Art Movements

Abstract Expressionism
  to Conceptual Art
Art Movements
   To begin click on a movement. Learn about aspects of the movement.
               Then click on a highlig...
Abstract Expressionism
• Paint and draw using instinct, psychic self-expression to
  spontaneously arrange space, line, sh...
Jackson Pollock
Jackson Pollock, American, 1912-1956      Using a drip technique by which he
Autumn Rhythm (Number 30) 195...
Willem de
                                           Kooning
                                              Willem de
     ...
Most of his works consist of
three or four bands of color, “the
simple expression of the complex
thought”. The Edges of sh...
Op Art
• Optical Art, where perception is abstracted
• Mid-1950s to early 1970s
• Optical illusions giving the illusion of...
Bridget Riley 1931-
                                Fission 1963
                                Tempera on Board
        ...
Albers Work deals with the
                                                    effect of color on the eye. That
          ...
Pop Art
• Late 1950s to 1960s
• Reflection of modern culture and Post War
  Consumer Culture
• Comical and Object based su...
Andy Warhol
              Andy Warhol, American, 1930 – 1987
              Mao, 1972
              Silkscreen Print
      ...
Roy Lichtenstein
                                                         Lichtenstein uses bold black
                   ...
Minimalism
• 1960’s to 1970’s in the United States
• Idea was to strip the medium to the essentials
• Most work of this mo...
Serra creates large scale steel sculptures
Richard Serra   using the nature of his materials to his
                advant...
Frank Stella, American, 1936 –
Quathlamba II       1967             Frank Stella paints the the
Color Lithograph          ...
Conceptual Art
• Mid-1960’s to 1970’s, World Wide Movement
• Idea based works, present a reaction to the
  business of art...
Lawrence Weiner
                                   Weiner like many
                                   conceptual artist s...
Oppenheim is known for
his
Conceptual, Performance,
and Earth Art. His work
shown on the right is mix
of all of these thin...
Joseph Kosuth                         Kosuth works in limitations, exploring the
One and Three Chairs , 1969           Nat...
References
Baigell, Matthew. A Concise History Of American Painting And Sculpture: Revised Edition.
   United States: West...
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Art Movements Post Wwii

