Unit 1 Study Guide
Review
Chapters 1-6
Chapter 1~The
Legacy of the Roman
Empire
Architecture &
Engineering
1. What were the two areas that
the Romans were famous for?
Dome/Columns/Arches

2. What architectural design is
seen throughout some of our own
government buildings?
Aqueducts
3. What other feature were the
Romans known for which helped
bring water to areas within the
empire?
1. taxes
2. poverty
3. decline in trade
4. Give three economic (money)
reasons why the Roman Empire
collapsed?
vault

5. An arched structure used to
hold up a ceiling or a roof.
Dome

6. A roof shaped like a half-circle
or hemisphere.
proverb

7. What is the term that states a
popular saying that is meant to
express something wise or true?
Chapter 2~The
Development of
Feudalism in Western
Europe
1. Crowned Holy Roman Emperor
2. Ruled the Franks from 768 to 814 ce
3. United the Christian lands of Europe

8. Give thre...
To provide protection
and to be loyal to their
lord.
9. What is the main job of a
vassal?
fief

10. What is the term of land
granted by a lord to a vassal in
exchange for loyalty and service?
There was no central
government
11. Why did the Roman Empire
fall?
hierarchy
12. A system of organizing people
into ranks, with those of higher
rank having more power and
privileges.
Chapter 3~The Role
of the Church in
Medieval Europe
Answers will vary

13. Give three examples of medieval
technology.
1. Owned valuable property & land
2. Everything evolved around the church.
3. Church officials were leaders in the governm...
A person that goes on a sacred journey for
penance, to cure the sick or to worship.

15. Describe a pilgrim
Possible Answers: The Catholic Church has the power to
excommunicate, to stop selling of official positions and to
prohibi...
To read from the Bible. To teach others
about religion and to help with
governmental duties.

17. Why would a church offic...
Chapter 4~Life in
Medieval Towns
By River: protection & trade
By Trade Routes: to help their towns
prosper through traveling merchants.
18. Why were many m...
An organization of people in the same
craft or trade that limits the amount of
people who practice that trade in a town.
T...
merchants

20. What group of people continued to
thrive not only in politics, but also
economics?
It allows a craftspeople or a certain area
to concentrate in one area so they are
known for that specific craft.
21. What ...
Common Law

22. What is the term of the body of
rulings made by judges that become
part of a nation’s legal system?
Chapter 5~The
Decline of Feudalism
King Edward I’s model parliament

23. What was the key event for
commoners to have a voice in
England?
Magna Carta

24. What document gave power to
the nobles that a king could not take
away?
commoner

25. What is the term of a person who
is not of noble rank?
Asia

26. Where did the Black Plague
originate?
Trade Ships

27. What was the one means of
transportation that helped spread the
Black Plague quickly?
The plague caused many workers to
demand for more money and power since
too many people had died.
28. Why did commoners ha...
Longbows

29. What did the English have that
the French lacked in the Hundred
Years’ War?
Chapter 6~The
Byzantine Empire
Constaninople

30. What was the capital of the
Byzantine Empire?
He took the laws from the
Romans/Roman Empire
31. Where did Justinian get many of
the laws that he simplified and threw
ou...
It represented heaven.

32. What is the significance of the
dome in many of the churches in the
Byzantine Empire?
Patriarch

33. What is the term of a bishop in the
Eastern Orthodox Church?
1. It was surrounded on three sides of water.
2. It was located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia.
3. It had a harbor t...
Justinian

35. Who was responsible for
rebuilding Constantinople after a riot
that was meant for its emperor?
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Unit 1 study guide review~2013 2014

