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  • 1. Plug-In Electric Vehicles: Innovation, Incentives and Infrastructure February 15, 2012 Dipankar Sarkar Technology Demonstration Manager Technology Advancement Office South Coast Air Quality Management District
  • 2. AQMD Background
    • South Coast Basin:
    • 4-county region
    • 11,000 sq. miles
    • 16+ million residents
    • Hundreds of thousands diesel vehicles
    • Millions of gasoline vehicles
    • Combined Ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles are nation's largest port complex
    L o s A n g e l e s C o u n t y O r a n g e C o u n t y R i v e r s i d e C o u n t y S a n B e r n a r d i n o C o u n t y
  • 3. Key Regional Air Quality Challenge: Reducing Nitrogen Oxides from Mobile Sources
    • Attaining federal ozone and PM 2.5 standards will require substantial NOx reductions beyond adopted rules
    • Ozone standard will likely require the greatest reductions
      • Attainment Deadlines:
        • 2023 (80 ppb standard)
        • 2032 timeframe (75 ppb standard)
    NO x Mobile Sources 90%
  • 4. 1 Preliminary emissions estimates based on data updated from 2007 AQMP where available: CARB 2010 emissions projections for trucks and off-road equipment; IMO Tier 1 – 3 for ocean vessels; EPA 2008 rule for locomotives; 2007 AQMP short-term measures for other categories. Range for oceangoing vessels (20 -52) based on varying deployment assumptions for IMO Tier 2 and 3 vessels and range of ports’ cargo forecasts. 2. 1997 80 ppb federal ambient ozone standard. Source: 2007 AQMP. South Coast Air Basin Top 15 NOx Categories: 2023 NOx Emissions With Adopted Rules Preliminary SCAQMD Estimates 1 2023 NOx carrying capacity for 80 ppb federal ozone standard 2 Preliminary 2030 NOx carrying capacity for current 75 ppb federal ozone standard
  • 5. Health Consequences
    • >5,000 premature deaths / year
    • 9,000 hospitalizations / year
    • 1.7 million cases respiratory illness / year
    • 1.3 million school absences
    • 2.8 million lost workdays / year
  • 6. Strategy for Technology Advancement Technology Demonstrations Regulate Incentives & Funding Technology Providers End-Users
  • 7. AQMD Clean Fuels Program
    • Established in 1988
    • $1 fee on DMV registrations ($~12M/yr)
    • Stationary source fee (~$400k/yr)
    • Research, develop, demonstrate, and deploy ( RD 3 ) clean technologies
    Technology Advancement Office Clean Fuels Program 2010 Annual Report and 2011 Plan Update March 2011
  • 8. Advanced Technologies
    • Aftertreatment
    • Emulsified Diesel
    • HD Natural Gas Engines
    • Natural Gas Fueling Infrastructure
    • Advanced Diesel Engines
    • Hybrid Vehicles
    • Plug-in Electric Vehicles
    • Gas to Liquid Fuel
    • Renewables/Biofuels
    • H2 Technologies & Refueling
    • Fuel Cell Vehicles
    Near-Term Longer-Term
  • 9. Pathway Toward Zero-Emissions Electric car (Nissan Leaf) Battery Bus Heavy-duty battery truck
  • 10. AQMD Demonstration Vehicles
    • Battery-Electric Mini Es, Nissan Leaf
    • Plug-In Hybrid Toyota Prius
    • Fuel Cell (Honda Clarity)
    • Ford Escape Converted PHEVs
    • Neighborhood Electric Vehicles
  • 11. South Bay Cities COG LUV Project
    • NEV Demo Extension $119,815 AQMD Clean Fuels, $230k total
      • Add 2 NEVs and continue 4 NEVs
      • Add drivers and applications
      • Conduct 12 month demonstration with data collection
    • Potential for Expansion
  • 12. Electric Charging at AQMD
    • Publicly accessible
    • Supports a variety of Plug-In Vehicles
    • Upgrading to support new vehicles
  • 13. Trucks
    • Transpower Battery Electric Class 8 Truck
    • EVI/UPS Trucks
    • Plug-In Electric Utility Trucks and Buses
    • Balqon Heavy-Duty Battery Electric Yard Truck
    • Santa Monica Battery Electric Utility Truck
  • 14. Transit Buses
    • Battery-electric with quick charge (Foothill Transit: Protera)
    • Hydrogen fuel cell (Sunline Transit: Van Hool, UTC Fuel Cell)
  • 15. Clean Air Choices Outreach
    • Governing Board direction
      • Goals
        • Design mobile application with vehicle calculator
        • Update CleanAirChoices.org website
        • Educate & Inform public
        • Build momentum (elected officials & press)
      • Deliverables
        • Board Retreat preview of mobile app
        • Live Rollout target EVS26 in May
  • 16. South Coast EV Charging Infrastructure Funding Programs Project Agencies Funding Source Amount SoCalEV Project AQMD, SoCalEV CEC/ SoCalEV $840,750 ChargeUp LA City of LA LADWP $2,000,000 Install EVSE Clipper Creek, Coulomb Technologies, ECOtality SCAQMD $210,000 Upgrade EVSE Clipper Creek CEC $760,000 ChargePoint America Coulomb Technologies DOE/CEC $1,400,000 The EV Project ECOtality DOE/CEC $3,200,000 TOTAL $8,400,000
  • 17. DOE PEV Infrastructure Grant
    • Received $1M grant from DOE Clean Cities Program for PEV infrastructure planning, AQMD as lead agency
      • Six regional plans (Bay Area, Central Coast, Sacramento, San Diego, San Joaquin, South Coast), statewide guidelines document, education outreach workshops
      • Compile regional plans into statewide plan
      • DOE agreement going to Oct Board for receiving grant and executing contracts with sub-recipients
  • 18. CEC PEV Infrastructure Grant
    • Received $200K from CEC for PEV infrastructure planning, SCAG and AQMD co-lead agencies
      • Fund sub-regional studies that feed into regional PEV infrastructure plan
      • Awards announced in late Sept
      • Entering into contracting process
  • 19. For More Information….
    • Dipankar Sarkar
    • (909) 396-2273
    • [email_address]
    • www.aqmd.gov