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Local Energy Assurance Planning:Sponsored by:   The Chula Vista Case Study                Craig Ruiz, Office of Economic D...
Goal & Objectives Goal   Develop & implement an energy assurance & resiliency plan for    Chula Vista to maintain operat...
Participants Task Force Member Organizations    Federal       – Energy, Environmental Quality         & Emergency Manage...
Participants Task Force Member Organizations    Federal       – Energy, Environmental Quality         & Emergency Manage...
Participants Task Force Member Organizations (continued)    City of Chula Vista       – City Council & the Department/Di...
Participants Project Management & Consultants    Project Management      – Chula Vista Office of Economic Development   ...
Planning ProcessFour Planning Components1. Short-Term Technology Solutions2. Financing, Policies & Procedures3. Workforce ...
Planning Process                             2010   2011Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May Jun. Ju...
Planning Process Component #1  Short-Term Technology Solutions  Facility Assessment      Inventory facilities & facility...
Planning Process Component #1  Short-Term Technology Solutions  Facility Assessment (continued)      Conduct onsite ener...
Planning Process Component #1  Short-Term Technology Solutions   Fuel Assessment      Establish a schedule for routine t...
Planning Process Component #1  Short-Term Technology Solutions  Fuel Assessment (continued)     Identify & schedule trai...
Planning Process Component #2  Financing, Policies & Procedures    Financing       Develop a strategic investment elemen...
Planning Process Component #2  Financing, Policies & Procedures  Policies     Cite all relevant legal authorities for pl...
Planning Process Component #2  Financing, Policies & Procedures Procedures    Develop a plan element to accommodate relo...
Planning Process Component #3  Workforce Training       & Operations Testing Training    Establish routine training for ...
Planning Process Component #3  Workforce Training      & Operations Testing Operations Testing    Scenario-based testing...
Planning Process Component #4  Framework for a Long-Term      Technology Solution       Assess the feasibility of a loca...
Planning Process Component #4  Framework for a Long-Term      Technology Solution       Assess technologically & economi...
Planning Process Component #4  Framework for a Long-Term      Technology Solution                          Assess the fe...
Plan Highlights LEAP Vulnerabilities    Potential Hazards       Wildfire/Structural Fire       Geologic (Earthquake, L...
Plan Highlights LEAP Vulnerabilities    Energy & Fuel Systems (continued)       Need for Continuous Fuel Monitoring    ...
Plan Highlights LEAP Goals   Eleven (11) Goals     1. Municipal Fuel Supplies for 72-hours of operation     2. Private F...
Plan Highlights LEAP Objectives & Actions     LEAP Goal #2:     All privately-owned facilities supporting residents with ...
Plan Highlights Financial, Technical & Administrative Capacity    All Measures & Actions Screened for Feasibility    Te...
Plan Highlights Chula Vista EAP Implementation            Sponsored by:                                    19
Plan Highlights Implementation Funding Sources & Timing   Goal #1: In the short-term, all critical community facilities ...
Plan Highlights Toward A Long-Term Technical Solution   A need to move beyond the current energy    supply model & energ...
Plan Highlights Toward A Long-Term Technical Solution   This first model would support the City’s Emergency Operations  ...
Plan Highlights Toward A Long-Term Technical Solution   Each microgrid will have redundant natural gas-fueled combined  ...
Plan Highlights Toward A Long-Term Technical Solution   Central Power, Cooling & Heat Provided by Side-by-Side Heat    R...
Next Steps Chula Vista & SDG&E are  exploring the potential of an energy  assurance microgrid & other means  of supply en...
Discussion Your Questions & Comments?          Sponsored by:                                  24
Local Energy Assurance Planning:Sponsored by:   The Chula Vista Case Study                Craig Ruiz, Office of Economic D...
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DOE’s Local Energy Assurance Planning Initiative: The Chula Vista Case Study

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In February 2010, the U.S. Department of Energy awarded $8 million to 43 cities in 25 states to develop new or improve upon existing energy assurance plans.

