Solar Energy and the California Desert<br />San Diego Solar Conference <br />Marriott Mission Valley <br />September 29, 2...
   Public Lands Managed by BLM<br />
       History<br />California Desert District<br />The Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976<br />
      California Desert Conservation Area<br />The Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976<br />Congress declared p...
      California Desert Conservation Area<br />The Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976<br /> Provide food and h...
       Multiple-Use Considerations<br />Recreation<br />Other Governmental<br />Reviews/Laws<br />Native American Values<b...
      California Desert Conservation Area<br />California Desert District<br />Designated by Congress as a Conservation Ar...
      California Desert Conservation Area<br />California Desert District<br /><ul><li>California Desert Protection Act of...
Established Mojave National Preserve from BLM East Mojave National Scenic Area
Death Valley and Joshua Tree National Monuments expanded and made National Parks</li></li></ul><li>  Planning History<br /...
   Plan Decisions & Congressional Designations<br />Wilderness legislation, planning decisions and policy restrict solar d...
Basic Land Status<br />
      Why Here … Why Now?<br />The Mojave Desert is a unique resource<br />300-330 cloudless days per year with level land...
      California Renewable Energy<br /><ul><li>2002:  Senate Bill 1078 establishes the Renewable</li></ul>     Portfolio S...
  2009:  Dept. of the Interior Secretarial Order #3289</li></ul>     declares renewable energy as top priority<br />
      Renewable Energy Applications<br />Beginning in 2005, CDD has received numerous applications for solar energy develo...
District-wide Application Locations<br />
     Concurrent Planning Efforts<br /><ul><li>First generation commercial-scale solar projects
 Solar Programmatic Environmental Impact</li></ul>    Statement (PEIS)<br /><ul><li> Desert Renewable Energy Conservation ...
 California Renewable Energy Transmission</li></ul>    Initiative (RETI)<br />
First Generation Solar Projects<br /><ul><li>Processing 10 applications with a total</li></ul>    megawatt capacity of 4,8...
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Solar Energy and the California Desert

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Presenter: Steve Borchard, Bureau of Land Management

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  • BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT260 million acres surface700 million acres subsurface estate (map of BLM national ownership)
  • Congress has passed 4 pieces of legislation designating wilderness totaling nearly 3.6 million acresThrough it’s planning process, BLM has established 90 Areas of Critical Environmental Concern6 Desert Wildlife Management Areas totaling 3.1 million acres3 Habitat Conservation Areas for the Mojave Ground Squirrel, Flat tail Horned Lizard and the Fringe Toed LizardLands that have been acquired for conservation purposes or donated to BLM are restricted from surface disturbing activities by policy, Solar development is likely to be incompatible with this policy
  • Congress has passed 4 pieces of legislation designating wilderness totaling nearly 3.6 million acresThrough it’s planning process, BLM has established 90 Areas of Critical Environmental Concern6 Desert Wildlife Management Areas totaling 3.1 million acres3 Habitat Conservation Areas for the Mojave Ground Squirrel, Flat tail Horned Lizard and the Fringe Toed LizardLands that have been acquired for conservation purposes or donated to BLM are restricted from surface disturbing activities by policy, Solar development is likely to be incompatible with this policy
  • The combination of abundant sunshine with 300 to 330 cloudless days,Large tracts of nearly level land under single ownershipHigh elevation, andLots of electricity customersMake the Mojave desert one of the best places on earth for the development of commercial scale solar energy.
  • The State Legislature, the Governor, the United States Congress, The Secretary of the Interior and the President have all directed that Renewable Energy must be developed.And it seems that everyone has their eyes on the California Desert.
  • BLM is currently working to complete the NEPA process by November of 2010 on 10 applications.If BLM completes the environmental analysis process, decides that the projects are compatible with other values, and issue a Right-of-Way, Then the project developers could begin construction by December 2010 and qualify for Federal loan guarantees under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.
  • The Governor has directed the DFG and CEC to develop a Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan.The plan is a comprehensive planning and streamlined compliance services for renewable energy projects. Balance project assurances with ecosystem protection.By December 31, 2009- identify and map areas for RPS project development and areas intended for long-term natural resource conservation.And don’t forget to include the Federal Partners- BLM and FWS
  • Solar Energy and the California Desert

