Bell Ringer 11-1Identify the term that means government jobs went to supporters of the winning party in an election.Which document did President Cleveland sign in 1887?What lowered federal revenue and transformed the nation’s budget surplus into a budget deficit?
Stalemate in Washington
A Campaign to Clean Up PoliticsPatronage Prevented government from addressing nation’s issues Movement for reformHayes Attacked idea of patronage Roscoe Conkling “Stalwart”
Republicans Angry“Half-breeds”1880 Election James Garfield and Chester ArthurPendleton Act Allowed the President to decide which federal jobs would be filled according to the rules of the Civil Service CommissionShift began
Two Parties Neck and NeckRepublicans Support from former Union soldiers and other patriotic AmericansParty of Reform Supported abolition, temperance, and other reforms “Party of morality”Democrats “Party of personal liberty” Strong support by Catholics1876 1896 Pennsylvania, Ohio, and New York Winning popular vote but losing election (1876 and 1888)
Democrats Reclaim the White HouseGrover Cleveland (D)James Blaine (R) Former Speaker of the House Popular among party workers Caught up in Credit Mobilier ScandalMany voters were concerned about corruptionStopped supporting Blaine and turned to ClevelandNew York Many Irish Americans lost Lost pro temperance voters
ProblemsMany strikes workers attacked Haymarket Square Higher fixed costs with low operating costs on railroads upset peopleInterstate Commerce Commission (ICC) Regulated interstate commerce Limited railroad rates Made it illegal to charge higher rates for shorter haulsTariffs High tariffs hurt farmers Cleveland proposed lower tariffs
Republicans Regain PowerElection of 1888 Benjamin Harrison (R) Grover Cleveland (D)Republicans gain control of CongressMcKinley Tariff Cut tobacco taxes Increased rates on textiles Lowered federal revenue Turned budget surplus into budge deficitThe Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Ch. 11 Journal #1Analyze the following Political Cartoon. Please identify which peace of legislation the cartoon is referring to and the ironies of its’ message.