These grants are making it possible for local officials to enhance their ability to deal with accidental or intentional disruptions to regional energy systems, including the electricity grid, petroleum refining, storage, and distribution infrastructure and natural gas distribution systems. The City of Chula Vista received one of only three grants awarded to communities in California and has launched an extensive planning initiative to produce its energy assurance plan. This presentation will highlight the plan's components and will describe a replicable process other communities can pursue to develop their own energy assurance plans.

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Transcript of "DOE’s Local Energy Assurance Planning Initiative: The Chula Vista Case Study"

  1. 1. Local Energy Assurance Planning:Sponsored by: The Chula Vista Case Study Craig Ruiz, Office of Economic Development, City of Chula Vista, California Doug Newman, National Energy Center for Sustainable Communities  Goal & Objectives  Participants  Process  Plan Highlights  Next Steps
  2. 2. Goal & Objectives Goal  Develop & implement an energy assurance & resiliency plan for Chula Vista to maintain operations of critical facilities & functions during accidental or intentional disruption of energy supplies Project Objectives  Determine the short-term technology solutions to temporarily meet the energy demand of critical facilities & functions  Determine the policy, procedural, financing & training mechanisms needed to support the technology solutions  Ensure that the planned solutions and mechanisms reinforce Federal, state & regional emergency response objectives & are tested  Design a long-term technology solution to permanently meet energy demand for critical facilities & functions & to enhance grid reliability Sponsored by: 2
  3. 3. Participants Task Force Member Organizations  Federal – Energy, Environmental Quality & Emergency Management Agencies  State of California – Energy, Environmental Quality, Emergency Management & Transportation Agencies  San Diego County – Emergency Management & Regional Planning Agencies, – The Cities of Coranado, Lemon Grove & San Diego  Other LEAP Pilot Cities – Cities of Visalia & San Jose, CA – City of Phoenix, AZ Sponsored by: 3
  4. 4. Participants Task Force Member Organizations  Federal – Energy, Environmental Quality & Emergency Management Agencies  State of California – Energy, Environmental Quality, Emergency Management & Transportation Agencies  San Diego County – Emergency Management & Regional Planning Agencies, – The Cities of Coronado, Lemon Grove & San Diego  Other LEAP Pilot Cities – Cities of Visalia & San Jose, CA – City of Phoenix, AZ Sponsored by: 3
  5. 5. Participants Task Force Member Organizations (continued)  City of Chula Vista – City Council & the Department/Divisions/Offices of Public Safety, Fire, Public Works, Public Communications, Environmental Services, Planning & Building, Economic Development, Transportation & Fleet Management  Utilities & Services Serving Chula Vista – Electricity, Gas, Water, Wastewater, Telecommunications  Critical & Long-term Care Facilities – Hospitals & Nursing Homes  School Institutions & University Advisors – High School & Elementary School Districts – Univ. CA San Diego & San Diego State University Sponsored by: 4
  6. 6. Participants Project Management & Consultants  Project Management – Chula Vista Office of Economic Development  Engineering – Burns & McDonnell Engineering Kansas City, MO  Policy – National Energy Center for Sustainable Communities - Arlington, VA  Planning – National Energy Center for Sustainable Communities College of Engineering, SDSU San Diego, CA & Chicago, IL Sponsored by: 5
  7. 7. Planning ProcessFour Planning Components1. Short-Term Technology Solutions2. Financing, Policies & Procedures3. Workforce Training & Testing4. A Long-Term Technology Solution Sponsored by: 6
  8. 8. Planning Process 2010 2011Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Component #1 Short-Term Technology Solutions * Component #2 Financing, Policy & Procedures * Component #3 Workforce Training & Operations Testing Component #4 Long-Term Technology Solution * Plan Formulation & Adoption * Task Force Input Sponsored by: * 22
