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Sustainable communities -   Benfield
 

Sustainable communities - Benfield

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Kaid Benfield, Dir. Sustainable Communities - NRDC...

Kaid Benfield, Dir. Sustainable Communities - NRDC

Kaid will discuss the opportunities and advantages of creating a sustainable energy future.We once thought of cities as the antithesis of sustainability - but we now know that cities can be the solution to, not the cause of, our environmental threats. To take advantage of the opportunities before us in an increasingly urban society, we must be thoughtful, shaping our metropolitan regions to reduce our environmental footprint while creating beautiful, green, inclusive neighborhoods within them. As people concerned about the health and future of the planet, we must approach this task with energy and humility, paying every bit as much attention to nurturing great people habit as we do to conserving the habitats of other species.

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    Sustainable communities -   Benfield Sustainable communities - Benfield Presentation Transcript

    • People Habitat Kaid Benfield, NRDC© 2012, NRDC
    • Part 1
    • Basic Point #1: It’s Not Really About Energy© 2012, NRDC
    • Basic Point #2: Think Holistically It’s always about more than we think.© 2012, NRDC
    • Basic Point #3:Holistic Thinking Changes the Result Walk Score: 18 Walk Score: 95© 2012, NRDC
    • Basic Point #4: We Don’t Need to Do It All at Once  Reducing driving 5% saves 162m lbs of CO2 per year  Increasing density of development 20% saves amount of land equal to Kings Canyon NP every year© 2012, NRDC
    • Part 2
    • Next 25 (or so) Years:  People: +70m  Homes: +50m  Nonresidential: +78b sq ft  Half our built environment will be new© 2012, NRDC
    • San Diego Metro Area  Population 2009‐2048:  +42%© 2012, NRDC
    • We Need to Get This Right© 2012, NRDC
    • What’s Our Recent History?© 2012, NRDC
    • A. Land Consumption© 2012, NRDC
    • Vulnerable Resource Lands© 2012, NRDC
    • B. Resource Use: Waste© 2012, NRDC
    • C. Carbon Emissions INDUSTRIAL RESIDENT. 25% 20% COMMERCIAL 19% TRANSPORT 34%© 2012, NRDC
    • Driving & Transit Rates 3,000,000,000 25,000,000 2,500,000,000 20,000,000 Vehicle Miles Miles (in thousands) 2,000,000,000 Traveled 15,000,000 Boardings 1,500,000,000 Transit Boardings 10,000,000 1,000,000,000 5,000,000 500,000,000 0 0 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Year© 2012, NRDC
    • Frequency of Transit Use, by Country © 2012, NRDC
    • Walking, by Country© 2012, NRDC 
    • Consequences Are Not Limited to Land & Emissions 1990: 2006:© 2012, NRDC
    • © 2012, NRDC
    • Is This What We Really Wanted?© 2012, NRDC
    • And Why Would They Walk?© 2012, NRDC
    • Warehouse? Mall? Prison?© 2012, NRDC
    • “Get In, Get It Done, Get Out!” Walking to school is illegal here© 2012, NRDC
    • It’s Not Just Kids© 2012, NRDC
    • Sheesh, Kaid – We Thought You Were Going to Be Upbeat . . .© 2012, NRDC
    • Part 3
    • How to Do Better© 2012, NRDC
    • Two Scales Matter Most: First, the Region INSIDE CITY LIMITS: METRO AREA:  420,000 people  5,269,000 people  132 sq mi  8,376 sq mi© 2012, NRDC
    • Good Regional Thinking MeansDeveloping Only In the Right Places© 2012, NRDC
    • Revitalization Is Almost Always a Right Place: Reason #1© 2012, NRDC
    • Reason #2 Roswell ooooooo Marietta Lawrenceville Conyers Jonesboro ooooooo© 2012, NRDC
    • Implications for CO2 Transport. CO2/HH: > 8.6 tons/yr Transport. CO2/HH: < 3.3 tons/yr© 2012, NRDC
    • Location Matters Even if Everyone Drives  Both auto-dependent Hillsboro  Same daily vehicle trips per capita  Hillsboro has 25% lower VMT  Why? Shorter driving distances Antioch© 2012, NRDC
    • Other Things Matter, Too But Not as Much as Where We Grow© 2012, NRDC
    • This Requires a Broader View of “Green” Buildings 140 120 100 80 kBtu/ft2/yr, 60 Average Office Building 40 20 0 Building Transport Energy Energy© 2012, NRDC
    • A Green Building In the Wrong Place May Not Be So Green© 2012, NRDC
    • The Other Scale that Matters Most: Green Neighborhoods© 2012, NRDC
