Chapter 1 study guide review


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Chapter 1 study guide review

  1. 1. Chapter 1Chapter 1 Study Guide ReviewStudy Guide Review
  2. 2. I. VocabularyI. Vocabulary
  3. 3. Mural ❖ Letter G: A painting on a wall
  4. 4. mosaic ❖ Letter B: A picture made up of small pieces of tile, glass, or colored stones.
  5. 5. scribe ❖ Letter F: A person trained to write or copy directions by hand.
  6. 6. Vault ❖ Letter H: An arched structure used to hold up a ceiling or a roof.
  7. 7. proverb ❖ Letter C: A popular saying that is meant to express something wise or true.
  8. 8. cathedral ❖ Letter J: A large and important church
  9. 9. dome ❖ Letter E: A roof shaped like a half-circle or hemisphere
  10. 10. fresco ❖ Letter D: A painting on a wall
  11. 11. philosophy ❖ Letter A: The study of wisdom, knowledge, and the nature of reality
  12. 12. aqueduct ❖ Letter I: A pipe or channel built to carry water between distant places
  13. 13. II. Fall of RomeII. Fall of Rome ReasonsReasons
  14. 14. Social Reasons ❖ growing corruption within the empire ❖ decline in the spirit of citizenship (didn’t feel like “they” belonged in the empire.) ❖ Emperors wasted a lot of money. ❖ Increase in crime made the empire’s cities and roads unsafe.
  15. 15. Political Reasons ❖ Never figured out a way to peacefully transfer political power to a new leader. ❖ Rivals would often take the “throne” when an emperor died. ❖ No good system of selecting a new emperor ❖ The Praetorian Guard, the emperor’s army, would often pick the next emperor based on what was in it for them...not was best for the empire.
  16. 16. Economic Reasons ❖ To pay for the large armies, Rome’s citizens had to pay Heavy Taxes. ❖ Heavy taxes put many people into poverty ❖ Trade suffered ❖ Unemployment became a problem ❖ Large landowners took over large estates which meant the small landowners were left with nothing.
  17. 17. Size of the Empire Reasons ❖ The empire was too large to defend. ❖ Roman armies could not communicate with other leaders in the army that may be stationed in different parts of the empire. ❖ When new areas were taken over, these new citizens joined Rome’s army, but didn’t have the same loyalty as people who were born in Rome.
  18. 18. III. GeographyIII. Geography ChallengeChallenge
  19. 19. Advantages/Disadvantages ❖ Coastal: ❖ Advantage: People have access to waterways which makes travel and trade easier. ❖ Disadvantage: People living on the coast can be easily attacked by outside invaders.
  20. 20. Advantages/Disadvantages ❖ Mountains: ❖ Advantage: You weren’t attacked very often. ❖ Disadvantage: It is very difficult to travel through through the mountains as well as trade.
  21. 21. 16. What bodies of water are near Europe? ❖ Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Adriatic Sea, Baltic Sea, North Sea, English Channel, etc.
  22. 22. 17. What continent is located to the south of Europe? ❖ Africa is located south of Europe.
  23. 23. 18. What continent is located to the east of Europe? ❖ Asia is located to the east of Europe.
  24. 24. IV. General QuestionsIV. General Questions
  25. 25. 19. What does the term stoic mean? ❖ Someone who believes that a person must have good character and live in agreement with nature.
  26. 26. 20. What group influenced Roman art? ❖ The group that influenced Roman art were the GREEKS!
  27. 27. 21. Who was the first to rule for the Roman Empire? What accomplishments did he do for the Roman Empire? ❖ Caesar Augustus ❖ He stopped 100 years of civil war ❖ He expanded the boundaries of the empire
  28. 28. 22. What is natural law and what does it believe that everyone has? ❖ Natural law is a universal of justice that comes from nature. ❖ Natural law believes that everyone has rights.
  29. 29. 23. How did Latin help influence the English language? ❖ Words in English use many of Latin’s prefixes as well as root words.
  30. 30. 24. What does the word engineering mean? ❖ The branch of science and technology concerned with the design, building, and use of engines, machines, and structures. ❖ Many times it deals with how something works!!
  31. 31. 25. What does the word architecture mean? ❖ The art or practice of designing and constructing buildings.
  32. 32. V. Opinion QuestionsV. Opinion Questions
  33. 33. 26. “All Roads lead to Rome” ❖ Volunteers to hear their answers
  34. 34. 27. “Rome perished, yet it lived on” ❖ Volunteers to hear their answers
  35. 35. 28. Engineering or Architecture....greatest impact? ❖ Volunteers to hear their answers