Final exam vocabulary

297 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
297
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Final exam vocabulary

  1. 1. Final Exam Vocabulary Review
  2. 2. Agriculture • the business of farming
  3. 3. alchemy • A combination of science, magic, and philosophy that was practiced in medieval times
  4. 4. Anti-Semitism • prejudice toward Jews.
  5. 5. apprentice • A person who works for an expert in a trade or craft in a return for training A person who works for an expert in a trade or craft in a return for training
  6. 6. aristocracy • a ruling class of noble families
  7. 7. barter • to buy and sell by trading goods and services rather than money.
  8. 8. Bubonic plague • a deadly contagious disease caused by bacteria and spread by fleas
  9. 9. bureaucracy • a highly organized body of workers with many levels of authority
  10. 10. caliph • a title taken by Muslim rulers who claimed religious authority to rule.
  11. 11. charter • A written grant of rights and privileges by a ruler or government to a community, class of people or organization
  12. 12. chivalry • the medieval knight's code of ideal behavior, including bravery, loyalty, and respect for women.
  13. 13. commerce • the buying and selling of goods
  14. 14. commoner • a person who is not of noble rank
  15. 15. crusades • a series of religious wars launched against Muslims by European Christians.
  16. 16. cultural diffusion • the spread of cultural elements from one society to another
  17. 17. currency • the form of money used in a country
  18. 18. domain • the land controlled by a ruler or lord
  19. 19. elements of culture • objects, ideas, and customs of a particular culture
  20. 20. excommunicate • To formally deprive a person membership in a church
  21. 21. feudalism • the economic and political system that developed in Europe during the Middle Ages
  22. 22. fief • land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service
  23. 23. genealogy • an account of the line of ancestry within the family
  24. 24. griot • A West African Story Teller
  25. 25. habeas corpus • The principle that accused persons cannot be held in jail without the consent of a court.
  26. 26. heretic • a person who holds beliefs that are contrary to the teachings of a church or other group
  27. 27. hierarchy • a system of organizing people into ranks, with those of higher rank having more power and privileges
  28. 28. imperial • China under the rule of emperors
  29. 29. inoculate • to protect against disease by transmitting a disease-causing agent to a person, stimulating the body's defensive reactions
  30. 30. inquisition • a judicial body established by the Catholic Church to combat heresy and other forms of religious error.
  31. 31. Jerusalem • a sacred city to Muslims, Jews & Christians.
  32. 32. Magna Carta • A written agreement from 1215 that limited the English king's power and strengthened the rights of nobles.
  33. 33. manor • a large estate, including farmland and villages, held by a lord
  34. 34. mass-produce • to make similar items in quantity using standardized designs and dividing labor among workers
  35. 35. matrilineal • based on a woman's family line
  36. 36. meritocracy • rule by officials of proven merit
  37. 37. millets • communities can rule themselves under their own system of government
  38. 38. monarch • A ruler, such as a king or queen
  39. 39. monotheism • belief in a single God.
  40. 40. noble • a person of high rank by birth or title
  41. 41. nomad • A person who moves from place to place often in search of water and vegetation.
  42. 42. patrilineal • based on a man's family line
  43. 43. persecute • To cause a person to suffer because of his or her beliefs
  44. 44. philosophy • The study of wisdom, knowledge, and the nature of reality.
  45. 45. pilgrimage • a journey to a holy site
  46. 46. polytheist • A person who believes in more than one God.
  47. 47. proverb • A popular saying that is meant to express something wise or true.
  48. 48. province • a division of a country or an empire.
  49. 49. regent • one who rules in the name of another
  50. 50. relic • an object that is considered holy because it belonged to, or was touched by, a saint or holy person
  51. 51. rhetoric • the study of persuasive writing and speaking
  52. 52. schism • a formal division in a church or religious body
  53. 53. scribe • A person trained to write or copy documents by hand.
  54. 54. sedentary • Permanently settled in one place. The person DOES NOT move from place to place.
  55. 55. segregation • the forced separation of one group from the rest of a community
  56. 56. siege • an attempt to surround a place and cut off all access to it in order to force a surrender
  57. 57. Silk Road • Camel caravan routes crossing the deserts of Central Asia to Europe. Silk was not the only thing traded along this route.
  58. 58. succession • inheritance of the right to rule
  59. 59. sultan • the sovereign ruler of a Muslim state
  60. 60. tribute • a payment made by one ruler or country to another for protection or as a sign of submission
  61. 61. truce • an agreed-upon halt (stop) in fighting
  62. 62. urbanization • the growth of cities
  63. 63. Kowtow • When ambassadors from tributaries come before an emperor, they kneel before him three times and each time touch their heads to the floor.

×