  9. 9. Planning Process Component #1 Short-Term Technology Solutions Facility Assessment  Inventory facilities & facility ownership / management  Develop a plan element for the consolidation of essential municipal operations in the fewest number of facilities  Prioritize facility criticality by functions & impacts: (e.g.: life saving, life sustaining, critical communications, etc.) Sponsored by: 7
  10. 10. Planning Process Component #1 Short-Term Technology Solutions Facility Assessment (continued)  Conduct onsite energy audits for priority facilities  Calculate energy demand for required operations  Identify no-cost / low cost alternatives to reduce demand – Estimate potential energy demand reduction  Record energy output of existing back-up systems, (stationary or mobile / roll-up units) for each facility – Calculate energy shortfall for each facility  Evaluate technology alternatives to meet the shortfall (examine economic & environmental costs & benefits) Sponsored by: 8
  11. 11. Planning Process Component #1 Short-Term Technology Solutions Fuel Assessment  Establish a schedule for routine testing / inspections of onsite generators (checking fuel supplies & standby mode), fuel storage capacity & for replenishment of fuel storage facilities – To include inspection of automatic fuel reserve sensors  Establish worse-case scenario fuel demand & tanker delivery plan  Establish primary & alternate refueling routes Sponsored by: 9
  12. 12. Planning Process Component #1 Short-Term Technology Solutions Fuel Assessment (continued)  Identify & schedule training for fueling & delivery personnel – Distribute a facility priority list for refueling  Develop a communications protocol for all personnel  Schedule routine testing for all roll-up generators  Establish a plan component to ensure facilities requiring uninterruptable power supply (UPS) can obtain them  Execute advanced emergency purchase authorizations for fuel acquisition with suppliers ensuring a minimum of 72 hrs. supply Sponsored by: 10
  13. 13. Planning Process Component #2 Financing, Policies & Procedures Financing  Develop a strategic investment element that sets out technology & systems-specific financing strategies for the short & long-term technology solutions in the plan – Specify financing options & staging of investments  Develop a strategic investment schedule to stage facility hardening  Develop an investment schedule to build a diverse portfolio of back-up energy technologies Sponsored by: 11
  14. 14. Planning Process Component #2 Financing, Policies & Procedures Policies  Cite all relevant legal authorities for planned action elements  Ensure the plan’s alignment with the National Incident Management System (NIMS) under the National Response Framework & other applicable Federal or state mandates – (including those of CEC, COEM, CalTrans, SANDAG)  Ensure alignment with local utility emergency energy & operations plans (e.g.: SDG&E, Otay & Sweetwater Water Districts, SDMWD)  Draft changes to all existing Mutual Aid Agreements between the City & other entities to accommodate plan elements Sponsored by: 12
  15. 15. Planning Process Component #2 Financing, Policies & Procedures Procedures  Develop a plan element to accommodate relocated personnel to consolidated service facilities & ensure they understand their role  Establish standard operating procedures (SOPs) to routinely exercise onsite & roll-up generators –including fueling, start-up, checking for functionality & readiness  Recruit primary & alternate personnel to operate refueling equipment  Develop a written explanation on how the priority fueling list was developed & circulate to relevant personnel  Prepare & schedule training on the operation of emergency communications equipment for all relevant personnel Sponsored by: 13
  16. 16. Planning Process Component #3 Workforce Training & Operations Testing Training  Establish routine training for delivery of fuel to critical facilities – Ensure training / direction on primary & alternate routes  Establish routine training & exercises for personnel operating onsite & roll-up generators  Establish routine training for fuel storage personnel to ensure they understand how to read fuel reserve sensors & to order fuel Sponsored by: 14
