Rules of Evidence… Grrr… An Overview By: Eleanor O’Quinn
Objection: Outside the Scope <ul><li>What is it?  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Object “outside of the scope” when the evidence is...
Objection: Speculation!  <ul><li>What is this?  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speculation is an opinion based on lack of sufficien...
Objection:  RELEVANCE!!!- 400s <ul><li>What makes something “relevant”?  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tendency to make the existe...
Objection: Leading <ul><li>Leading questions are NOT allowed in direct examinations </li></ul><ul><li>Leading questions su...
Objection: Lack of Foundation <ul><li>Usually used when entering experts or evidence </li></ul><ul><li>There has not been ...
Argumentative v. Arguing With the Witness <ul><li>What is Argumentative? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assuming facts not in evide...
Objection:  Hearsay! Dum Dum Dum…. <ul><li>WHAT IS HEARSAY?- the 800s  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Out-of-court statement offere...
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Rules Of Evidence

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Rules Of Evidence

  1. 1. Rules of Evidence… Grrr… An Overview By: Eleanor O’Quinn
  2. 2. Objection: Outside the Scope <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Object “outside of the scope” when the evidence is not present in relevant documents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outside the scope of the affidavit </li></ul><ul><li>Outside the scope of the case </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t have to object to this- use cross! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Objection: Speculation! <ul><li>What is this? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speculation is an opinion based on lack of sufficient evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How can you recognize it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anything that calls for the witness to guess </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypothetical Questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Would” questions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Experts are allowed greater leeway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>701: Laywitnesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>702: Expert Testimony </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Objection: RELEVANCE!!!- 400s <ul><li>What makes something “relevant”? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tendency to make the existence of any material fact more or less probable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Irrelevant things are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Totally unrelated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Cumulative”- technically relevant, inadmissible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prejudicial, confusing, waste time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Character Evidence: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generally not admissible to prove conduct </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Objection: Leading <ul><li>Leading questions are NOT allowed in direct examinations </li></ul><ul><li>Leading questions suggest an answer in the question </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is so, isn’t it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Isn’t it true that… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blah blah blah, correct? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Objection: Lack of Foundation <ul><li>Usually used when entering experts or evidence </li></ul><ul><li>There has not been enough evidence provided to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain the document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish authenticity of document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish witness relationship with document </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Argumentative v. Arguing With the Witness <ul><li>What is Argumentative? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assuming facts not in evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basing a question on evidence that has not yet been entered into evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is Arguing with the Witness? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Asking the same question over and over </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Becoming belligerent </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Objection: Hearsay! Dum Dum Dum…. <ul><li>WHAT IS HEARSAY?- the 800s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Out-of-court statement offered by the declarant to prove the truth of the matter asserted </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Truth of the matter asserted… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offered to prove something material to the case </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Declarant? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Person who makes the statement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes, it CAN be the witness! </li></ul></ul>
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