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Ch 11 Section 1

Ch 11 Section 1

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Ch. 11 1 powerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Bell Ringer 11-1Identify the term that means government jobs went to supporters of the winning party in an election.Which document did President Cleveland sign in 1887?What lowered federal revenue and transformed the nation’s budget surplus into a budget deficit?
  • 2. Stalemate in Washington
  • 3. A Campaign to Clean Up PoliticsPatronage Prevented government from addressing nation’s issues Movement for reformHayes Attacked idea of patronage Roscoe Conkling  “Stalwart”
  • 4. Republicans Angry“Half-breeds”1880 Election James Garfield and Chester ArthurPendleton Act Allowed the President to decide which federal jobs would be filled according to the rules of the Civil Service CommissionShift began
  • 5. Two Parties Neck and NeckRepublicans  Support from former Union soldiers and other patriotic AmericansParty of Reform  Supported abolition, temperance, and other reforms  “Party of morality”Democrats  “Party of personal liberty”  Strong support by Catholics1876  1896  Pennsylvania, Ohio, and New York  Winning popular vote but losing election (1876 and 1888)
  • 6. Democrats Reclaim the White HouseGrover Cleveland (D)James Blaine (R) Former Speaker of the House Popular among party workers Caught up in Credit Mobilier ScandalMany voters were concerned about corruptionStopped supporting Blaine and turned to ClevelandNew York Many Irish Americans lost Lost pro temperance voters
  • 7. ProblemsMany strikes  workers attacked  Haymarket Square  Higher fixed costs with low operating costs on railroads upset peopleInterstate Commerce Commission (ICC)  Regulated interstate commerce  Limited railroad rates  Made it illegal to charge higher rates for shorter haulsTariffs  High tariffs hurt farmers  Cleveland proposed lower tariffs
  • 8. Republicans Regain PowerElection of 1888 Benjamin Harrison (R) Grover Cleveland (D)Republicans gain control of CongressMcKinley Tariff Cut tobacco taxes Increased rates on textiles Lowered federal revenue Turned budget surplus into budge deficitThe Sherman Anti-Trust Act
  • 9. Ch. 11 Journal #1Analyze the following Political Cartoon. Please identify which peace of legislation the cartoon is referring to and the ironies of its’ message.