Unit 1 study guide review~2013 2014
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  • 1. Unit 1 Study Guide Review Chapters 1-6
  • 2. Chapter 1~The Legacy of the Roman Empire
  • 3. Architecture & Engineering 1. What were the two areas that the Romans were famous for?
  • 4. Dome/Columns/Arches 2. What architectural design is seen throughout some of our own government buildings?
  • 5. Aqueducts 3. What other feature were the Romans known for which helped bring water to areas within the empire?
  • 6. 1. taxes 2. poverty 3. decline in trade 4. Give three economic (money) reasons why the Roman Empire collapsed?
  • 7. vault 5. An arched structure used to hold up a ceiling or a roof.
  • 8. Dome 6. A roof shaped like a half-circle or hemisphere.
  • 9. proverb 7. What is the term that states a popular saying that is meant to express something wise or true?
  • 10. Chapter 2~The Development of Feudalism in Western Europe
  • 11. 1. Crowned Holy Roman Emperor 2. Ruled the Franks from 768 to 814 ce 3. United the Christian lands of Europe 8. Give three facts about Charlemagne.
  • 12. To provide protection and to be loyal to their lord. 9. What is the main job of a vassal?
  • 13. fief 10. What is the term of land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service?
  • 14. There was no central government 11. Why did the Roman Empire fall?
  • 15. hierarchy 12. A system of organizing people into ranks, with those of higher rank having more power and privileges.
  • 16. Chapter 3~The Role of the Church in Medieval Europe
  • 17. Answers will vary 13. Give three examples of medieval technology.
  • 18. 1. Owned valuable property & land 2. Everything evolved around the church. 3. Church officials were leaders in the government. 14. Give three facts about the Catholic Church during the Middles Ages.
  • 19. A person that goes on a sacred journey for penance, to cure the sick or to worship. 15. Describe a pilgrim
  • 20. Possible Answers: The Catholic Church has the power to excommunicate, to stop selling of official positions and to prohibit bishops electing kings to powerful positions within the church. 16. Explain why the Catholic Church was powerful.
  • 21. To read from the Bible. To teach others about religion and to help with governmental duties. 17. Why would a church official need to be educated?
  • 22. Chapter 4~Life in Medieval Towns
  • 23. By River: protection & trade By Trade Routes: to help their towns prosper through traveling merchants. 18. Why were many medieval towns built by rivers and trade routes?
  • 24. An organization of people in the same craft or trade that limits the amount of people who practice that trade in a town. This is done for supply and demand as well as pride in one’s work. 19. Explain the purpose of a guild.
  • 25. merchants 20. What group of people continued to thrive not only in politics, but also economics?
  • 26. It allows a craftspeople or a certain area to concentrate in one area so they are known for that specific craft. 21. What does “specialization” mean in the world of trade?
  • 27. Common Law 22. What is the term of the body of rulings made by judges that become part of a nation’s legal system?
  • 28. Chapter 5~The Decline of Feudalism
  • 29. King Edward I’s model parliament 23. What was the key event for commoners to have a voice in England?
  • 30. Magna Carta 24. What document gave power to the nobles that a king could not take away?
  • 31. commoner 25. What is the term of a person who is not of noble rank?
  • 32. Asia 26. Where did the Black Plague originate?
  • 33. Trade Ships 27. What was the one means of transportation that helped spread the Black Plague quickly?
  • 34. The plague caused many workers to demand for more money and power since too many people had died. 28. Why did commoners have a voice in many areas after the black plague?
  • 35. Longbows 29. What did the English have that the French lacked in the Hundred Years’ War?
  • 36. Chapter 6~The Byzantine Empire
  • 37. Constaninople 30. What was the capital of the Byzantine Empire?
  • 38. He took the laws from the Romans/Roman Empire 31. Where did Justinian get many of the laws that he simplified and threw out?
  • 39. It represented heaven. 32. What is the significance of the dome in many of the churches in the Byzantine Empire?
  • 40. Patriarch 33. What is the term of a bishop in the Eastern Orthodox Church?
  • 41. 1. It was surrounded on three sides of water. 2. It was located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. 3. It had a harbor that could easily be blocked against enemy ships. (through the use of a chain) 34. Give three examples of Constantinople’s geography?
  • 42. Justinian 35. Who was responsible for rebuilding Constantinople after a riot that was meant for its emperor?