❖ Letter A: The study of wisdom, knowledge, and the
nature of reality
❖ Letter I: A pipe or channel built to carry water between
II. Fall of RomeII. Fall of Rome
❖ growing corruption within the empire
❖ decline in the spirit of citizenship (didn’t feel like “they”
belonged in the empire.)
❖ Emperors wasted a lot of money.
❖ Increase in crime made the empire’s cities and roads
❖ Never figured out a way to peacefully transfer political
power to a new leader.
❖ Rivals would often take the “throne” when an emperor
❖ No good system of selecting a new emperor
❖ The Praetorian Guard, the emperor’s army, would often
pick the next emperor based on what was in it for
them...not was best for the empire.
❖ To pay for the large armies, Rome’s citizens had to pay
❖ Heavy taxes put many people into poverty
❖ Trade suffered
❖ Unemployment became a problem
❖ Large landowners took over large estates which meant
the small landowners were left with nothing.
Size of the Empire Reasons
❖ The empire was too large to defend.
❖ Roman armies could not communicate with other leaders
in the army that may be stationed in different parts of the
❖ When new areas were taken over, these new citizens
joined Rome’s army, but didn’t have the same loyalty as
people who were born in Rome.
III. GeographyIII. Geography
❖ Advantage: People have access to waterways which
makes travel and trade easier.
❖ Disadvantage: People living on the coast can be easily
attacked by outside invaders.
❖ Advantage: You weren’t attacked very often.
❖ Disadvantage: It is very difficult to travel through
through the mountains as well as trade.
16. What bodies of water
are near Europe?
❖ Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Adriatic Sea,
Baltic Sea, North Sea, English Channel, etc.
17. What continent is
located to the south of
❖ Africa is located south of Europe.
18. What continent is
located to the east of
❖ Asia is located to the east of Europe.
19. What does the term
❖ Someone who believes that a person must have good
character and live in agreement with nature.
20. What group influenced
❖ The group that influenced Roman art were the
21. Who was the first to rule for the
Roman Empire? What
accomplishments did he do for the
❖ Caesar Augustus
❖ He stopped 100 years of civil war
❖ He expanded the boundaries of the empire
22. What is natural law and what does
it believe that everyone has?
❖ Natural law is a universal of justice that comes from
❖ Natural law believes that everyone has rights.
23. How did Latin help influence the
❖ Words in English use many of Latin’s prefixes as well
as root words.
24. What does the word engineering
❖ The branch of science and technology concerned with
the design, building, and use of engines, machines,
❖ Many times it deals with how something works!!
25. What does the word architecture
❖ The art or practice of designing and constructing