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What is nonfiction 2

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NONFICTION, presentation 1

NONFICTION, presentation 1


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  • 1. Introducing Nonfiction
    • How does it differ from fiction?
    • What’s the purpose?
    • What are some types of nonfiction?
  • 2. What’s the Difference?
    • Here are the dictionary definitions:
    • Fiction —
      • a) something invented by the imagination ; specifically : an invented story
      • b) fictitious literature (as novels or short stories) .
    • Nonfiction —
      • literature or cinema that is not fictional
  • 3. Nonfiction is the Real Deal
    • All forms of nonfiction concern REAL — not creative or the imaginary — subject matter.
    • Nonfiction is writing or speaking about the REAL WORLD .
  • 4. Nonfiction is the Real Deal
    • In other words...
    • Non fiction is NOT fiction!
      • (It’s not imaginary or “made up.”)
    • It’s about real people and real events .
  • 5. Three Types of Nonfiction
    • There are two types of nonfiction —
    • Narrative nonfiction
      • Tells a true-to-life story
    • Informative nonfiction
      • Explains a topic or presents an opinion
    • Persuasive nonfiction
      • Encourages the reader to believe or do something
  • 6. Narrative Nonfiction
    • Narrative nonfiction tells a story .
    • (Fiction (short stories & novels) also tells a story — but narrative nonfiction stories are true. )
    • Both use the same story elements :
      • Setting
      • Characters
      • Plot
      • Conflict
      • Theme
  • 7. Narrative Nonfiction
    • In other words…
    • Narrative nonfiction offers the same story appeal as fiction (made-up, imaginative stories)
    • The important difference is this:
    • Narrative nonfiction stories are a true-to-life retelling of events that actually happened .
  • 8. Narrative Nonfiction
    • Have you ever read:
    • an Autobiography ?
      • A writer tells his/her life story from the first-person point of view (I, me)
    • a Memoir ?
      • A writer tells a story from a specific period of his/her life , also from first-person POV
    • a Biography ?
      • A writer tells someone else’s story from the third-person point of view (he, she)
    • a Narrative Essay ?
      • A writer relates a true story in a short composition (first-person or third-person POV)
  • 9. Narrative Nonfiction
    • Of course you have!
    • Then you have read Narrative Nonfiction!
    • In this 6-weeks we’ve read:
      • Field Trip — a narrative essay by Naomi Shihab Nye
      • Black Boy — a memoir by Richard Wright
      • Only Daughter — a memoir by Sandra Cisneros
  • 10. Informative Nonfiction
    • Also remember…
    • Nonfiction also includes another type:
      • Informative nonfiction.
  • 11. Informative Nonfiction
    • Informative writing is also called expository.
    • Informative / expository writing
      • Explains
      • Informs
      • Defines
      • Clarifies
      • Persuades
  • 12. Informative Nonfiction
    • Have you ever read:
      • a magazine?
      • a newspaper?
      • an instruction sheet?
    • If so, then you have read Informative Nonfiction!
  • 13. Informative Nonfiction
    • Informative nonfiction includes:
      • Expository Essays
        • Explain the steps in a process
        • Report the news
      • Persuasive Essays
        • Promote an opinion
  • 14. Informative Nonfiction Format
    • LEAD —
      • Captures the readers’ attention, and
      • Includes a thesis ,
        • A statement of the essay’s main idea .
    • BODY —
      • Develops the main idea with supporting details …
        • Facts, reasons, quotations, statistics, examples, observations, personal experiences, etc.
    • CONCLUSION —
      • Restates the main idea and/or
        • Summarizes the main points
        • Leaves the reader with something to think about
        • (Persuasive essays often end with a call to action.)
  • 15. Persuasive Nonfiction
    • Persuasive Writing
      • Encourages the reader to believe or do something
    • Common Persuasive Writings include:
      • Editorials
      • Travel Brochures
      • Advertisements
      • Petitions
      • And many more!
  • 16. Nonfiction Form— Description
    • Creates a mood and appeals to the senses by answering these questions —
    • Answers these questions—
      • What does it LOOK like?
      • What does it TASTE like?
      • What does it SOUND like?
      • What does it SMELL like?
      • How does it FEEL?