    1. 1. Solar Energy and the California Desert<br />San Diego Solar Conference <br />Marriott Mission Valley <br />September 29, 2009 <br />
    2. 2. Public Lands Managed by BLM<br />
    3. 3. History<br />California Desert District<br />The Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976<br />
    4. 4. California Desert Conservation Area<br />The Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976<br />Congress declared policy<br /> Retain public lands in Federal ownership<br /> Manage lands for multiple use and sustained yield<br /> Prepare land-use plans<br /> Protect quality of scientific, scenic, historical,<br /> ecological, environmental, air, water, and <br /> archeological values<br />
    5. 5. California Desert Conservation Area<br />The Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976<br /> Provide food and habitat for fish and wildlife<br /> Provide for recreation, human occupancy, and use<br /> Manage lands in a manner that recognizes the<br /> nation’s need for domestic sources of minerals,<br /> food, timber, and fiber<br />
    6. 6. Multiple-Use Considerations<br />Recreation<br />Other Governmental<br />Reviews/Laws<br />Native American Values<br />Wild Horse<br />&<br />Burros<br />Wildlife<br /> &<br /> Vegetation<br />Cultural<br />Resources<br />Energy Development Decisions<br />Geology-Energy<br />Minerals<br />Livestock<br />Grazing<br />Wilderness<br />Energy Production & Utility Corridors<br />Motorized-Vehicle Access<br />
    7. 7. California Desert Conservation Area<br />California Desert District<br />Designated by Congress as a Conservation Area, this 25 million-acre expanse covers most of southeastern California -- almost a quarter of the entire state. Nearly half of its acreage is a desert conservation showcase managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). <br />
    8. 8. California Desert Conservation Area<br />California Desert District<br /><ul><li>California Desert Protection Act of 1994 designated wilderness in the CDCA
    9. 9. Established Mojave National Preserve from BLM East Mojave National Scenic Area
    10. 10. Death Valley and Joshua Tree National Monuments expanded and made National Parks</li></li></ul><li> Planning History<br />CDD Management Issues<br />California Desert Conservation Area Plan – 1980<br /> - 25+ million acres / BLM manages about 11 million acres<br />Northern and Eastern Mojave Desert (NEMO) Plan<br /> - 2.7 million acres public land / Decision signed 2002<br /> Northern and Eastern Colorado Desert (NECO) Plan<br /> - 3.8 million acres public land / Decision signed 2002<br /> West Mojave (WEMO) Plan<br /> - 3.3 million acres public land / Decision signed 2006<br /> Coachella Valley Plan <br />- 1.2 million acres public land / Decision signed 2002<br />South Coast Resource Management Plan revision<br />- 130,000 acres public land/ Draft in preparation<br />Eastern San Diego Resource Management Plan<br /> - 103,000 acres public land / Decision signed 2008<br />
    11. 11. Plan Decisions & Congressional Designations<br />Wilderness legislation, planning decisions and policy restrict solar development:<br />Wilderness areas (3.57 million acres)<br /> Wilderness study areas (300,000 acres)<br /> ACECs (90)<br /> DWMAS (3.1 million acres)<br /> Habitat Conservation Area (1.6 million acres)<br /> Lands acquired or donated for conservation purposes<br /> (approx 600,000 acres)<br />
    12. 12. Basic Land Status<br />
    13. 13. Why Here … Why Now?<br />The Mojave Desert is a unique resource<br />300-330 cloudless days per year with level land at a high elevation <br />Close to 25 million electricity consumers<br />Solar Potential<br />
    14. 14. California Renewable Energy<br /><ul><li>2002: Senate Bill 1078 establishes the Renewable</li></ul> Portfolio Standard Program (RPSP), requiring 20%<br />renewables by 2020<br /><ul><li> 2006: Senate Bill 107 accelerated the 20% requirement</li></ul> to 2010<br /><ul><li> 2008: Governor issues Executive Order S-14-08</li></ul> requiring 33% renewables by 2020<br /><ul><li> Energy Policy Act of 2005 directed Secretaries of Interior and Energy to develop renewable energy projects on public lands with a generating capacity of at least 10,000 megawatts by 2015
    15. 15. 2009: Dept. of the Interior Secretarial Order #3289</li></ul> declares renewable energy as top priority<br />
    16. 16. Renewable Energy Applications<br />Beginning in 2005, CDD has received numerous applications for solar energy development, prompting the need to address applications in a coordinated and consistent district-wide manner<br />Currently, 63 applicants first in line with 23 second in line<br />
    17. 17. District-wide Application Locations<br />
    18. 18. Concurrent Planning Efforts<br /><ul><li>First generation commercial-scale solar projects
    19. 19. Solar Programmatic Environmental Impact</li></ul> Statement (PEIS)<br /><ul><li> Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan
    20. 20. California Renewable Energy Transmission</li></ul> Initiative (RETI)<br />
    21. 21. First Generation Solar Projects<br /><ul><li>Processing 10 applications with a total</li></ul> megawatt capacity of 4,863 Megawatts<br /><ul><li> Targeting decisions by November 2010</li></ul> to enable applicants to qualify for<br /> ARRA funding<br />
    22. 22. Solar PEIS<br /><ul><li>Scoping period closed Sept. 14 regarding</li></ul> solar energy study areas to be analyzed.<br /> Proposal was for 24 study areas nationally <br /> – four in California<br /><ul><li> Draft EIS scheduled to be released in June or July of 2010</li></li></ul><li> Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan<br /><ul><li>Comprehensive planning system
    23. 23. Streamline compliance
    24. 24. Balance projects with ecosystem protection
    25. 25. Identify independent science process
    26. 26. Identify areas for project development
    27. 27. Identify areas intended for conservation
    28. 28. Include Federal partners- BLM and FWS</li></li></ul><li> Transmission<br /><ul><li>Westwide Energy Corridor PEIS
    29. 29. Sunrise Powerlink
    30. 30. DVP II
    31. 31. Barren Ridge
    32. 32. Greenpath
    33. 33. Blythe</li></li></ul><li>so·lar<br />Pronunciation: ˈsō-lər, -ˌlär <br />Etymology: Middle English, 15th century<br />1 : of, derived from, relating to,<br /> The California Desert<br />
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