OERs—ABC Method


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Student instruction for crafting OER responses; the ABC method

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OERs—ABC Method

  1. 1. TAKS Open-Ended Response aka OER This “A-B-C” Strategy Can help you go W.Y.L.D!
  2. 2. What the OER tests <ul><li>The OER is NOT a WRITING test… </li></ul><ul><li>The OER IS a READING test! </li></ul><ul><li>It tests your ability to understand what you read… </li></ul><ul><li>… to analyze the content, and respond with clear thinking to the READING PROMPT you are given. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Close Reading — What It Is <ul><li>CLOSE READING is like looking at the text through a microscope . </li></ul><ul><li>When you look at something through a microscope, you notice things you didn’t notice at first glance . </li></ul><ul><li>You look beyond the obvious … </li></ul><ul><li>You see in finer detail … </li></ul><ul><li>You “ read between the lines ”… </li></ul><ul><li>You see not only what the author literally has to say… </li></ul><ul><li>You see the meaning the author psychologically wants to convey. </li></ul>
  4. 4. But STOP!!! <ul><li>DO NOT read the TEXT … </li></ul><ul><li>… until you’ve read the PROMPT ! </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Read the PROMPT (question) carefully BEFORE you read the text of any story or article the prompt refers to. </li></ul><ul><li>Why : The PROMPT clues you in to your PURPOSE for reading the text… </li></ul><ul><li>It tells you why you’re reading. </li></ul><ul><li>It tells you what you’re looking for… </li></ul><ul><li>It tells you the kind of details and insight you must have to respond to the prompt successfully. </li></ul>But STOP!!!
  6. 6. <ul><li>ONLY THEN do you draft your response. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the A-B-C method to stay on track. </li></ul><ul><li>A – Answer the PROMPT (question) </li></ul><ul><li>B – Bring in a quote </li></ul><ul><li>C – make an insightful Connection </li></ul><ul><li>The first sentence of your response should clearly A — Answer the question… </li></ul>But STOP!!!
  7. 7. <ul><li>After you have answered the question , the rest of your response should explain and support your answer. </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure to include a quote from the selection that enhances your answer . </li></ul><ul><li>Any old quote won’t do; the quote you use must support and/or explain your point. </li></ul><ul><li>(Include a quote from both selections in the 3 rd question — where you must compare two readings.) </li></ul><ul><li>If you are asked to discuss a change in a character, be sure to mention how the character was BEFORE and AFTER the change. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Do: PREWRITE in the space provided in your test booklet. </li></ul><ul><li>Do: Smoothly blend only the portion of the quote that you need to make your point into your response. </li></ul><ul><li>Do: Use ellipses to connect: ellipses = …(3 dots) </li></ul><ul><li>Do not: waste the space that you have. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not: cite quotation (page #, paragraph #) </li></ul><ul><li>Do not: skip lines. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not: write outside the box. </li></ul>“ DOs” & “Don’ts”
  9. 9. Remember: A-B-C <ul><li>A — Answer the question… </li></ul>
  10. 10. Remember: A-B-C <ul><li>B — Bring in a quote … </li></ul>
  11. 11. Remember: A-B-C <ul><li>C — Make a connection between your answer and your quote… </li></ul><ul><li>“ C” IS NOT NECESSARY TO SCORE a 2!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unless I instruct you otherwise , just stop with the quote. If both your answer and quote are valid, you’ll score a 2. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In fact — </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DO NOT INCLUDE A “C” UNLESS I TELL YOU TO!!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unless I come to you and say… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Attempt a ‘C’ on your OER.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Just write an “A” and a “B”. An accurate “A” and “B” will get you by! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. An actual example… <ul><li>What follows are… </li></ul><ul><li>An actual 9 th grade prompt </li></ul><ul><li>Actual responses </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of actual 0, 1, 2 and 3 responses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Explanations of the Scores </li></ul>
  13. 13. Actual 9th Grade Prompt
  14. 14. Score = 0, Insufficient
  15. 15. Score = 0 Explained <ul><li>Response is too general or vague to determine whether it is reasonabl e. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You read and think “Uh…Say WHAT?? ” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OR… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Incorrect interpretation not based on text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Response clearly misinterprets the prompt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Plot summary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Writer does not respond to prompt, just summarizes story </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Score = 1, Partially Sufficient
  17. 17. Score = 1 Explained <ul><li>Va lid answer only </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acceptable answer without quote support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OR… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Va lid quote only </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acceptable quote without answer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OR… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Connection unclear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Answer-quote connection unclear </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Score=2, Sufficient
  19. 19. Score = 2 Explained <ul><li>Va lid answer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Factually valid, contextually correct interpretation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AND… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Va lid quote </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quote clearly supports/proves valid answer. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Score = 3, Exemplary
  21. 21. Score = 3 Explained <ul><li>DO NOT attempt unless… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mr. Coursey personally says to you: “respond with a ‘C’.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SERIOUSLY! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you write more than an answer (A) and a quote (B), you could hurt yourself more than help. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>A “C” response is NOT absolutely necessary. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A “C” response requires </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Particularly insightful answer and/or evidence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Answer-Evidence connection shows unusual depth of understanding </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You’ll do fine as long as you have a valid “A” and “B”! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>