What's "Punk" about Cyberpunk?: Cultures of Resistance American Studies 282 Rutgers University Prof. Cornelius Collins Spring 2011
<ul><li>WHAT IS PUNK? (WHAT WAS PUNK?) </li></ul>
A working definition 1/3 <ul><li>Punk: </li><ul><li>a movement in late-1970s American and British cultures that through negation and refusal attacked the dominant, professionalized modes of production in those fields </li><ul><li>Beginning in music, extending to fashion and graphic design </li></ul></ul></ul>
A working definition 2/3 <ul><li>Critique </li><ul><li>the inauthentic style and message of rock music (and mass culture more broadly) for promoting passivity and conformity </li></ul><li>Demand </li><ul><li>the search for more authentic experiences -- including, potentially, violence -- and creation of alternative, organic communities </li></ul></ul>
A working definition 3/3 <ul><li>Renewal </li><ul><li>Addressed decline and stagnation of dominant culture and society
Recognized conflicts -- problems that mainstream culture prefers to mask, cover, and ignore </li></ul></ul>
Failure? <ul><li>The first wave of the movement was soon appropriated </li><ul><li>But inspired the founding of a family of related postpunk movements, networks, and scenes </li></ul></ul>
Do-it-yourself <ul><ul><ul><li>"Like most people growing up in liberal societies and liberal economies, I was used to politics, products, and entertainment being created and carried out by others for me, my own action being limited to spending a dollar and casting a vote. Punk taught me to DIY: Do-it-yourself. The idea that I could create my own culture -- 'do-it-myself' -- was for me revolutionary, as it carried within it the promise that I could also create my own politics and my own world" </li></ul></ul></ul>
Cultural resistance <ul><ul><ul><li>"The dominant system is one of such complete ideological and material hegemony than any cultural expression, even if it appears rebellious, is ... repackaged and transformed into a component of the status quo. ... [But] the very activity of producing culture has political meaning. In a society built around the principle that we should consume what others have produced for us, throwing an illegal warehouse rave or creating an underground music label -- that is creating your own culture -- takes on a rebellious resonance." (Stephen Duncombe) </li></ul></ul></ul>
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