  17. 17. Planning Process Component #3 Workforce Training & Operations Testing Operations Testing  Scenario-based testing of Chula Vista’s Energy Assurance Plan – Scenarios generated by NARUC  Follow-on report to U.S.DOE on lessons learned  Revisions to the final plan to address areas of concern  Adoption & implementation of the plan Sponsored by: 15
  18. 18. Planning Process Component #4 Framework for a Long-Term Technology Solution  Assess the feasibility of a local renewable energy center dedicated to the support of critical community infrastructure that could serve Chula Vista & surrounding communities  Assess the feasibility of creating a microgrid(s) within Chula Vista that incorporate advanced metering & other Smart Grid technologies to provide rapid switching & load shedding for critical circuits, & islanding capability for critical facilities Sponsored by: 16
  19. 19. Planning Process Component #4 Framework for a Long-Term Technology Solution  Assess technologically & economically feasible energy system design alternatives that integrate distributed generation (DG) & / or Combined Heat & Power (CHP) equipment, delivery, monitoring, control & communications components with existing metropolitan electricity & natural gas infrastructure – Designs will feature distributed generation technologies capable of operating on natural gas during non-emergency periods & a variety of locally available renewable & waste fuel stocks during emergencies Sponsored by: 17
  20. 20. Planning Process Component #4 Framework for a Long-Term Technology Solution  Assess the feasibility of implementing solar & battery powered traffic signals & streetlights at critical intersections to would ensure continued traffic flow & safety during power disruptions  Examine both permanent & roll-up units Sponsored by: 18
  21. 21. Plan Highlights LEAP Vulnerabilities  Potential Hazards  Wildfire/Structural Fire  Geologic (Earthquake, Landslide, Liquefaction)  Hazardous Materials Releases  Floods / Dam Inundation  Other – Airplane Crashes)  Energy & Fuel Systems  Need for Extended Fuel Storage at Municipal Facilities  Need for Community Congregation with Energy Assurance  Need for HVAC Modifications to the Emergency Ops. Center  Need for Equipment Inspection, Maintenance & Training  Missed Opportunity to Use Supplemental Solar Sponsored by: 19
  22. 22. Plan Highlights LEAP Vulnerabilities  Energy & Fuel Systems (continued)  Need for Continuous Fuel Monitoring  Need for Revisions in Vendor Contracts  Continuity of Operations  Need for an Energy Emergency Consolidation Plan  Need for Revisions to Mutual Aid Agreements  Constituent Needs  Need for a Shelters Operations Plan  Needed Measures to Energy Supplies for the Functional Needs Population Sponsored by: 19
  23. 23. Plan Highlights LEAP Goals  Eleven (11) Goals 1. Municipal Fuel Supplies for 72-hours of operation 2. Private Fuel Supplies for 72-hours of operation 3. Energy Assurance for all Future CCFs/FSFNs 4. Adequate Congregate Care Shelters with Energy Assurance 5. Trained Personnel for all Energy Assurance Systems 6. Fully Equipped EOC for Extended Operations 7. Practiced Plan in Place for Consolidation of Municipal Personnel 8. Energy Assurance Plan Incorporated into the City’s EOP. 9. A Stand-Alone, Permanent Energy Assurance Grid 10. Adequate Capital to Achieve All Plan Goals 11. Adequate Public & Private Aid Agreements in Place Sponsored by: 19
  24. 24. Plan Highlights LEAP Objectives & Actions LEAP Goal #2: All privately-owned facilities supporting residents with functional needs (FSFNs) will have sufficient electrical energy supplies for a minimum of 72-hours of continuous operation without refueling Objective 2.A: Encourage Private Facilities to Install Adequate Tank Capacity Action 2.A.1 Draft an advisory letter to facility managers on the need for the 72-hour capacity Action 2.A.2 Conduct a briefing at each facility to explain the City’s request Objective 2.B: Investigate Petroleum Set-Aside Program Supplements Action 2.B.1 Contact the California Energy Commission to determine whether the inclusion of supplemental fuel requests for the privately-owned FSFNs can be included with the City’s application for supplemental fuel under California’s Petroleum Fuels Set-Aside Program. If so, take the following actions. Objective 2.C: Determine Facility Supplemental Fuel Requirements Action 2.C.1 Convene a workgroup of private facility managers and CVPW personnel to discuss fuel requirements for each private facility during an extended energy outage. Document generator run-times based on existing capacity and determine supplemental tank and or fueling requirements Objective 1.D: Draft Emergency Fuel Requests Action 2.D.1 Compose, review & finalize a fuel request to CEC for use in emergencies Action 2.D.2 Develop delivery & refueling procedures with fuel vendor & facilities’ managers Sponsored by: 19