  1. 1. Unit 1 Study Guide Review Chapters 1-6
  2. 2. Chapter 1~The Legacy of the Roman Empire
  3. 3. Architecture & Engineering 1. What were the two areas that the Romans were famous for?
  4. 4. Dome/Columns/Arches 2. What architectural design is seen throughout some of our own government buildings?
  5. 5. Aqueducts 3. What other feature were the Romans known for which helped bring water to areas within the empire?
  6. 6. 1. taxes 2. poverty 3. decline in trade 4. Give three economic (money) reasons why the Roman Empire collapsed?
  7. 7. vault 5. An arched structure used to hold up a ceiling or a roof.
  8. 8. Dome 6. A roof shaped like a half-circle or hemisphere.
  9. 9. proverb 7. What is the term that states a popular saying that is meant to express something wise or true?
  10. 10. Chapter 2~The Development of Feudalism in Western Europe
  11. 11. 1. Crowned Holy Roman Emperor 2. Ruled the Franks from 768 to 814 ce 3. United the Christian lands of Europe 8. Give three facts about Charlemagne.
  12. 12. To provide protection and to be loyal to their lord. 9. What is the main job of a vassal?
  13. 13. fief 10. What is the term of land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service?
  14. 14. There was no central government 11. Why did the Roman Empire fall?
  15. 15. hierarchy 12. A system of organizing people into ranks, with those of higher rank having more power and privileges.
  16. 16. Chapter 3~The Role of the Church in Medieval Europe
  17. 17. Answers will vary 13. Give three examples of medieval technology.
  18. 18. 1. Owned valuable property & land 2. Everything evolved around the church. 3. Church officials were leaders in the government. 14. Give three facts about the Catholic Church during the Middles Ages.
  19. 19. A person that goes on a sacred journey for penance, to cure the sick or to worship. 15. Describe a pilgrim
  20. 20. Possible Answers: The Catholic Church has the power to excommunicate, to stop selling of official positions and to prohibit bishops electing kings to powerful positions within the church. 16. Explain why the Catholic Church was powerful.
  21. 21. To read from the Bible. To teach others about religion and to help with governmental duties. 17. Why would a church official need to be educated?
  22. 22. Chapter 4~Life in Medieval Towns
  23. 23. By River: protection & trade By Trade Routes: to help their towns prosper through traveling merchants. 18. Why were many medieval towns built by rivers and trade routes?
  24. 24. An organization of people in the same craft or trade that limits the amount of people who practice that trade in a town. This is done for supply and demand as well as pride in one’s work. 19. Explain the purpose of a guild.
  25. 25. merchants 20. What group of people continued to thrive not only in politics, but also economics?
  26. 26. It allows a craftspeople or a certain area to concentrate in one area so they are known for that specific craft. 21. What does “specialization” mean in the world of trade?
  27. 27. Common Law 22. What is the term of the body of rulings made by judges that become part of a nation’s legal system?
  28. 28. Chapter 5~The Decline of Feudalism
  29. 29. King Edward I’s model parliament 23. What was the key event for commoners to have a voice in England?
  30. 30. Magna Carta 24. What document gave power to the nobles that a king could not take away?
  31. 31. commoner 25. What is the term of a person who is not of noble rank?
  32. 32. Asia 26. Where did the Black Plague originate?
  33. 33. Trade Ships 27. What was the one means of transportation that helped spread the Black Plague quickly?
  34. 34. The plague caused many workers to demand for more money and power since too many people had died. 28. Why did commoners have a voice in many areas after the black plague?
  35. 35. Longbows 29. What did the English have that the French lacked in the Hundred Years’ War?
  36. 36. Chapter 6~The Byzantine Empire
  37. 37. Constaninople 30. What was the capital of the Byzantine Empire?
  38. 38. He took the laws from the Romans/Roman Empire 31. Where did Justinian get many of the laws that he simplified and threw out?
  39. 39. It represented heaven. 32. What is the significance of the dome in many of the churches in the Byzantine Empire?
  40. 40. Patriarch 33. What is the term of a bishop in the Eastern Orthodox Church?
  41. 41. 1. It was surrounded on three sides of water. 2. It was located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. 3. It had a harbor that could easily be blocked against enemy ships. (through the use of a chain) 34. Give three examples of Constantinople’s geography?
  42. 42. Justinian 35. Who was responsible for rebuilding Constantinople after a riot that was meant for its emperor?
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