Tai Ping Heavenly Kingdom Revolution Era-Wing Chun Kuen And Choy lee Fut Friend Or Foe ?
蛇鶴詠春翁國榮體育會蛇鶴詠春翁國榮體育會蛇鶴詠春翁國榮體育會蛇鶴詠春翁國榮體育會Snake Crane Wing Chun Yung Kwok Wing Athletic Association(SCWCYKWAA)Update: 2013-05-01, by Wayne K.W. Yunghttp://scwc.com.hk/SCWC e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org太平天國動亂時期太平天國動亂時期太平天國動亂時期太平天國動亂時期 ：：：：(2)(2)(2)(2) 蔡李佛與詠春是否冤家蔡李佛與詠春是否冤家蔡李佛與詠春是否冤家蔡李佛與詠春是否冤家Tai Ping Heavenly Kingdom Revolution Era: (2) Wing Chun and Choy Lee Fut, friend or foe?太平天國動亂時期太平天國動亂時期太平天國動亂時期太平天國動亂時期 ：：：：(2) 蔡李佛與詠春是否冤家蔡李佛與詠春是否冤家蔡李佛與詠春是否冤家蔡李佛與詠春是否冤家Tai Ping Heavenly Kingdom Revolution Era: (2) Wing Chun and Choy Lee Fut, friend or foe?作者 co-authors: 香港 「蛇鶴詠春」 翁國榮 Wayne Yung , Snake Crane Wing Chun, HK美國 「易金詠春」 涂福如 Hendrik Santo, Yik Kam Wing Chun, US反清復明反清復明反清復明反清復明 洪門洪門洪門洪門Anti Qing restore Ming dynasty, The Hung Mun organization廣西廣西廣西廣西（（（（反清復明反清復明反清復明反清復明））））Guangxi (The Anti Qing uprising )自從廣州城起義失敗後，李文茂跟陳開等帶領太平軍及紅船弟子轉戰廣西，成立大成國。在廣西方面，從李文茂大成國抗清可看到，紅船弟子及洪兵是共同一心的反清的，但可惜全軍敗於清，這可說是蔡李佛與紅船詠春組織聯盟，共同抗清。今天可從曹家班中詠春可看到，在曹家易金詠春 108 式小練頭與蔡李佛是共傳的，更溶合了兩者手法成為有特色的班中詠春拳來。Due to the Guangzhou Uprising had failed, Lee Man Mau and Chen Hoi led theTaiPing and RedBoat disciples to fought in Guangxi. They established the Dachengkingdom there. In Guangxi, the army of Lee Man Mau were fighting with full heated,but unfortunately they were defeated by the Qing army. The army led by Lee ManMau were a RedBoat Wing Chun and Choy Lee Fut coalition. Via todays Cho GarWing Chun lineage , a Wing Chun kuen lineage which had involved in the above LeeMan Mau uprising, one can find the co practice of both Wing Chun kuen and ChoyLee Fut . And also, a further Wing Chun and Choy Lee Fut fusion which evolved intothe unique Ban Chung Wing Chun style.易金為太平天國年間李文茂紅船起義時之紅船正旦，所傳之詠春開拳禮 動作含義 是: 「反清復明 五湖四海 十指連心 還我河山 .」收拳禮 動作含義 是: 「 劍指膀肘呈英雄 」。英雄者為天地會洪英之別音倒寫。
Yik Kam was a RedBoat opera actor in the era of Lee Man Mau uprising 1850,Within his lineage of Wing Chun kuen teaching, the open salutation gesturepresented " Over turn Qing, restore Ming, five lakes four seas, ten fingers with asingle heart , return me my country ."And, the closing salutation gesture presented "Sword finger and wing elbow presentsto the hero". Notice, the term Hero is a pseudonym for the leader of the Hung Munorganization.易金詠春 收拳禮The yik kam closing salutation gesture.同時易金傳下六點半棍訣說 "半點子午登槍定太平"，也記載了當時紅船詠春拳於太平天國時代的情況。In addition, in the six point half pole writing of the Yik Kam lineage , it said " Halfpoint spear pole settle the TaiPing Heavenly Kingdom". This line gave us an idea ofthe RedBoat Wing Chun kuen activity in the TaiPing Heavenly Kingdom uprising era.