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Art Movements Post Wwii

  1. 1. Art Movements Abstract Expressionism to Conceptual Art
  2. 2. Art Movements To begin click on a movement. Learn about aspects of the movement. Then click on a highlighted artist to learn more. Click on the artist name to connect to their web biographies. Click on the text in the bottom corner to return. • Abstract • Minimalism Expressionism • Conceptual Art • Op Art • Pop Art
  3. 3. Abstract Expressionism • Paint and draw using instinct, psychic self-expression to spontaneously arrange space, line, shape, and color. • Encompasses Action and Color Field Painting – Action is more violent and about the physical act of painting over subject matter – Color Field is calmer using large canvases with saturated painting • From the Mid- 1940s to the 1950s • Artists: Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Franz Kline, Ad Reinhardt, Lee Krasner ect. Art Movements
  4. 4. Jackson Pollock Jackson Pollock, American, 1912-1956 Using a drip technique by which he Autumn Rhythm (Number 30) 1950 controlled the the application of multiple Enamel on Canvas layers of paint created through the physical The Metropolitan Museum of Art action of painting. Abstract Expressionism
  5. 5. Willem de Kooning Willem de Kooning, American, 1904 – 1997, known for his depictions of women that later become light open abstractions. Using flat bold color and vast whites that create expansive space. Willem de Kooning; American, 1904 – 1997 Untitled XIII 1985 oil on canvas The Cleveland Museum of Art Abstract Expressionism
  6. 6. Most of his works consist of three or four bands of color, “the simple expression of the complex thought”. The Edges of shapes are feathered and soft. The paints are applied by rags and sponges creating many layers and depth. Mark Rothko Mark Rothko, American, born in Russia, 1903-1970 No. 13 (White, Red on Yellow) 1958 Oil and acrylic with powdered pigments on canvas Abstract Expressionism The Metropolitan Museum of Art
  7. 7. Op Art • Optical Art, where perception is abstracted • Mid-1950s to early 1970s • Optical illusions giving the illusion of movement or depth • Often Non-representational • Prescience geometric shapes and lines that repeated creating dimension • Subject matter is non-representational • Artists: Josef Albers, Bridget Riley, Victor Vasarely, Richard Anuszkiewicz, Julian Stanczak, ect. Art Movements
  8. 8. Bridget Riley 1931- Fission 1963 Tempera on Board University of California, San Diego Bridget Riley Riley’s work creates the feeling of movement here using black shapes on white. The use of other geometric shapes in her work produce the sensation of movement or color for the viewer. Op Art
  9. 9. Albers Work deals with the effect of color on the eye. That creates a relationship between figure and ground. Crisp forms are often created using Screen- printing so as to not detract from the form with brushstrokes. Josef Albers Josef Albers, American, born in Germany 1888-1976 Homage to the Square: Soft Spoken 1969 Oil on Masonite The Metropolitan Museum of Art Op Art
  10. 10. Pop Art • Late 1950s to 1960s • Reflection of modern culture and Post War Consumer Culture • Comical and Object based subject matter with ideas that are highly recognizable. • Vivid Colors, bold shapes • Artists: Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, David Hockney, Tom Wesselmann, ect. Art Movements
  11. 11. Andy Warhol Andy Warhol, American, 1930 – 1987 Mao, 1972 Silkscreen Print The Minneapolis Institute of Arts Warhol is most know for is stylistic portraits of poop culture icons, such as celebrities and political figures. As talented painter, printmaker, and filmmaker Warhol used methods of mass production to creates some of the most iconic images from the 60’s to the 70’s but exploiting consumerism and mass media. Pop Art
  12. 12. Roy Lichtenstein Lichtenstein uses bold black outlining and dots of color in the style of many comics. His images often are narrative and like with comics include some text. His most popular works are 2 D although he has many sculptures that incorporate his comic style. Roy Lichtenstein, American 1923-1997 Reflections: Wonder Woman, 1989 Oil and magna on canvas The Estate of Roy Lichtenstein / Roy Lichtenstein Foundation. Pop Art
  13. 13. Minimalism • 1960’s to 1970’s in the United States • Idea was to strip the medium to the essentials • Most work of this movement is 3 dimensional • Geometric forms that were repetitive and neutral • Reaction to the Abstract Expressionist; lacks expression or the representation of objects • Artists: Richard Serra, Frank Stella, Robert Morris, Donald Judd, ect. Art Movements
  14. 14. Serra creates large scale steel sculptures Richard Serra using the nature of his materials to his advantage. His minimalistic style connects the material with the process. Richard Serra, 1939 Balanced,1970 hot rolled steel Installation Larry Qualls Minimalism
  15. 15. Frank Stella, American, 1936 – Quathlamba II 1967 Frank Stella paints the the Color Lithograph idea in mind that the paining Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco is an object rather than a representation. Frank Stella Minimalism
  16. 16. Conceptual Art • Mid-1960’s to 1970’s, World Wide Movement • Idea based works, present a reaction to the business of art • Goes beyond traditional art limitations • Often the concept is the art and the documentation is the product seen by the viewer • Subject matter varies a wide spectrum from political, social, and cultural. • Artists: Lawrence Weiner, Joseph Kosuth, Dennis Oppenheim, Hans Haacke, ect. Art Movements
  17. 17. Lawrence Weiner Weiner like many conceptual artist set a specific parameter for his works that he must follow. His mediums vary depending on which may best represent the idea. Many works are text, or typographically, based. Lawrence Weiner, American, 1942- Five Figures of Structure, 1986 Instillation of Text Larry Qualls Conceptual Art
  18. 18. Oppenheim is known for his Conceptual, Performance, and Earth Art. His work shown on the right is mix of all of these things. He connects the act of shoveling the snow with the pattern of a tree’s growth, to the idea of the Division of Canada and and the United States by time and water. Oppenheim, Dennis, 1938- Annual Rings, St. John River, Fort Kent, Maine 1968 Documentation of Conceptual Work University of California, San Diego Dennis Oppenheim Conceptual Art
  19. 19. Joseph Kosuth Kosuth works in limitations, exploring the One and Three Chairs , 1969 Nature of Art by creating it. This piece is Conceptual Project Documentation in three parts: a photograph of the University of California, San Diego chair, the book definition of a chair and an actual chair. He does this to represent Plato’s work on the Nature of Forms. Joseph Kosuth Conceptual Art
  20. 20. References Baigell, Matthew. A Concise History Of American Painting And Sculpture: Revised Edition. United States: Westview Press, 1996. Print. Hudelson, Mark. "Movements in Twentieth-Century Art After World War II.” Prof. Hudelson's Website. 2007. Palomar College. 4 Aug 2009 <http://daphne.palomar.edu/mhudelson/StudyGuides/20thCentLate_WA.html>. "Multiple Collection Search." ARTstor. 2009. Mellon Foundation. 4 Aug 2009 <http://www.artstor.org>.
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