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  • 1. World War I -- America on the Homefront: "The Poster War"
  • 2. War Mobilization
  • 3. 1. Enlistment
  • 4. The Most Famous Recruitment Poster
  • 5. Uncle Sam—He the Man!
  • 6. Don’t Mess with the U. S.
  • 7. “ Huns Kill Women and Children!”
  • 8. The “Little Soldier”
  • 9. World War I American “Anthem”
  • 10. Johnnie get your gun, get your gun, get your gun, Take it on the run, on the run, on the run, Hear them calling you and me, Every son of liberty. Hurry right away, no delay, go today, Make your daddy glad to have had such a lad, Tell your sweetheart not to pine, To be proud her boy's in line.
  • 11. Over there, over there Send the word, send the word over there That the Yanks are coming, the Yanks are coming, The drums rum-tumming everywhere So prepare, say a prayer Send the word, send the word to beware We'll be over, we're coming over, And we won't come back till it's over, over there!
  • 12. Johnnie get your gun, get your gun, get your gun, Johnnie show the Hun you're a son of a gun, Hoist the flag and let her fly, Yankee Doodle do or die. Pack your little kit, show your grit, do your bit, Yankees to the ranks from the towns and the tanks, Make your momma proud of you And the old Red White and Blue .
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15. The Spirit of ’76’
  • 16. Over there, over there Send the word, send the word over there That the Yanks are coming, the Yanks are coming, The drums rum-tumming everywhere So prepare, say a prayer Send the word, send the word to beware We'll be over, we're coming over, And we won't come back till it's over, over there!
  • 17.  
  • 18. Council of National Defense
    • War Industries Board – Bernard Baruch
    • Food Administration – Herbert Hoover
    • Railroad Administration – William McAdoo
    • National War Labor Board – W. H.Taft & Frank P. Walsh
  • 19. U. S. Food Administration
  • 20. U. S. Food Administration
  • 21. U. S. Food Administration
  • 22. National War Garden Commission
  • 23. U. S. School Garden Army
  • 24. U. S. Shipping Board
  • 25. U. S. Fuel Administration
  • 26. Results of This New Organization of the Economy?
    • Unemployment virtually disappeared.
    • Expansion of “big government.”
    • Excessive govt. regulations in eco.
    • Some gross mismanagement  overlapping jurisdictions.
    • Close cooperation between public and private sectors.
    • Unprecedented opportunities for disadvantaged groups.
  • 27. New Social/Economic Opportunities
  • 28. 1. Women
  • 29. YWCA – The Blue Triangle
  • 30. Munitions Work
  • 31. The Girls They Left Behind Do Their Bit!
  • 32. Women Used In Recruitment Hello, Big Boy!
  • 33. Even Grandma Buys Liberty Bonds
  • 34. The Red Cross - Greatest Mother in the World
  • 35. The Red Cross Nurse
  • 36. National League for Woman’s Service
  • 37.  starter activity What sorts of roles did women take on during WWI. How would this change society after the War ended?
  • 38. Opportunities for African-Americans in WW1
    • “ Great Migration.” 1916 – 1919  70,000
    • War industries work.
    • Enlistment in segregated units.
  • 39. “ Rescuing a Negro During the Race Riots in Chicago”, 1919
  • 40. 3. New American Immigrants
  • 41. The “Flag of Liberty” Represents All of Us!
  • 42. We are ALL Americans!
  • 43. United War Work Campaign
  • 44. American Committee for Relief in the Near East
  • 45. Wartime Propaganda
  • 46. The Committee of Public Information (George Creel)
    • America’s “Propaganda Minister?”
    • Anti-Germanism.
    • Selling American Culture.
  • 47. “ Remember Belgium”
  • 48. The “Mad Brute”
  • 49. Beat Back the “Hun”
  • 50. The “Menace of the Seas”
  • 51. Creel Commission Film
  • 52. Attacks on Civil Liberties
  • 53. Government Excess & Threats to the Civil Liberties of Americans 1. Espionage Act – 1917 - forbade actions that obstructed recruitment or efforts to promote insubordination in the military. - ordered the Postmaster General to remove Leftist materials from the mail. - fines of up to $10,000 and/or up to 20 years in prison.
  • 54. Government Excess & Threats to the Civil Liberties of Americans 2. Sedition Act – 1918 - it was a crime to speak against the purchase of war bonds or willfully utter, print, write or publish any disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language about this form of US Govt., the US Constitution, or the US armed forces or to willfully urge, incite, or advocate any curtailment of production of things necessary or essential to the prosecution of the war…with intent of such curtailment to cripple or hinder, the US in the prosecution of the war.
  • 55. Government Excess & Threats to the Civil Liberties of Americans 3. Schenck v. US – 1919 - in ordinary times the mailing of the leaflets would have been protected by the 1 st Amendment. - BUT, every act of speech must be judged acc. to the circumstances in which it was spoken. - The most stringent protection of free speech would not protect a man in falsely shouting fire in a theater and causing a panic. [Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes] - If an act of speech posed a clear and present danger , then Congress had the power to restrain such speech.
  • 56. Government Excess & Threats to the Civil Liberties of Americans 4. Abrams v. US – 1919 - majority ruling --> cited Holmes’ “Clear and present danger” doctrine. - Holmes & Brandeis dissented: The best test of truth is the power of the thought to get itself accepted in the competition of the market, denying that a “silly leaflet” published by an “unknown man” constituted such a danger.
  • 57. Government Excess & Threats to the Civil Liberties of Americans
    • 5. Post-war labor unrest:
      • Coal Miners Strike of 1919.
      • Steel Strike of 1919.
      • Boston Police Strike of 1919.
  • 58. Anti-Labor “ If Capital & Labor Don’t Pull Together” – Chicago Tribune
  • 59. Consequences of Labor Unrest “ While We Rock the Boat” – Washington Times
  • 60. Coal Miners’ Strike - 1919 “ Keeping Warm” – Los Angeles Times
  • 61. Steel Strike - 1919 “ Coming Out of the Smoke” – New York World
  • 62. The “Red Scare” “ What a Year Has Brought Forth” – NY World
  • 63. “ Red Scare” -- Anti-Bolshevism “ Put Them Out & Keep Them Out” – Philadelphia Inquirer
  • 64. Boston Police Strike - 1919 “ He gives aid & comfort to the enemies of society” – Chicago Tribune
  • 65. Boston Police Strike - 1919 “ Striking Back” – New York Evening World
  • 66. Government Excess & Threats to the Civil Liberties of Americans
    • 1919 - 3 rd . International goal --> promote worldwide communism.
    • Attorney General, A. Mitchell Palmer ( The Case Against the Reds )
    • Palmer Raids - 1920
    6. “The Red Scare”:
  • 67. Congressman Victor Berger (WI) You got nothing out of the war except the flu and Prohibition.
  • 68. “ Red Scare” – Palmer Raids Police Arrest “Suspected Reds’ in Chicago, 1920
  • 69. “ Red Scare” – Palmer Raids A. Mitchell Palmer’s Home Bombed, 1920
  • 70. The 1920 Election