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History 198 final
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History 198 final

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  • 1.
    • What do the major figures we’ve studied in the second half of the course (Bin Laden, Amin, Mao) have in common?
    The three were all very militant leaders, and went to the extreme for their causes. Idi Amin flushed out all western influences in Africa, such as the British and the Asian population, along with the jews as well. If they weren’t exiled from Uganda, then they were forced to do personal deeds for Amin in order to embarrass them. <br />Mao Zedong stopped all trading with western countries, and even went to the point of not letting any Americans or other westerners in China. Communism was the only way to live in China at the time, the people were forced to take all western influences out of their lives, such as bourgeois like glasses and certain novels. Mao also went to the extreme of making the country perfect. He tried acts such as getting rid of flies and robbins at the expense of messing up the ecosystem around the people, making an influx of mosquitoes and other pests. The Great leap forward started in 1958, it organized the entire nation and was a revolutionary movement. The point of the movement was to surpass the U.S. and Britain in steel production, but since the people would lie about their quotas to appease Mao and the revolution, but because of their actions, numbers were off and the economy of China was ruined. China then refused financial aid from the U.N. <br />Osama Bin laden believes that Muslims should be ruled the sharija, the Islamic ideal of religious ruling amongst the people. Him, along with other Islamic fundamentalists, believed that Muslims were superior because their victory over the USSR in the late 70’s and 80’s, and they also deny any help from the U.S. in their war against the Soviets. Project Bojinka was when Islamic fundamentalists planned the assassination of Pope John Paul II because he was the religious figure of a western society. Also, the camp david accords was the assassination of the President of Egypt, Amar Sadat, when he acknowledged Israel as a state. The assassination took place in 1981.<br />
    • How did events such as the cold war effect decisions made by these leaders and their governments?
    The Berlin conference of 1884 colonized Africa and made borders, while not taking into consideration of rival tribes in Africa. Borders were made unevenly, and in foreign interests, causing major conflicts between rival tribes that were stuck neighboring with each other. These foreign influences then led to the decolonization of Africa and the rise of Idi Amin. Due to Idi Amin’s pan-Africanist ideas, the decolonization led to Amin expelling, and discriminating, the foreign influences of Uganda.<br />In the Muslim world, the rise of the USSR and their attack on Afghanistan gave the Muslims a false sense of achievement and empowerment which led them to believe that they needed no Western help, and gave them a warped perspective on the Western world. The creation of Israel also led the Muslim world to despise western influences, and commit acts Jihad on the Jews of Israel, which has led to probably a never-ending war in the Middle East. The U.N. also decided to partition Palestine in order to split it between the Jews and Arabs, which led to more war in the Middle East. One of the major events that happened in the Middle East was the six day war in 1967, in which the United States funded Israel in order to take over the Ghaza Strip and the West Bank in Israel. After the Cold War, Afghanistan was split into two regions; the northern alliance and the Taliban controlled areas.<br />In China, one of the biggest events that influenced the people was the Long March. The march was from southern China to the Yan’an where 100,000 people started the march, and then only 20,000 people finished the march. Eventually, Yan’an is where the Communist party in china set up their headquarters, and then started practicing guerilla tactics. The Manchurian incident of 1931 happened when the Japanese staged a railway bombing and then blamed China for it so the Japanese could invade China, where, eventually, Japan made a new state in Manchuria, Manchukuo. One of the biggest events in Chinese history was the rape of Nanking from 1937-1938, in which Japan invaded China where 300,000 people were killed in eight weeks. The invasion included the rape of women and their executions out in the streets.<br />