  25. 25. Plan Highlights Financial, Technical & Administrative Capacity  All Measures & Actions Screened for Feasibility  Technical & Administrative Capacity Exists  Financial Capacity Must Be Developed.  Options Include: 2. Community Development Block Grants 3. Capital Improvement Project Funding 4. A Tax Levy with Voter Approval 5. Development Impact Fees for New Developments & Homes 6. Debt Financing through General Obligation Bonds 7. Debt Financing through Special Tax & Revenue Bonds 8. Private Activity Bonds for Redevelopment Projects 9. Tax Increment Financing Sponsored by: 19
  26. 26. Plan Highlights Chula Vista EAP Implementation Sponsored by: 19
  27. 27. Plan Highlights Implementation Funding Sources & Timing  Goal #1: In the short-term, all critical community facilities (CCFs) have sufficient electrical energy supplies for a minimum of 72-hours of continuous operation without refueling  Lead Organization(s): Public Works  Support Organization(s): City Attorney, Finance, Plng. & Bldg, & Develop. Servs.  Potential Funding Source: General Fund  Implementation Timeframe: 1 – 2 Years Sponsored by: 19
  28. 28. Plan Highlights Toward A Long-Term Technical Solution  A need to move beyond the current energy supply model & energy assurance planning paradigm to a model & planning focused on decentralized, distributed energy resources & hardened local-area distribution systems  The future energy assurance model will be one in which all critical community facilities are connected to one or more hardened micro grids served by local electricity and thermal energy generating plants across a community  A series of microgrids & local generating plants in each community will be interconnected & connected to the larger area Smart Grids serving non-emergency consumers Sponsored by: 19
  29. 29. Plan Highlights Toward A Long-Term Technical Solution  This first model would support the City’s Emergency Operations Center (EOC), other essential administrative, police, fire, ambulance and medical functions and two potential congregate care centers Sponsored by: 19
  30. 30. Plan Highlights Toward A Long-Term Technical Solution  Each microgrid will have redundant natural gas-fueled combined cooling, heat & power (CCHP) systems in place to ensure reliability & extended onsite storage capacity for biodiesel & renewable fuel stocks  Thermal Energy Storage (TES), advanced electrical storage systems, advanced communications & IT systems & interconnections for emergency fleet plug-in electric & hybrid electrical vehicles will also play roles in the two-way exchange of energy resources between all components of the energy assurance system of the future. Sponsored by: 19
  31. 31. Plan Highlights Toward A Long-Term Technical Solution  Central Power, Cooling & Heat Provided by Side-by-Side Heat Recovery Steam Turbines – Solar Turbines Mercury 50 shown Sponsored by: 19
  32. 32. Next Steps Chula Vista & SDG&E are exploring the potential of an energy assurance microgrid & other means of supply energy to critical facilities  Additional research on alternative financing & ownership options, contracting techniques & policy changes for the design & construction of an alternative energy system  The development process will be documented and a practitioners guide on alternative energy systems design & development will be formulated and disseminated to targeted users  Production of collateral media & promotional materials to support dissemination of the guide, nationwide Sponsored by: 20
  33. 33. Discussion Your Questions & Comments? Sponsored by: 24
  34. 34. Local Energy Assurance Planning:Sponsored by: The Chula Vista Case Study Craig Ruiz, Office of Economic Development, City of Chula Vista, California Doug Newman, National Energy Center for Sustainable Communities For More Information Contact: Craig Ruiz City of Chula Vista Office of Economic Development 619-952-7612 cruiz@ci.chula-vista.ca.us 25
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