Uploaded on

John Addison, presentation about his book

John Addison, presentation about his book

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
664
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
26
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Catalyst for Change Global Warming Cost of Oil National Security Healthy Future
  • 3. Agenda
    • Ride Clean
    • Ride Less
    • Ride Together
    • Climate & Energy Security
    • Future Multimodal Fun
  • 4. Ride Cleaner
    • Share the Gas Miser
    • Eco-Driving
    • Electric Vehicles
    • Plug-in Hybrids
    • Riding on Sunlight
    • Biofuels
  • 5. Share the Gas Miser 4 Tons CO 2 12 Tons CO 2
  • 6. 2009 Vehicles with Lowest GHG
    • Toyota Prius
    • Honda Civic Hybrid
    • Honda Insight
    • Ford Fusion Hybrid
    • smart fortwo
    • Nissan Altima Hybrid
    • Honda Civic CNG
    • Toyota Camry Hybrid
    • Ford Escape Hybrid
    • Mini Cooper and Clubman
    • Report details at www.cleanfleetreport.com
  • 7. Eco-Driving
    • 24% Solution = $1,000/year
    • 65 mph Vs. 80 mph
    • Tires – inflated and low resistance
    • Tune-up
    • Remove the rack
    • Lighten up
  • 8. Electric Vehicles
    • 40,000 EV in USA
    • Efficiency 67% EV Vs. 15% ICE
    • 25 miles & 25 mph limits for LEV
    • Tesla Freeway speed & 240 mile range
    • 2010 Freeway-Speed
      • Nissan
      • Chrysler
      • TH!NK
      • BYD
      • More
    • Charge overnight in garage
    • Fast charging alternatives
    • Lack of charging standards and infrastructure
  • 9. Asian Electric Vehicles
    • 80 Million Battery Electric Vehicles
    • Electric Two Wheelers (ETW)
    • Over 1,000 Light Electric Vehicles 3 and 4 Wheel
  • 10. China E2W Revolution
  • 11. THE NISSAN EV All the feature customers have come to expect: Compact Car Size Space For 5 People 100-Mile Range Advanced Safety Features
  • 12. Plug-in Hybrids
    • Conversion momentum
      • AQMD
      • Google
      • NY City
      • Delivery Vehicles
      • Heavy Vehicles
    • Automakers 2010
      • Toyota Prius
      • GM Volt
      • Chrysler Jeep, Town & Country
      • Fisker
      • Aptera
    • Use of existing fueling infrastructure
    • High battery demands
  • 13. GM October 2007 Presentation
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. CLEAN ENERGY SUPPLY Ability to reduce CO2 emission to almost zero by using solar, wind, and other renewables. CO2 emission of EV (Considering present gasoline vehicle as 100) 100 80 60 40 20 0 Gasoline Vehicle EV Current Average
  • 17. Riding on Sunlight High Growth Renewable Energy
  • 18. Renewable Energy Cost Trends Wind 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 PV COE cents/kWh 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 40 30 20 10 0 100 80 60 40 20 0 Biomass Geothermal Solar thermal 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 COE cents/kWh 10 8 6 4 2 0 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 15 12 9 6 3 0 Source: NREL Energy Analysis Office (www.nrel.gov/analysis/docs/cost_curves_2002.ppt) 1 These graphs are reflections of historical cost trends NOT precise annual historical data.
  • 19. FUTURE INTELLIGENT GRID (V2G/V2H) Key attributes: compatibility and functionality Efficient Building Systems Utility Communications Dynamic Systems Control Data Management Distribution Operations Distributed Generation & Storage EVs/PHEVs Smart End-Use Devices Advanced Metering Consumer Portal & Building EMS Internet Renewables PV Control Interface
  • 20. Hydrogen Fuel Cell EV Fuel Cell HICE Trucks Buses
  • 21. Renewable to Byproduct Hydrogen Solar & REC Electrolysis Onsite CNG Reformation LH2 Delivered Pipelined Byproduct
  • 22. GM October 2007 Presentation
  • 23. Ethanol
    • 2000 = 1 billion gallons
    • 2020 = 30 billion gallons
    • E10 Momentum
    • E100 Success in Brazil
