Usages of DASH for Rich Media Services

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This presentation was given during the ACM MMSys 2011 Conference. The presentation is about the usage of Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP for Rich Media and Interactive services.

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Usages of DASH for Rich Media Services

  1. 1. Usages of DASH for Rich Media Services<br />Cyril Concolato<br />Jean Le Feuvre<br />RomainBouqueau<br />MMSys 2011<br />
  2. 2. Rich Media Services<br />Services featuring<br />Multiple media elements <br />audio, video, text, 2D/3D graphics<br />Dynamicity <br />Changing text, animated graphics, …<br />Possibly triggered on server-side (streaming)<br />Synchronization with media elements<br />Interactivity<br />Example of Rich Media Technologies<br />HTML 5, MPEG-4 BIFS, Flash…<br />page 1<br />
  3. 3. Context<br />Rapid development of HTTP Streaming technologies<br />MPEG, 3GPP, OIPF, W3C, …<br />Increased usages of Rich Media Technologies <br />Presentation glue for A/V content (HTML+video)<br />Streamed services including live meta-data (SVG/DIMS, MPEG-4 BIFS)<br />page 2<br />
  4. 4. Research Questions<br />How can Rich Media languages use DASH-delivered audio/video content?<br />Study A<br />How can Rich Media content be delivered over DASH?<br />Study B<br />page 3<br />
  5. 5. Study A: Description<br />Goal<br />Provide a generic API for MPD manipulations within a rich media document<br />Compatibility with existing Rich Media languages<br />Hypothesis<br />Bandwidth related manipulations are handled at the DASH level<br />Trick Mode related manipulations may be handledat both DASH and browser levels<br />Requirements <br />The API shall provide access to:<br />The desired video resolution & frame rate<br />The desired language<br />The desired quality<br />The desired view<br />page 4<br />
  6. 6. Study A: Architecture<br />page 5<br />Browser<br />Media Player<br />IntegratedRendering<br />Media Elements (audio,video…)<br />Media <br />Selectionand Control<br />Rich Media Elements (HTML, …)<br />DASH Client<br />HTTP Stack<br />
  7. 7. Study A: Solutions<br />Use of fragment identifiers<br />Use of attributes in DASH namespace<br />Use of ECMAScript<br />page 6<br /><video src="dash.mpd#viewpoint=1&width=176&height=144"><br /><video src="dash.mpd"><br /> <track kind=subtitles src="dash.mpd"<br />dash:qualityRanking="1" srclang="en"><br /></video><br />var track = createTrackFromDASH(‘subtitles’,‘lang’,’en’);<br />
  8. 8. Study B: Description<br />Goal<br />DeliverRich Media Streamssynchronouslywithrelated audio/video data<br />Automaticrepackaging of existingbroadcast interactive services over DASH<br />Requirements<br />Enable transposition of the traditional carrousel approach<br />Minimizebandwidth, leverage HTTP<br />Preserveinteractivity<br />Use case<br />Digital Radio Service [demonstration: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bmer91TZhCo]<br />T-DMB (MPEG-2 TS + MPEG-4 A/V + MPEG-4 BIFS)<br />page 7<br />
  9. 9. Study B: Architecture<br />page 8<br />IntegratedRendering<br />Browser<br />Media Player<br />Rich Media Elements (HTML, …)<br />Media Elements(audio, video…)<br />DASH Client<br />HTTP Stack<br />
  10. 10. page 9<br />Digital Radio Service & Broadcast environment<br />Digital radio stream<br />Audio<br />Data carousel (500 ms)<br />Data carousel (2 s)<br />Live data<br />Digital radio receivers<br />
  11. 11. Approach1: Basic Segmentation<br />page 10<br />Digital radio stream segments<br />…<br />Media Segment<br />Media Segment<br />Segment the MPEG-2 TS <br />Possiblywith « carousel » alignment<br />Bandwidth inefficient because of carousel<br /><ul><li>Need to extract « carousel » data out of media segments</li></li></ul><li>Digital radio stream segments<br />…<br />Media Segment<br />Media Segment<br />Data into IS not yetallowed by the DASH standard<br />Problem: how to signal version numberincrement<br />Withoutrequiring the use of new periods<br />Initialization Segment<br />Approach 2: InitializationSegment<br />page 11<br />
  12. 12. Approach 3: Externaldata references<br />page 12<br />Digital radio stream segments<br />…<br />Media Segment<br />Media Segment<br />Media Segment with updated data references<br />with initial datareferences<br />with initial datareferences<br />= HTTP link to<br />= HTTP link to<br />= HTTP link to<br />
  13. 13. Approach3: Externaldata references (cont’d)<br />External Data References and Segment formats<br />Not possible with MPEG-2 TS syntax<br />Potentially possible with FLUTE or others but highoverhead<br />Possible withDataReferenceBox in MP4<br />Not yetauthorized by the DASH standard<br />Additionalproblem<br />Avoidcarouselrefresh for DASH clients already« tuned-in »<br /><ul><li>Use of « redundant » signaling in MP4</li></ul>page 13<br />
  14. 14. AdditionalConsideration:RedundantSignaling<br />page 14<br />Media Segment #n<br />Media Segment #n+1<br />No change in « carousel » data<br />User interactswith Client 1 and locally changes the Rich Media State<br />Client 1 processes segment #n including « Carousel » data<br />Client 1 ignores redundant data (preserved interaction)<br />Client 2 processes « Carousel » data <br />Client 1 starts and requestssegment #n<br />Client 1 requests segment #n+1<br />Client 2 startsand requestssegment #n+1<br />
  15. 15. Study B: Summary of solutions <br />Use of data in Initialization Segment (IS)<br />Under evaluation for DASH<br />Use of external data references (EDR)<br />Requires MP4<br />Under evaluation for DASH<br />Use of redundantsignaling (RS) in MP4 for RM data<br />Accepted as an MP4 amendment<br />Possible joint usages:<br />IS+EDR or EDR + RS or IS+EDR+RS<br />page 15<br />
  16. 16. Implementation<br />GPAC Open Source Projet<br />DASH Player<br />Supports MPD and M3U8 playlists<br />MP4Box<br />Segmentation tool for MP4 files<br />MP42TS<br />DVB & DMB Mux<br />Segmentation<br />page 16<br />
  17. 17. Thank youQuestions ?<br />Cyril.Concolato@telecom-paristech.fr<br />Jean.LeFeuvre@telecom-paristech.fr<br />Romain.Bouqueau@telecom.paristech.fr<br />http://gpac.sourceforge.net<br />

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