Proposal defense sabrina


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Proposal defense sabrina

  1. 1. 字尾與短期記憶在單字學習速 度之差異 Suffix and Short-term Memory in Vocabulary Learning Speed Advisor: Dr. Yen Hsi Lee Committee: Dr. Chin-Ling Lee Dr. Chin-Ying Lin Presenter: Shin Hua Wu Date: December 23, 2013
  2. 2. Contents Introduction Literature Review Methodology 2
  3. 3. Introduction Background Purpose Research questions Significance
  4. 4. Purpose of the study • The purpose of the this study aims at investigating the influence of the short-term memory by using suffix word strategy. altitude 4
  5. 5. Background of the study • English is a communication tool. It is a basic condition for people who work in the future. • Vocabulary is a basis of learning language. It also can deliver speakers’ meaning, thoughts, and opinions. • Vocabulary learning strategy is an important issue for language learners. 5
  6. 6. Research Questions 1. Is there any significance of the vocabularylearning accuracy through suffix word strategy? 2. Is there any influence on suffix word strategy and short-term memory? 6
  7. 7. The significance of the study • This study will help language learners enrich the vocabulary through suffix word strategy in short-term period. Moreover, the influences between suffix word strategy and short-term memory, it is worth investigating. 7
  8. 8. Literature Review •The importance of vocabulary •The structure of vocabulary •The importance of learning strategy •The definition of suffix word •The influence of short-term memory •The influence of the vocabulary learning strategy for language learners 8
  9. 9. What is the structure of vocabulary Students tend to use the term “word”, presumably for ease and convenience, when we are really referring to some very specialist definitions of the term, such as types, tokens, lemmas and word families.” (Milton, 2009) 9
  10. 10. The importance of vocabulary Although body language or gesture can assist that people want to express, meaning and thought are limited. A vocabulary without grammar can convey the meaning. “Vocabulary is the basic access to language.” (Zahedi & Abdi, 2012) 10
  11. 11. Without grammar very little can be conveyed, without vocabulary nothing can be conveyed. (Wilkins, 1972) 11
  12. 12. Vocabulary has always been one of the significant issues related both with teachers and learners of foreign languages. (Zahedi & Abdi, 2012) 12
  13. 13. If you spend most of your time studying grammar, your English will not improve very much. You will see more improvement if you learn more words and expressions. You can say almost anything with words. (Thornburry, 2002) 13
  14. 14. The definition of suffix word • In linguistics, the suffix word means an affix which is placed after the stem of a word. • Common examples are case endings, which indicate the grammatical case of nouns or adjectives, and verb endings, which form the conjugation of verbs. • Suffix is called an affirmative, as they can alter the form of the words to which they are fixed. 14
  15. 15. The influence of the vocabulary learning strategy for language learners The memory strategies as a vocabulary learning strategy is more effective than word lists to improve language level. (Sozler, 2012) 15
  16. 16. The importance of learning strategy Learning strategies are the thoughts and actions that individuals use to accomplish a learning goal. (Chamot, 2004) 16
  17. 17. Memory, cognitive and compensation strategies are incorporated into the direct strategy and the indirect strategy is also subdivided metacognitive, affective and social strategies. (Oxford, 1990) 17
  18. 18. The influence of short-term memory • Short-term memory (STM) is also called primary or active memory. • It is capacity for holding a small amount of information in mind in an active, readily available state or a short period of time. • People can commonly cited capacity is 7 elements in short-term memory. 2 (Boutla, Supalla, Newport & Bavelier, 2004). 18
  19. 19. (Boutla, Supalla, Newport & Bavelier, 2004). 19
  20. 20. Methodology Participants Setting Instrument Procedures Questionnaire design and measures 20
  21. 21. Participants and setting • Department of AE • Vocabulary course • male and female •Sophomore •19 to 20 years old Age Site • Chaoyang University of Technology 60 students Time • December, 2013 21
  22. 22. Instrument • It will give the handout of the suffix word and the handout will have integrated. • The questionnaire has five options strongly agree, agree, no comment, disagree and strongly disagree. (Appendix B) • The contents of the questionnaire are related to suffix word strategy and short-term memory. 22
  23. 23. Procedures give and explain the suffix word handout after explaining the handout participants should write down the correct answers a correct answer, get five points finish the test, sign the consent form before fill in the questionnaire fill in the questionnaire without discussing with the classmates 23
  24. 24. Questionnaire design and measures suffix word handout classifying from the vocabulary book (Cheng and Lu, 2013) Totally 20 items test paper Totally 20 items English → Chinese Chinese → English one correct answer, will get the five points (totally 100 scores) questionnaire 38 items five options 24
  25. 25. Appendices (Chen & Lu, 2013) 25
  26. 26. (Chen & Lu, 2013) 26
  27. 27. Appendix C Section I: Personal Information 1. Gender: □Male □Female 2. I have learned English for _____ years. 3. I usually speak in _____. □English □Chinese □Taiwanese □Hakka □others 4. I am a ______ language learner. □audile □eye-minded □tactile □colloquialism (Cheng, 2005 & Liao, 2008) 27
  28. 28. Appendix C Section II: suffix word strategy item Strongly agree agree No comment disagree Strongly disagree No comment disagree Strongly disagree I learned vocabulary through the suffix word strategy that is helpful for me. Section III: short-term memory item Strongly agree agree Using the suffix word strategy helps me memory vocabulary in short-term memory. (Cheng, 2005 & Liao, 2008) 28
  29. 29. Thank you!  29