相反，廣東的有蔡李佛背景的叛徒與一拆三套拳的詠春紅船弟子就成為了冤家。由於李文茂來自紅船，1855 年兩廣總督葉名琛火燒矎花會館後，紅船逃出弟子散播廣東佛山一帶，待機報仇，把原有一套長小練頭被拆為三套在應用方面易於練習的詠春拳，以針對個別性為主，來對付有蔡李佛背景之洪門或太平軍叛徒。In contrast with Guangxi, in Guangdong , the Choy Lee Fut train traitors , who haveflipped to the Qing side become the enemy of the Wing Chun followers who practicethe three sets system. Due to Lee Man Mau is from the RedBoat opera, in 1855, theGovernor of Guangdong and Guangxi , Ip Ming Shen destroyed the Fine Jade Hall ofthe RedBoat opera troupers and killing the Redboat opera troupers. Many RedBoattroupers escaped and scattered in the vicinity of Fut Shan , Guangdong. They werewaiting there to revenge the destruction of the Fine Jade Hall and the killing oftroupers which caused by the traitors. It was at this time, the single long Siu Lin Tauset system of Wing Chun kuen were purposely evolved into the three sets system.The reason of this single set system to three sets system evolution was to have afast training system to counter the traitors.
從蛇鶴詠春的傳統教授以二三人小組授徒形式來看，相當富有古代訓練殺手形式，小組與小組間互不認識，以進行諳殺叛徒行動，若多組行動，會以其江湖世詩作暗語，確定自己人。From the traditional organization of the Snake Crane Wing Chun lineage, one can benoticed the training of students were carried out in many isolated groups of two orthree students. Every group is kept isolated and doesnt know the other group. Thistype of organization is similar to the secret society assassin group training in thepast, Where one groups do not know the other even they all under the sameorganization. If many groups are needed to do the job, then , they rely on secretcode to identify the support team.江湖世詩江湖世詩江湖世詩江湖世詩上世詩長漢華玉 丁克宗順 錦上潻花 英雄豪傑下世詩仁義禮信 忠孝名賢 永昌吉慶 國家禎祥Snake Crane Wing Chun lineage poetry.而蛇鶴詠春其傳統拜師儀式及蛇鶴詠春門秘內的記錄中，門訓門規極帶有太平天國時期相關洪門的色彩。其傳統拜師儀式更是古時正宗洪門入門儀式，紅黃拜師帖，拜祖師、誦門規、斬雞頭，燒黃紙等。From Snake Crane Wing Chun traditional apprentice ceremony and Snake CraneWing Chun internal secret note book, one can see the Snake Crane Wing Chunlineage practice has strong similarity of Hung Mun secret society practice in theTaiPing Heavenly Kingdom revolution era.蛇鶴詠春門門訓永行忠義堪歌詠言出九鼎志更春蛇鶴詠春門門規愛國聆師訓 扶傾濟弱貧 技不傳夷狄 不作江湖人虛谷懷至善 武德自芬芳 離訓神人滅 斯人非我群Snake Crane Wing Chun lineage organization rules and Code of conducts.從紅船 1855 年前一套 108 式小練頭及至 1855 年後一拆三套拳的詠春拳，根據其一套及三套拳訣，可留意到詠春拳在當時是怎樣的。From the single set system and three sets system writings of the 1855 era, we canhave an idea of how Wing Chun kuen is like at that era.
