1. Why did monarchs’ power increase
because of the crusades?
Nobles and knights left home to fight in
the Middle East
2. Describe the impact the crusades had
on the Jews.
The Jews were continually persecuted
by the Christians during all of the
3. List 2 causes of the crusades
1. The emperor of Constantinople got nervous
because the Seljuk Turks were advancing
towards Constantinople and would possibly
take it over. The emperor asked Pope Urban II
2. Pope Urban II wanted to push the Muslims
back and reclaim Jerusalem. He promised
entry to heaven to all who joined to fight.
4. What was one reason that
led to the Crusades?
• Christians were afraid that the Muslims
threatened Constantinople in the
• The Muslims took the Holy Land away
from the Christians.
5. What happened to the Christians after
the Seljuk Turks took over the Holy
• Christians could no longer visit the
Holy Land safely.
6. Who was the Christian ruler that
fought against Saladin during the
• King Richard I (also known as the
Richard the Lion heart.)
18. List three ways Islam changed African
1. The right to rule passed from father to
2. Africans started to exercise more
control of local rulers (centralized
3. Adoption of Shari’ah (Islamic law)
19. How did West Africans adapt Islam
into their culture architecturally?
They built mosques.
29. Describe the impact the magnetic
compass had on travel.
The magnetic compass made long
distance travel at sea easier.
30. Describe how the Chinese mass
Each person performed a different task
over and over.
For instance: one washed the clay, one
applied the glaze, one shaped the bowl,
and one operated the kiln.
31. What did the Chinese discover while experimenting
32. Name 4 inventions that developed in
China and spread to Europe.
1. paper making
2. playing cards
3. movable type
4. mechanical clocks
33. List 3 ways the Chinese prevented the
spread of contagious diseases.
3. steaming clothes
34. List three things that are typical of a
• 1. Peace (no war)
• 2. Prosperity (money was available)
• 3. Art and literature flourished
35. Label the hierarchy of the European
36. Label the hierarchy of the Japanese
37. In studying history, how might
historians describe the following terms?
• Military – warfare/army for protection
• Economy – money based economy
• Geography – layout of area
• Religion – beliefs of a culture
• Politics – government of culture
• Social/cultural - how people live in a culture.
38. In what countries were these cities
important to trade & learning:
• 1. Timbuktu – Africa
• 2. Cordoba – Spain
• 3. Baghdad – Middle East (now Iraq)
• 4. Kyoto - Japan
39. Why was Zheng He an important
Chinese explorer? (Chapter 18)
• He brought new ideas and products to
China. However, his explorations were
over when the Ming Dynasty closed
their “trading” doors with the outside
40. Describe the requirements needed for an Islamic
ruler according to Sunni and Shiites?
• 1. Sunni ~ They believe that the best person for the
“job” should be the next ruler of the Islamic Empire
regardless of the “blood” line.
• 2. Shiite ~ They believe that only Muhammad’s blood
relatives should be the next ruler of the Islamic
41. Who was the founder of the
Islamic religion? When and where
was he born?
• Muhammad started the religion
about 610 ce. He was born in
Mecca and he was born around
570 ce. He died in the year 632 ce.
42. Who was crowned Holy Roman
Emperor in 800 CE?
• Charlemagne was crowned Holy
Roman Emperor in 800 CE.
43. Who won the Battle of Hastings?
What did this person start in
• William the Conqueror won the
Battle of Hastings.
• William the Conqueror started
feudalism in England.
44. Who went on a hajj to Mecca
from his Mali Empire?
• Mansa Musa went on a hajj to
Mecca from the Mali Empire.
45. Who was the ruler of the
Byzantine Empire and had to fight
back during a rebellion?
• Justinian was the ruler of the
Byzantine Empire and through the
encouragement of his wife
Theodora, he stayed back during a