> Compound tenses made of two parts <br />Helping verb <br /> past participle <br /><ul><li> three main tenses: present, past, future
  60. 60. portray action as completed, not in progress</li></li></ul><li>Present <br />
  61. 61. Present- Perfect Irregulars<br />
  62. 62. Past<br />because the past perfect is a compound tense, two verbs are required: the main verb and the auxiliary verb.<br />
  63. 63. Perfect Subjunctive<br />The perfect subjunctive is the same thing as past perfect. <br />In Spanish, the past perfect tense is formed by using the imperfect tense of the auxiliary verb "haber" with the past participle. Haber isconjugated as follows:<br />habíahabíashabíahabíamoshabíaishabían<br />because the past perfect is a compound tense, two verbs are required: the main verb and the auxiliary verb.<br />
  64. 64. Tanto y tan<br />
  65. 65. Impersonal “se”<br />
  66. 66. Saber vsconocer<br />
  67. 67. Los mandatos<br />Commands are used when ordering, or telling someone to do something. This is often referred to as the "imperative" form of the verb.<br />
  68. 68. Informal Affirmative<br />
  69. 69. Informal Negative<br />Telling someone NOT TO DO something<br />
  70. 70. Informal irregulars<br />
  71. 71. DOP/IOP Placement<br />
  72. 72. Formal affirmative<br /> telling someone TO DO something <br />
  73. 73. Formal negative<br /> Telling someone NOT TO DO something <br />conjugated just like formal affirmative <br />
  74. 74. Formal irregulars<br />
  75. 75. DOP/IOP placement<br />
  76. 76. Nosotros Affirmative commands <br />
  77. 77. Nosotros negative commands<br />
  78. 78. Nosotros- mono verbs<br />When the verb is reflexive, (DOP is nos) use amonos or emonos instead of amosnos or emosnos. <br />Ar- emonos<br />Er/Ir- amonos<br />
  79. 79. Subjunctive<br />Subjunctive <br />Have to have: <br /> Two opposing subjects <br /> Trigger phrase <br /> First clause indicates use of subjunctive <br />Conjugation: Make like formal commands <br />Iregulars: TVDISHES<br />Tener<br />Venir<br />Decir/Dar<br />Ir<br /> Ser<br />Hacer/Haber<br />Estar<br /> Saber<br />Indicative <br />
  80. 80. irregulars<br />
  81. 81. Trigger phrases<br />
  82. 82. Impersonal expressions<br />
  83. 83. Expressions of emotion<br />
  84. 84.
  85. 85. Demonstrative Adjectives <br />Typically placed before the nouns that they modify. <br /> Must agree in number and gender<br />
  86. 86. Demonstrative Pronouns <br />Same as demonstrative adjectives except demonstrative pronouns have an accent over the first –e. <br />
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