自大成國被滅後，易金逃避往番禺曹家，傳曹順 108 式小練頭，並在曹家傳承。而在廣東佛山方面，由於李文茂事件，廣東禁戲長達十五年，由於當時著重報仇應用方面，所以 108 式長套小練頭流傳不廣，紅船弟子隱藏起來習新的是三套拳詠春，待機向叛徒報仇與對抗，變成不公開教授之詠春拳。自太平天國平定後，三套拳之詠春演變成為日後直至今天的有特色之佛山詠春拳，散播世界各地。After the Dacheng kingdom were destroyed, Yik Kam escaped and taught at PanYuCho family. He taught Cho Shun of the Cho family the 108 long set Siu Lin Tau .That was the starting of the Cho gar Wing Chun transmission. On the otherhand, in Futshan , Guangdong, due to Lee Man Mau uprising, opera theaters wereban for fifteen years by the Qing government. For the Wing Chun kuen practitionersin this area, due to they focused on fighting the traitors type of training, the singlelong set system were replaced by the three sets system. Wing Chun kuen at thatpoint become closed door art. After the TaiPing Kingdom destroyed, the three setsystem carry on , Leung Jan open Wing Chun kuen to the public, and evolved intotodays unique Fut Shan Wing Chun, and spread all over the world.由於黃華寶、梁二娣似無深入參與起義與太平天國事件，傳至梁贊後正式公開教授，得以發揚光大直至今天。易金及羅晚恭系因涉及參與洪門反清及相關太平天國戰鬥及復仇，為了逃避清廷追查，所以兩系詠春拳一向處於低調作風。而在羅晚恭系的蛇鶴詠春方面，更以一連串化名如 火燒南少林（指火燒矎花會館）、叛徒馬寧兒（指有蔡李佛背景的太平天國叛徒）等去形容其系歷史（可從廣東三合會會薄記錄中查看相關化名），所以甚少提及真正往事，直至今天。相信過往對付蔡李佛背景的叛徒主要是由這系，而二字拑羊奪命刀亦在這系開始出現（雙刀霍寶全），似乎關係著也參與1854 廣東起義的上海小刀會的小刀。Since Wong Wah Boh and Leung Yee Dai were not seem to deeply involved in theuprising and the TaiPing events, their successor Leung Jan has openly teach WingChun kuen at his era. Leung Jan lineage grows and evolves Wing Chun kuensuccessfully till the present. On the other hand, Yik Kam and Law Man Kung wereknown to involve deeply in uprising, thus, they and their descendent stay in low keystyle to avoid the Qing government track down. Snake Crane Wing Chun lineagewhich was from Law Man Kung went as far as using the story of burning shaolintemple to replace the incident of the burning of the Fine Jade Hall, and also using ashaolin traitor , Ma Ning Yee, as a pseudonym for the traitors. But seldom broughtup the true history.From the tradition practice of the Snake Crane Wing Chun lineage as above, it isbelieve that this is one of the Wing Chun lineage which is involved deeply in fightingthe traitors. In addition, Law Man Kung lineage is also seems to be the lineage whichintegrated the double knives to Wing Chun kuen, as we know Law s student isnamed "double knives Fok Boh Chuen " . As for the source of this knives technics , itseems very likely to related to the small knife association of Shanghai, a Hung Mungroup which supporting the Lee Man Mau or Canton Hung Mun uprising of 1854.又，從上面詠春拳之歷史及當時的小念頭拳訣念頭歌，詠春拳以「守中用中」作拳理，是依小練頭「蛇身鶴肢」而立，詠春拳理及身法有別於另一紅船拳術「少林永春
拳」的拳理及身法，所以一向有爭議性的少林永春拳是詠春拳的說法，是肯定不能成立的。。。。Finally, from the history of Wing Chun kuen and the writing records of Siu Lin Taufrom the RedBoat era, by evidence, Wing Chun kuens core concept is "guardingcenter using center " , and this core concept needs to be supported by the "snakebody crane limbs "development via the Siu Lin Tau set. Thus, Wing Chun kuen isnot the Shaolin Weng Chun kuen which is using a different type of concept and bodylimbs development.