    • Flex-Fuel Vehicle (FFV) = easy compliance EPAC & other “green” requirements
    • Corn prices jump 60% in 2 years
    • Future: Fuel from wood and waste not food and haste
  • 24. Cost Competitive Challenge: scalability from lab to 100,000,000 gallons/year plant
    • Cost reduction: water, land, fertilizer, nitrogen
    • Integration with existing wood & paper plants
    • Process breakthroughs: purification, conversion, gasification, efficiency
    • CO2 sequestration: poplar, grasses, algae
    • 10X biomass/acre (e.g. energy cane)
    • 100X yield/acre (e.g. algae)
    • No new infrastructure – biodiesel, biogasoline, biocrude
    • Pipeline delivery
  • 25. Pyrolisis Mixalco Process Glycerin Natural Oils BioDiesel (FAME or FAEE) Methanol/Ethanol Gasification Syngas Fermentation Ethanol/Butanol BTL Diesel Mixed Higher Alcohol Methane Microbial cultures Dimethylfuran Gasoline, Diesel, Hydrocarbons Ethanol, Butanol, Renewable Petroleum FermDiesel Sugars/ Starch Fermentation Biogasoline ETG via catalysis Biomass Cellulose/ Hemicellulose Acid or Enzyme Hydrolysis Saccharification Ethanol Algae + Sunlight – CO2 Cell Mass Hydrocracking Waste Fischer-Tropspch catalysis BioDiesel (FAME or FAEE) Catalytic Conversion Butanol Diesel Transesterification Catalysis and Aqueous phase Reforming Fermentation Catalytic Conversion Ethanol Feedstock Supply Volume Increasing Technological Difficulty Biooil Khosla Ventures: scalability Feed Cost
  • 26. Cellulosic Ethanol
    • DuPont Danisco Tenn 20 Switchgrass
    • Gulf Coast Energy Florida 25 Woody biomass
    • Mascoma Michigan 40 Woody biomass
    • Poet Iowa 25 Corn cobs
    • Range Fuels Georgia 20 Wood waste
    • Verenium-BP Florida 36 Energy cane, sorghum
    • Enerkem Miss 20 Municipal waste
  • 27. GHG Source-to-Wheels Debate California Global Warming Intensity at Wheel (g CO2e/MJ) 30 Midwest Soy Biodiesel 114 Corn with Coal Electricity Ethanol -12 Cellulosic from Poplar Trees Ethanol 27 California Average Electricity 22 Biomass & Pipeline Delivery Hydrogen 48 Onsite CH4 Reformed Hydrogen 79 North American Pipelined CNG 167 Coal-to-Liquid Diesel 71 ULSD Refined Diesel 92 Oil Refined Gasoline GREET Production Fuel
  • 28. USMC Camp Pendleton Fleet 300+ Solar Charged EV Hydrogen Future 5 Million Gallons B20 JP8 Tactical
  • 29. Cleantech-Biotech Opportunities
    • Materials
    • Nanotech
    • Batteries
    • Electric Drive Systems
    • Smart Charging
    • Vehicles
    • Synthetic Biology
    • Advanced Biofuels
    • Solar
    • Wind
    • Smart Grid
    • V2G
    • System Integration
  • 30. Ride Less
    • Flexible Work
    • Web Conference not Fly
    • Get a Better Job
    • Urban Demographic Shift
    Americans Reduce VMT for 16 Months
  • 31. Walk Healthy Mentally Healthy
  • 32. Ride Together Public Transit Ride Share Rail
  • 33. 98% of U.S. Commuters Favor Public Transportation for Others - headline in the Onion
  • 34.  
  • 35. Last Miles To-From Commuter Express
    • Google Maps
    • Rideshare to Bus Stop
    • Walk
    • Bicycle
    • Bicycle Share
    • E-Bike
    • EV
    • Shuttles
    • Guaranteed Ride Home
  • 36. Car-light and Carefree
    • Walk More
    • Bike More
    • Sharing One Car
    • Car-Free and Carefree
  • 37. Universities & Colleges Bicycle Public Transit Car Sharing GPS
  • 38.  
  • 39. Save the Planet
    • Build on Existing Success
    • Renewable Energy
    • Hybrids to Electric Vehicles
    • 4 Million Govt Vehicles MPG & EV
    • Invest in Public Transportation
    • High-Speed Rail Connected Cities
    • Multimodal Fast & Cheap
    • Sustainable Communities
    • 5,000,000 Green Jobs
    • U.S. Leadership in Global Climate Agreement
  • 40.  
  • 41. San Diego
  • 42. Los Angeles
  • 43.  
  • 44. San Francisco
  • 45. Our Hope, Our Legacy, Our Future cleanfleetreport.com
  • 46.