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Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits
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Yolo-Solano AQMD: PEV Benefits

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  • 1. Air Quality Benefits of PEVs Jim AntoneYolo-Solano Air Quality Management District for Plug-In Electric Vehicles: Innovation, Incentives and Infrastructure UC Davis Conference Center February 25, 2012 1
  • 2. Overview District Background Air Pollutants of Concern Motor Vehicles and Air Quality Air Quality Benefits of Electric Vehicles 2
  • 3. BackgroundMission:The Yolo-Solano Air Quality ManagementDistrict is responsible for protectinghuman health and property from theharmful effects of air pollution. 3
  • 4. BackgroundCommunities within the DistrictYolo County NE Solano Co.Davis DixonWest Sacramento Rio VistaWinters VacavilleWoodland UnincorporatedUnincorporated 4
  • 5. Air Pollutants of Concern Both pollutants have potential for a variety of respiratory and cardiopulmonary impacts:Ozone Particulate Matter- susceptibility to - increased irritation of respiratory infections the airways, coughing or difficulty breathing- increased risk of heart attacks and strokes - aggravated asthma- increase in - irregular heartbeat mortality/premature - heart attacks deaths - cancer risk (diesel PM)- damage to crops and 5 natural vegetation
  • 6. Air Pollutants of Concern How Ozone is Formed 6
  • 7. Sacramento Federal Nonattainment Area for 8 Hour Ozone Standard EPA Classification : Severe Attainment Deadline: June 2019Includes Sacramento and Yolo Counties, and portions of El Dorado, Placer, Sutter and Solano Counties 7
  • 8. Air Pollutants of ConcernRegional Inventory of Ozone Forming Emissions 8
  • 9. Air Pollutants of ConcernParticulate Matter (PM 10, PM 2.5)Major Sources:Diesel Vehicle ExhaustFireplaces/Woodstoves 9
  • 10. Air Pollutants of Concern Carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted during the combustion of fossil fuels traps heat in the atmosphere and contributes to global warming. 10
  • 11. Motor Vehicles and Air Quality Motor vehicles have become significantly more energy efficient and less polluting, however population growth and increased driving has created the need to shift to 11 cleaner technologies.
  • 12. Motor Vehicles and Air Quality Autos and light/med trucks account for over 45% of the ozone forming emissions and almost 40% of the GHG emissions in the Sacramento Region 12
  • 13. Motor Vehicles and Air Quality One strategy to help meet our air quality standards, greenhouse gas reduction goals and reduce petroleum dependence is to shift from gasoline vehicles to PEV’s. 13
  • 14. Air Quality Benefits of PEV PEV vs. average new gasoline vehicle driven 12,000 miles/year for 8 years: - Annual reductions in ozone and particulate forming emissions: 14 pounds per year (112 pounds over 8 years) - Annual GHG reductions: 5.4 metric tons of CO2 (43.2 metric tons over 8 years) 14
  • 15. Gasoline Vehicle vs. PEV “Upstream” EmissionsGasoline Vehicle Emissions Plug-in Vehicle EmissionsTailpipe emissions No tail-pipe emissions Upstream/power plant Emissions associated with Power plant emissions: getting gasoline to market: PEV recharges directly from electrical grid eliminating many - Importing of crude oil in steps and upstream emissions tanker ships associated with gasoline - Refining of oil to gasoline production - Trucks delivering gas to fueling station - Gas station operations/ pumping gasoline into vehicle 15
  • 16. Additional PEV BenefitsReduced dependence on petroleum- Most electricity in CA produced from natural gas/hydro/wind/solar No coolant or motor oil - less potential for water pollution from spills and storm run-off Quiet operation 16
  • 17. Air Quality Benefits of PEV Thank You! Contact Information Jim Antone Yolo-Solano Air Quality Management District 1947 Galileo Court, Suite 103 Davis, CA 95618 530-757-3653 jantone@ysaqmd.org www.ysaqmd.org 17

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