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Grammar book Grammar book Presentation Transcript

  • Grammar Book
    Chabela Dover
    3rd period
  • Preterite- Slide 4
    Trigger Words Slide 5
    -car,-gar-zar Slide 6
    Spock Slide 7
    Snake Slide 8
    Snakey Slide 9
    Cucaracha Slide 10
    Imperfect Slide 11
    Trigger Words Slide 12
    Irregulars Slide 13
    Preterite vs Imperfect Slide 14
    Ser vsEstarSlide 15
    Verbs like Gustar Slide 16
    Comparatives and Superlatives Slide 17
    TriggerWords Slide 18
    Future Slide 19
    Trigger Words Slide 20
    Irregulars Slide 21
    Por Slide 22
    Para Slide 23
    Demonstrative Adjectives
    Slide 24
    Demonstrative Pronouns
    Slide 25
    Table of Contents Semester 2 Slide 26
    Conditional Slide 27
    Irregulars Slide 28
    Perfect tense Slide 29
    Present Perfect Slide 30
    Present Perfect Irregulars Slide 31
    Tabla de Materias
    • Past Perfect Slide 32
    • Subjunctive Perfect Slide 33
    • Tanto y tan Slide 34
    • Impersonal “se” Slide 35
    • Sabervsconocer Slide 36
    • Los mandatos Slide 37
    • Informal affirmative
    Slide 38
    • Informal negative
    Slide 39
    • Informal irregulars Slide 40
    • DOP/IOP placement Slide 41
    • Formal affirmative Slide 42
    • Formal negative Slide 43
    • Formal irregulars Slide 44
    • DOP/IOP placement Slide 45
    • Nosotros affirmative Slide 46
    • Nosotros Negative Slide 47
    • Mono verbs Slide 48
    • Subjunctive Slide 49
    • Irregulars Slide 50
    • Tirgger phrases Slide 51
    • Impersonal Expressions Slide 52
    • Expressions of emotions Slide 53
    • Conjunctions of time Slide 54
    • Demonstrative Adjectives Slide 55
    • Demonstrative Pronouns Slide 56
  • Preterite
    Preterite
    -Ar verbs
    Completed action
    occured in fixed time
    actions performed a specific number of times
    -Er/Ir verbs
    used for actions that are chained
    used for sudden changes of moods, feelings, or opinions.
  • Car
    Gar
    Zar
  • “Spock”
  • “Snake”
  • “Snakey”
  • Cucaracha Verbs
  • Imperfect
    -Ar verbs
    Uncompleted action
    no definite beginning or end
    descriptive tense- Who, What, When, Where
    -Er/Ir verbs
  • Preterite vs Imperfect
  • Irregulars
  • Ser vsEstar
  • Verbs like Gustar
    When gustar is followed by one or more verbs in the infinitve, take singular form.
    Gustar is often used in conditional (would, should, could) to soften a request
    Conditional
  • Comparatives
    y
    Superlatives
    Malo
    Bueno
    Peor
    Mejor
    Joven
    Viejo
    Mayor
    Menor
  • Transition Words
  • I/You/He, She, They/We/You all- WILL
    Infinitive + ending (endings are the same for
    -ar, -er, -ir verbs
    El Futuro
  • I
    R
    R
    E
    G
    U
    L
    A
    R
    S
  • Por
    Passing through- PORtal
    General rather tan specific location- PORtugal
    How long something lasts- PORever
    The cause of something- PORpuse
    An exchange- imPORt/exPORt
    Doing something in place of or instead of someone else- Impor, pay for me
    A means of transportation- trasnPORtation
  • Para
    For whom something is done- surprise PARAty
    Destination- PARAguay
    The purpose for which something is done- PARAsite
    To express an opinion- PARAdon me, but…
    To contrast or compare
    Para meastra, no sabe mucho de lasmatematicas.
    To express idea of deadline- PARAmedic
  • Demonstrative Adjectives
    Typically placed before the nouns that they modify.
    Must agree in number and gender
  • Demonstrative Pronouns
    Same as demonstrative adjectives except demonstrative pronouns have an accent over the first –e.
  • Conditional Slide 27
    Irregulars Slide 28
    Perfect tense Slide 29
    Present Perfect Slide 30
    Present Perfect Irregulars Slide 31
    • Past Perfect Slide 32
    • Subjunctive Perfect Slide 33
    Tanto y tan Slide 34
    Impersonal “se” Slide 35
    Saber vsconocer Slide 36
    Los mandatos Slide 37
    • Informal affirmative Slide 38
    • Informal negative Slide 39
    • Informal irregulars Slide 40
    • DOP/IOP placement Slide 41
    • Formal affirmative Slide 42
    • Formal negative Slide 43
    • Formal irregulars Slide 44
    • DOP/IOP placement Slide 45
    Nosotros affirmative Slide 46
    Nosotros Negative Slide 47
    • Mono verbs Slide 48
    • Subjunctive Slide 49
    Irregulars Slide 50
    Tirgger phrases Slide 51
    Impersonal Expressions Slide 52
    Expressions of emotions Slide 53
    Conjunctions of time Slide 54
    Demonstrative Adjectives Slide 55
    Demonstrative Pronouns Slide 56
  • Conditional
  • Conditional irregulars
    Same as futuro
  • Perfect tenses
    Compound tenses made of two parts
    Helping verb
    past participle
    • three main tenses: present, past, future
    • portray action as completed, not in progress
  • Present
  • Present- Perfect Irregulars
  • Past
    because the past perfect is a compound tense, two verbs are required: the main verb and the auxiliary verb.
  • Perfect Subjunctive
    The perfect subjunctive is the same thing as past perfect.
    In Spanish, the past perfect tense is formed by using the imperfect tense of the auxiliary verb "haber" with the past participle. Haber isconjugated as follows:
    habíahabíashabíahabíamoshabíaishabían
    because the past perfect is a compound tense, two verbs are required: the main verb and the auxiliary verb.
  • Tanto y tan
  • Impersonal “se”
  • Saber vsconocer
  • Los mandatos
    Commands are used when ordering, or telling someone to do something. This is often referred to as the "imperative" form of the verb.
  • Informal Affirmative
  • Informal Negative
    Telling someone NOT TO DO something
  • Informal irregulars
  • DOP/IOP Placement
  • Formal affirmative
    telling someone TO DO something
  • Formal negative
    Telling someone NOT TO DO something
    conjugated just like formal affirmative
  • Formal irregulars
  • DOP/IOP placement
  • Nosotros Affirmative commands
  • Nosotros negative commands
  • Nosotros- mono verbs
    When the verb is reflexive, (DOP is nos) use amonos or emonos instead of amosnos or emosnos.
    Ar- emonos
    Er/Ir- amonos
  • Subjunctive
    Subjunctive
    Have to have:
    Two opposing subjects
    Trigger phrase
    First clause indicates use of subjunctive
    Conjugation: Make like formal commands
    Iregulars: TVDISHES
    Tener
    Venir
    Decir/Dar
    Ir
    Ser
    Hacer/Haber
    Estar
    Saber
    Indicative
  • irregulars
  • Trigger phrases
  • Impersonal expressions
  • Expressions of emotion
  • Demonstrative Adjectives
    Typically placed before the nouns that they modify.
    Must agree in number and gender
  • Demonstrative Pronouns
    Same as demonstrative adjectives except demonstrative pronouns have an accent over the first –e.