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Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
Collaborative economics
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Collaborative economics

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My presentation at the Business on Open 2013 conference in Udine, on the collaborative economics

My presentation at the Business on Open 2013 conference in Udine, on the collaborative economics

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  • 1. Collaborative Economics Carlo Daffara DITEDI: Business on Open 2
  • 2. Economia collaborativa: economia incentrata su relazioni che “hanno come punto di partenza la condivisione di un sapere o bene di base che crea i presupposti per la comunicazione e la cooperazione” Collaborative Economics
  • 3. Nei tempi recenti si e' ritenuta possibile una economia collaborativa solo per i “soft items” dove la componente materiale e' nulla. A volte nemmeno li'. Collaborative Economics
  • 4. “The open source process violates every principle of security. It welcomes everyone to contribute to Linux. Now that foreign intelligence agencies and terrorists know that Linux is going to control our most advanced defense systems, they can use fake identities to contribute subversive software that will soon be incorporated into our most advanced defense systems.” (Green Hills Software CEO, Dan O'Dowd) Collaborative Economics
  • 5. Percentuale di codice OSS nel pool complessivo di codice creato negli ultimi 5 anni: 35% Collaborative Economics
  • 6. “While IBM initially contributed software that was valued at 40M$, external contributors to the project created software representing a value of roughly 1.7B$ over the examined period.” (Spaeth, Stuermer, von Krogh “Enabling knowledge creation through outsiders: towards a push model of open innovation”) Collaborative Economics
  • 7. DrupalCon 2010, Copenhagen Collaborative Economics
  • 8. “Using it [Wikipedia] is like asking questions to a bloke you met in the pub. He might be a nuclear physicist. Or he might be a fruitcake”. P. Valley, The Independent Collaborative Economics
  • 9. "In the study, entries were chosen from the websites of Wikipedia and Encyclopaedia Britannica on a broad range of scientific disciplines and sent to a relevant expert for peer review. … Only eight serious errors, such as misinterpretations of important concepts, were detected in the pairs of articles reviewed, four from each encyclopaedia. But reviewers also found many factual errors, omissions or misleading statements: 162 and 123 in Wikipedia and Britannica, respectively." [Nature, 2005] Collaborative Economics
  • 10. “Quality of information sources about mental disorders: a comparison of Wikipedia with centrally controlled web and printed sources.” Reavley NJ, Mackinnon AJ, Morgan AJ, Alvarez-Jimenez M, Hetrick SE, Killackey E, Nelson B, Purcell R, Yap MB, Jorm AF. Psychol Med. 2012 Aug;42(8):1753-62. “CONCLUSIONS: The quality of information on depression and schizophrenia on Wikipedia is generally as good as, or better than, that provided by centrally controlled websites, Encyclopaedia Britannica and a psychiatry textbook.” Collaborative Economics
  • 11. Il modello collaborativo funziona su larga scala nel software e in altri “soft sectors”. Puo' funzionare altrove? Perche' dovrebbe? Collaborative Economics
  • 12. Collaborative Economics
  • 13. Collaborative Economics
  • 14. Il Boston Consulting Group osservò una regolarità nella riduzione dei costi (e dei prezzi) associata all'incremento della produzione cumulata. Al raddoppiare di quest'ultima, corrispondeva una diminuzione dei costi unitari (e anche dei prezzi) compresa tra il 20 e il 30%. Si può cosi formulare la seguente legge dell'esperienza: "Il costo unitario del valore aggiunto di un prodotto standardizzato si riduce secondo una percentuale costante (di solito il 20-30%) ogni volta che la produzione cumulata raddoppia". Collaborative Economics
  • 15. Collaborative Economics
  • 16. Assunto essenziale: tutti gli utenti possono essere serviti con lo stesso oggetto, e tale oggetto e' migliore di quanto realizzabile dall'utente stesso (almeno in proporzione al rapporto di costo) Collaborative Economics
  • 17. Collaborative Economics
  • 18. “It has long been assumed that product innovations are typically developed by product manufacturers. Because this assumption deals with the basic matter of who the innovator is, it has inevitably had a major impact on innovation-related research, on firms' management of research and development, and on government innovation policy . However, it now appears that this basic assumption is often wrong.” Von Hippel, 1998 Collaborative Economics
  • 19. Collaborative Economics
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  • 23. Collaborative Economics
  • 24. Collaborative Economics
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  • 29. Collaborative Economics
  • 30. Collaborative Economics
  • 31. Grazie! Carlo Daffara carlo.daffara@cloudweavers.eu http://carlodaffara.conecta.it Twitter: @cdaffara Collaborative Economics

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