    • A FRAME FOR GREEN NEIGHBORHOODS: LEED for Neighborhood Development  Where: smart location & linkage  What: neighborhood pattern & design  How: green infrastructure & buildings© 2012, NRDC
    • A Bit More About Location© 2012, NRDC SLL p1, c1,3
    • Strong Public Transit Homes near strong transit generate only half the peak-hour auto trips that are otherwise predicted© 2012, NRDC SLL c3
    • But Avoid Sensitive Areas© 2012, NRDC SLL p2-5, c6-9
    • What: Neighborhood Pattern & Design (NPD)© 2012, NRDC
    • 1. Create Walkable Density 10 homes/ac 22 homes/ac II© 2012, NRDC NPD p2, c2
    • Density Helps Water Quality, Too 1/acre 10/acre 70/acre Stormwater Runoff Per Capita vs Density I I
    • But It Needn’t Be High Density© 2012, NRDC
    • Diminishing Environmental Returns Above 30-40 units/acre I I Red marks: 30du/ac 22 homes per acre in DC© 2012, NRDC
    • 2. Connected & Walkable Streets The strongest indicator of walking 2d strongest indicator of driving© 2012, NRDC NPD c6
    • 3. Things to Walk To  Nearby shops increase walking 25%  Residents of mixed-use neighborhoods weigh 10 lbs less than residents of sprawl© 2012, NRDC NPD c3
    • 4. Bring Back Walkable Schools© 2012, NRDC NPD c15
    • 5. Diverse Housing Types, Prices© 2012, NRDC NPD c4, 11
    • 6. Neighborhood Parks & Gardens© 2012, NRDC NPD c9,10,13
    • How: Green Infrastructure & Buildings(GIB)© 2012, NRDC
    • 1. Energy & Water Efficiency© 2012, NRDC GIB c1-4
    • 2. On-Site Renewables© 2012, NRDC GIB c1-4
    • 3. Preservation & Adaptation© 2012, NRDC GIB c5,6
    • 4. Stormwater & Wastewater Management
    • Things I Didn’t MentionBrownfield cleanup & reuse SLL c2Housing/jobs proximity SLL c5Ped/bike infrastructure SLL c4,NPD c1,14Reduced parking footprint NPD c5Community engagement NPD c12Heat Island reduction GIB c9Recycled content GIB c15Light pollution reduction GIB c17
    • Room for Improvement in LEED-ND  Existing neighborhoods  Historic preservation  Affordability  Parks, green space  Health  Community engagement
    • Very Encouraging Signs  Central-city growth up  Driving rates down  Driver’s licenses down  Car registrations down  Transit usage up  Demographics favor urbanism  Green infrastructure up  Green homes command resale premium
    • Part 4
    • A Look at Some Leaders
    • North America’s Best Regional Plan T HPopulation:  Developed  GHG emissions:
    • Key Elements  54% growth via revitalization  Transect-based minimum densities  Affordable housing  $8b transit investment  1.8m-acre greenbelt  Force of law  www.placestogrow.ca
    • Kaid’s FavoriteSmart Growth Project
    • The Atlanta Beltline
    • Glenwood Parkmer brownfield, 28 acres, 350 green homes, 70K commercial O
    • Rockford, Illinois  Largest IL city outside Chicago metro  Pop. 153K; metro 348K  Historically dependent on manufacturing  High unemployment, low education
    • “Vital Signs” Initiative  Ambitious sustainability plan  20-year goals, strategies, measurements  16 categories  Vacant properties, transit performance, economic mobility, VMT, local food, etc.  www.ourvitalsigns.com
    • State-of-the-Art Planning DENVER’S MARIPOSA NEIGHBORHOOD  Beginning: 17.5 acres, 182 homes  “Concentrated poverty and physical distress”
    • Process “Cultural audit,” separate charrettes for energy, transportation, health Community-majority steering committee
    • Plan Now Being Implemented  457 homes  Mixed use, mixed income  Homes for seniors, disabled  Comprehensive green infrastructure  Complete streets  Upgraded city park  No displacement
    • Suburban Retrofit: Dublin, OH  1980 population: 4000  Today: 38,000  Median family income: $126,000  More jobs than residents  New hires each year: 5-8,000  Housing demand: 1500 units, next 5-7 years
    • London’s BedZED
    • BedZED Facts  100 homes, offices for 100 workers  Walkable, transit-rich  64% reduction in driving  60% reduction in energy use  20% generated on-site, biomass planned
    •  58% reduction in water use 60% recycling rate FSC-certified wood Influencing its neighborhood
    • Resources
    • Please Visit My Blog:
    • Ecosystem Indicator Speciesor natural habitat, it may be a fish, or a bird.or people habitat, it maye seniors chatting on the idewalk, or kids walking to school.
    • People HabitatIt’s Not (Just) About Energy