State government National Government What is dual federalism?
Co-equal sovereign powers
The separation between the national and state governments
The key to why state government has power
Hears the cases and decides whether it is a national or state issue
The Court interprets the commerce clause narrowly causing the Union to have dual federalism
Preventing the national government from gaining to much power
The Nation National Government
Thesis After the Civil War, problems between state and national government emerged, causing the Supreme Court to be the deciding factor of which issues states could control and which the national government could control, also called duel federalism
Challenges the U.S. faced during the 19 th and 20 th century
United States v. E.C. Knight Company
Hammer v. Dagenhart
Keating-Owen Child Labor Act
Lochner v. New York
Barbes, Barbara A, Mack C. Shelley II, and Steffen W. Schmidt. American Government and Politics Today: The Essentials . Belmont, CA: Clark Baxter, 2009.